APENDICES APPENDIX I : SUMMARY OF THE NOVEL

APENDICES . APPENDIX I : SUMMARY OF THE NOVEL . Maurice Bandrix, a young novelist, meets Henry Miles, assistant secretary in the Minister of Pension, ...

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APENDICES

APPENDIX I : SUMMARY OF THE NOVEL

Maurice Bandrix, a young novelist, meets Henry Miles, assistant secretary in the Minister of Pension, on one rainy night in 1946 while crossing the Common. Both of them are atheist. Henry asks Bandrix to enter a pub. Then. He asks Bandrix to have a drink in his house and complains on his wife, Sarah Miles who likes to keep out dooe. His house is at the northern side of the Common and Bandrix at the southern. Henry tells Bandrix that Sarah is an incorrigible liar who has private meeting as well as secrets to other men. Bandrix is jealous to Henry’s ignorance and blindness that she can have another affection and amorous affair with others. Henry gives Bandrix a letter in which Henry should apply to private detective agent named Savage to spy his wife but does not want to do so. After Bandrix reads the letter, Henry burns it and asks Bandrix to forget it. When Bandrix is still at Henry’s house, Sarah comes in. Henry advices Sarah that she will die of bad cold if she goes on leading such a wretched life. After seeing Sarah, Bandrix remembers his beautiful days with her, and longs to experience them once again. As a matter of fact, between Sarah and Bandrix, there is a love affair. It happens in Summer of 1939 when Bendrix begins to write an episode with a Senior Civil Servant as the main character and takes the

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life of Henry as the material of his craftsmanship. At that time, Henry asks to join his party. Because of interesting in Sarah’s attitude in welcoming her guests, Bandrix falls in love with her. Bandrix gathers information about his novel from Sarah. Their friendship begins to change into love affair. Bandrix does not involve to the war due to his lame legs. They loves each other. It is long enough that Sarah does not feel any physical desire from Henry. Bandrix is afraid that their love cannot last long because Sarah is not his wife. In having this love affair, they often have some quarrels. Their love affair goes on until June 1944. Sarah is in Bandrix’s flat making love with him. At that time, a few planes bomb around his flat. T causes the door of the flat broken and pins Bandrix under the wreckage of the house front door. In unconscious and injured condition, Sarah thinks that Bandrix is dead. Although Sarah is an atheist, she prays to God and promises to give her love with Bandrix if God makes Bandrix alive. Not long after, Bandrix is conscious. After that, they have separated for about eighteen months. Bandrix tries to find Sarah but her maid tells him that she is away in the country. Bandrix admits his amour with Sarah to Henry and is angry at Henry’s ignorance towards her. Bandrix reports to Henry that Sarah is seeking another man, named Smythe. Henry is sorry for himself being a bore and a fool. With the help of Parkis’ son, Lance, Bandrix meets Smythe, an unbeliever. Mr. Smythe whose face is ugly due to his large strawberry colour birthmark across one part of

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his face. They involve in a discussion on certain criticism of human life. Mr. Smythe has ever fell in love with Sarah. Bandrix obtains Sarah’s diary from Mr. Parkis and reads it. He is very astonished for he finds that Sarah still loves him forever. That is a clear description of the event in June 1944 when they are falling in love at his flat. Sarah has a vow to God dealing with Bandrix. Because of this vow, Sarah asks Mr. Smyhte’s advice to get rid of that particular superstition (her vow to God) that she cultivates deeper and deeper each day. Her greatest wish is that she can return to Bandrix again. Mr. Smythe falls in love with Sarah but she refuses it. She cannot give her love to others even to her husband except to Bandrix. After reading the diary, Bandrix phones Sarah and says that he is longing for Sarah. Sarah who has a bad cold does not want his coming to her house. Bandrix reveals his love affair with Sarah to Henry but Henry does not mind. Knowing this, Sarah decides to leave Henry but she is advised not to leave. One worst night, Bandrix sees Sarah in hurry out of her house when the rain falls heavily. He tries to catch her but cannot run after her because of his lamed legs. On one Sunday morning in a church, Bandrix finds Sarah sitting in one of the side aisle closed to a pillar and hideous statue of the virgin. Getting a bad cough, Sarah asks him to leave the Common. They will begin a new life in Dorset after her cough is restored. Sarah gives no reply. At last Sarah agrees with him in order that she should return to her house first. Then after her health becomes better, Bandrix will fetch her.

