BA LLB FIRST YEAR SYLLABUS SEMESTER- I FOUNDATION ENGLISH-I LBA 101 OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the course is to enable the students to develop Communication skills, capability for oral communication and thus to have necessary confidence to face the challenges of the corporate world. Unit I Functional Grammar: Grammar and Vocabulary (as contained in the first two sections of “Better your English – I)* Oral: Students should be made to speak grammatically correct short sentences using proper vocabulary. Unit II Communication: Meaning, Nature and Importance of Communication, Barriers to Effective Communication, Channels of Communication, Flow of Communication –Downward, Upward, Lateral or Horizontal, Diagonal or Cross-wise. Oral: Students should be asked to speak on different aspects of communication for if the students cannot communicate properly; the purposes of teaching communication are not fulfilled. Unit III Requisites of Sentence writing: Essentials of good sentence construction, sentence structure, kinds of sentence. Oral: Practice in the class regarding sentence construction, use of words in a sentence by filling in the gaps etc. Unit IV Reading cultural texts: Short- Stories: 1. Eyes are not here – Ruskin Bond (Non- detailed study) 2. Renunciation – Rabindra Nath Tagore (Non- detailed study)
Short Essay: 1. How should one Read a book? – Virginia Woolf (Non- detailed study) 2. The Heritage of India – A. L. Basham (Non- detailed study) ORAL: Discussion in detail, Critical appreciation, grammatical exercises and making student read the stories and essay so that they develop the reading habits with proper stress, intonation, pronunciation & rhythm.
Text Books:1. Das S.K., Better your English – I, A Workbook for Students, Macmillan India, New Delhi. 2. Singh R.P, An Anthology of English Short Stories, O.U.P. New Delhi. 3. Singh R.P, An Anthology of English Essay, O.U.P., New Delhi. Reference Books:1. Raman Meenakshi & Sharma Sangeeta – Technical Communication – Principal & Practice – O.U.P. New Delhi. 2. Mohan Krishna & Banerji Meera – Developing Communication Skill – Macmillan India Ltd. N. Delhi. Note: - This Syllabus has been designed to improve the oral &Written Communication Skill of students. The faculty members should put emphasis on practical (Oral) activities for generating student’s interest in language learning. *The Faculty members are instructed to tackle the first two section of the book and keep the exercises contained there in for assignments to students. Besides, the faculty members should also do extra exercises to enable the students to grasp the aspects of grammar and vocabulary.
PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY LBA 102 Objective: The objective of this paper is to exhibit the relevance and significance of sociology for understanding society and in attempting to solve its problems. Unit I Sociology and Sociological Perspective: Sociology: Meaning and Subject Matter,Scope of Sociology Relationship of Sociology with other sciences: History, psychology, Jurisprudence and Anthropology Important theoretical approaches, Functionalism, Conflict theory and evolution. Unit II
Basic Concepts: Society, Community, Institution, Association, Culture. Unit III Fundamentals: Social Structure: Concepts and Characteristics, Social Groups: Concept and types Status and Role: Concept and types Norms and Values: Concept, Classification of social norms. Unit IV Social Processes: Associative –Cooperation, Accommodation, Assimilation, Integration. Dissociative – Competition, Conflict and Contravention Unit V Individual and Society: Socialisation: Meaning, Characteristics Theories of Socialisation Stages and Agencies of Socialisation. Suggested Readings 1. Jayaram, N., Introductory Sociology, Macmillan India, Madras. 2. Bhushan, Vidya, An Introduction to Sociology, Kitab Mahal Publication, Lucknow. 3. Mukherjee, Ravindra and Kumar, Principles of Sociology,Rawat Publication,Jaipur.
PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL SCIENCE LBA 103 Objective: This paper attempts to expose students to some basic ideas and concepts in Political Science. Unit I Basic Concepts: Concepts: Politics and Political Science, Nature and scope, Political Thought, Political Theory, Political Philosophy, Political Ideology Unit II Approaches to the study of Political Science: Normative, Historical, Behavioral Relation of Political Science with other Social Sciences Unit III
Concept of State: State: Meaning, Elements, Theories of origin of State Unit IV Concepts and types of: Sovereignty, Liberty, Equality Unit V Concepts and types of: Justice, Citizenship, Rights Suggested Readings: 1. Political Theory, Asirvatham, S. Chand. 2. O.P. Gauba, An Introduction to Political Theory, Macmillan 3. J.C. Johari, Principle of Modern Political Science, Sterling, Delhi. 4. Andrew Heywood, Politics, Palgrave Foundation, New York. 5. S. P. Varma, Modern Political Theory, New Delhi, Vikas 6. C.E.M Joad, Political Theory, Oxford: Clarendon Press .