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For a while, Bandrix works harder than usual to gain more money to live with Sarah. Missing Sarah for a few days, Bandrix is very astonished when Henry tells him that Sarah has died due to her terrible bad cold. He asks Bandrix to come. Before Sarah dies, she calls God. Bandrix prays to God to make Sarah alive. Dealing with Sarah’s funeral, Henry discusses with Bandrix how the funeral rite should be performed. As a matter of fact, Bandrix hates God for Sarah’s death. When Bandrix arrives home from Henry’s house, he finds Sarah’s letter which comes late due to the wrong number. It tells Bandrix that she cannot leave Henry. Becoming a Catholic, Sarah is forbidden to have divorce. A day before the funeral, Father Crampton, a Catholic priest, comes to see and suggest Henry not to cremate Sarah’s dead body because Sarah is a Catholic. Looking st Father Crampton, Bandrix is very angry because Father Crampton is successful to tell Henry Sarah’s religion and there is no reason for them to believe that she has become a Catholic. In this case, Mrs. Bertram, Sarah’s mother, tells them that Sarah has been baptized in the Catholic faith at the age of two.

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After this problem has been cleared up, Bandrix decides to burn her diary but cannot carry out such a thing. It is the only Sarah’s thing left. Some days after that, Bandrix finds some miracles. Mr. Parkis’son has been healed from his illness. Mr. Smythe’s strawberry colour birthmark on his face has disappeared suddenly. Then, Bandrix moves into Henry’s house and lives in there. Once again, he reads Sarah’s diary, and realizes the existence of God.

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APPENDIX II :

BIOGRAPHY OF THE OUTHOR AND HIS WORKS

Graham Greene is an English novelist, short story writer, playwright, and essaylist,. He was born at Berkhamstead, in Hertfordshie, on October 2, 1904. His father, Charles Henry Greene, was a public school headmaster. His mother, Marion Raymon Greene, had been the cousin of his father. Greene was educated at Brerkhamstead school, where his father was headmaster, and at Balliol College, Oxford. While he was at Balliol College, he got a job at a tobacco company, and hoped it would take him to China. In 1926 he was a subeditor for the London Time and was a film critic of the “Spectator” until 1940. Then during World War II, he worked in the foreign office and was then sent on special duty to West Africa. At the age of twenty-one, he was converted to be a Roman Catholic and in 1927 he married Vivien Dayrell Browing, who was also a Roman Catholic. They got one son and one daughter from their marriage. Since he was a Catholic, most of his writings were written on the religious views. As a writer, he traveled widely to Mexico, west Africa and America and the result of his stay in various places he gathered much valuable materials for his works. The first novel was “The Man Within” (1929) a piece of historical fiction. In 1932, he produced his first entertainment “Stamboul Train”. In 1935 he made a

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visit to Liberia, and it was described in “Journey Without Maps” (1936). There years later he wrote “lawless Roads”, telling about his experience in Mexico. In “Brighton Rock”, Greene wrote explicitly his first Catholic novel. In 1940 he produced “The Power and the Glory” which was awarded the Hawthornden Prize. In 1948 he produced his masterpiece “The Heart of the Matter”. He published “The End of the Affair” in 1951 and was awarded the Catholic Literary Award in the United States. It is fair to declare that Greene is not only a major novelist but also a successful dramatist and an admired story writer as well, especially of detective stories. His children’s stories were written and illustrated together with Dorothy Craigie. Greene, an author whose religion is Catholic, writhes many of his works with his Catholic point of views. He struggles to provide the problem in the middle of the nature of the twentieth century “a final solution” to the question of the nature of morality. Criticism of his fiction has been mainly concerned either with handling of “heroes” in term of Greek tragedy or with his Catholic doctrine. He often seems to suggest that grace is the necessary condition for meaningful life. Greene created successful plays which were soon performance after their publication. In 1953 his first play “The Living Room”, was performed in London and also in the Broadway Theatre, New York in the year 1954 and even in Paris. His second play “The Potting Shed” was also performed in Broadway Theatre in 1957. Then his third play “The Complaisant Lover” after which came “Carving A

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Statue” which was performed in London in 1964 and later in the Broadway Theatre in 1968. more over, some of his novels were made into film such as “Brighton Rock”, “Our Man In Havana”, The Comedians”, etc. Among so many kinds of his works, Greene had written two autobiographies and two biography “Lord Rochester’s Monkey” was actually written in 1934 but was rejected by the publisher. However, it appeared again in 1974. the second and his latest biography, whose title was ”An Impossible woman”, was published in December 1975. it is about the life history of Dottoress Moor of Capri. Graham Greene divided his works into two types: Serious Novels These novels are about somber, moral and religious points. In this kind of novels, he was influenced by a French Catholic novelist, Francis Mouriac. Entertainments In writing this kind of novels, he was influenced by a master of the spy thriller, John Buchan. Eventhough these novels have the thriller elements with them, they still discuss problems of good and evil. Greene was famous among his English contemporaries because of his ability to write a serious in an entertaining manner.

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Graham Greene’s Works Novels 1. “The Man Within” ………………………………………...

(1935)

2. “The Name of Action”…………………………………….

(1930)

3. “The Stamboul Train”……………………………………..

(1932)

4. “It’s a Battlefield”…………………………………………

(1934)

5. “England Made Me”………………………………………

(1935)

6. “Journey Without Maps”………………………………….

(1936)

7. “Brighton Rock”…………………………………………..

(1938)

8. “The Lawless Roads”……………………………………..

(1939)

9. “The Power of Glory”…………………………………….

(1940)

10. “The Ministry of Fear”……………………………………

(1943)

11. “The Little Train”…………………………………………

(1947)

12. “The Heart of the Matter”………………………………...

(1948)

13. “The Third Man”…………………………………………

(1950)

14. “The End of the Affair”………………………………….

(1951)

15. “The Little Horse Bus”…………………………………..

(1952)

16. “The Living Room”……………………………………...

(1953)

17. “Twenty-One Stories”…………………………………...

(1954)

18. “The Quiet American”…………………………………..

(1955)

19. “The Potting Shed”……………………………………...

(1957)

20. “The Complaisant lover”………………………………..

(1959)

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21. “The Burn Out Case”……………………………………

(1961)

22. “A Sense of Reality”……………………………………

(1963)

23. “Carving a Statue”……………………………………...

(1964)

24. “The Comedians”………………………………………

(1966)

25. “Travels with My Aunt”……………………………….

(1969)

26. “The Honorary Consul”……………………………….

(1973)

27. “The Human Factor”………………………………….

(1978)

Short stories 1. “The Basement Room and Other Stories”…

(1935)

2. “The Bear Fell Tree”………………………

(1935)

3. “The Twenty Four Stories”………………..

(1939)

4. “Nineteen Stories”………………………...

(1947)

5. “A Visit to Morin”………………………..

(1959)

6. “May We Borrow Your Husband…………

(1967)

7. “And Other Comedies of the Sexual Life”

(1967)

8. “The Collected Stories of Graham Greene”

(1972)

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PLAYS 1. “The Return of A. J. Raffles”……………

(1975)

2. “Alas, Poor Maling”……………………..

(1975)

Children Stories 1. “The Little Fire Engine”………………..

(1950)

2. “The Little Steam Roller”……………...

(1953)

Screen Plays 1. “The Green Cockatoo”…………………

(1938)

2. “The New Britain”……………………..

(1940)

3. “When the Day Well”………………….

(1942)

4. “The Fallen Idol”………………………

(1949)

5. “Saint Joan”……………………………

(1957)

6. “Our Man in Havana”…………………

(1967)

POEMS  “Babbling April”…………………….

(1925)

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ESSAYS 1. “The Lost Childhood”………………

(1951)

2. “Essais Catholiques”……………..

(1953)

3. “Collected Essays”………………

(1969)

Other Books by Graham Greene 1. “The Old School”………………..

(1934)

2. “Why do I Write ?”………………

(1948)

3. “After Two Years”………………

(1949)

4. “For Christmas”………………….

(1950)

5. “The Best of Saki”………………

(1950)

6. “The Revenge”………………….

(1963)

7. “Victorian Detective”…………..

(1966)

8. “A Short Life”………………….

(1971)

9. “The Pleasure Dome”………….

(1972)

10. “The Portable Graham Greene”…

(1973)

11. “Lord Rochester’s Monkey”……

(1974)

12. “An Impossible Woman”………

(1975)

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