MICRO ECONOMICS-I LBA104 Objective: The objective of this paper is to familiarize the student with basic Principles of Economics. Unit I Introduction to Microeconomics: Definition & Scope, Production Possibility Curve, Demand, Quantity Demanded, Law of Demand, Supply, Quantity Supplied, Law of Supply, Shape & Characteristics of Demand & Supply Curve, Unit II Consumer Theory I: Consumer Budget Constraint, Elasticity of Demand – its types, Types of Goods (Substitutes, Compliments etc.) & their elasticity. Unit III Consumer Theory II: Concept of Utility (TU, MU), Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility (LDMU), Deriving law of demand using LDMU.
Unit IV Consumer Theory III: Indifference Curves (IC) (Properties, Types), Consumer Equilibrium using IC – Price & Substitution Effect. Unit V Market Dynamics: Change/Shift in Demand & Supply curves & effect on Market Equilibrium, Consumer Surplus, Producer Surplus.
Suggested Readings: 1. Jhinga M.L., Microeconomics Theory, Vrinda Publishing House. 2. Samuelson & Nordhaus, Economics, Tata Mc Graw Hill. 3. Hal. R. Varian ,Intermediate Microeconomics, W.W. Norton & Company. 4. Koutsoyiannis A., Modern Microeconomics, Mac Millan Press.
LAW OF CONTRACT- I LAW 101 Objective: The objective of this paper is to familiarize the students with general principles of law of contract which is base of the commercial laws in this globalised era of business world. This paper creates a hypothetical image of future scenario in the mind of students by which they can acquire their desired goals in the international market. Unit I: History about Law of Contract: English Position about Law of Contract, Indian Position about Law of Contract. Unit II: Introduction to Law of Contract: Meaning and Essential Elements of a Valid Contract, Proposal or Offer, Acceptance, Consideration with Doctrine of Privity of Contract, Legality of Objects Unit III Void Agreements: Minor’s Contract, Agreements in Restrain of Marriage, Agreements of Trade, Agreements in Restrain of Legal Proceedings, Agreements Void for Uncertainty, Agreements by way of Wager
Unit IV Voidable Agreements: Coercion, Undue Influence, Fraud, Misrepresentation, Mistake. Unit V Discharge of Contract and Remedy for Breach: Performance of Contract, Impossibility of performance of Contract with Doctrine of Frustration, Breach of Contract, Remedies for Breach of Contract. Leading Cases for Detailed Study: *Carlill Vs Carbolic Smoke Ball Co *Handley Vs Baxendale *Mohori Bibi Vs Dharmodas Ghosh *Satyabrat Ghosh Vs Mugniram *Harvey Vs Facie *Lalman Shukla Vs Gauri Dutt Suggested Readings: 1. Singh Avtar, Mercantile Law, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow. 2. Kapoor S. K., Contract-I and II, Central Law Agency, Allahabad. 3. Rai Kailash, Law of Contract, Central Law Publication, Allahabad. 4. Meena R. L., Law of Contract, Universal Law publishing Agency, Delhi
CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT & CONSTITUTIONAL LAW- I LAW 102 Objective: The objective of this paper is to familiarize the students with guiding principles to regulate the legal system of India which comprises basically the three organs of government Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. Unit I Introduction to Indian Constitution: Constitutional Concepts- Constitution, Constitutional Law and Constitutionalism, Historical Development of Indian Constitution-Pre Independent Position, Post Independent Position (All Amendments), Present Position (Pending Proposals for Constitutional Amendments), Nature of Indian Constitution., Salient Features of Indian Constitution.
Unit II Basics of Fundamental Rights in India: Origin of the Concept of Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Rights in India, Justifiability of Fundamental Rights, State and Other Authorities, Law, Doctrine of Eclipse, Severability and Waiver Unit-III Fundamental Rights: Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right to life and Personal Liberty, Right to Religion, Right to Protection for Minorities Unit IV Fundamental Protection: Protection against Ex-post-facto, Double Jeopardy and Self Incrimination, Protection against Arbitrary Arrest and Detention, Protection under umbrella of Constitutional Remedies Unit V Directive Principles of State Policy: Objects and Utility of Directive Principles of State Policy, Guiding Principles for Government in the Name of Directive Principles of State Policy, Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties Leading Cases for Detailed Study *Keshwanand Bharti Vs State Of Kerala *T.M.A.Pai Foundation & Others Vs State Of Karnataka *Menaka Gandhi Vs Union Of India *M.C.Mehta Vs Union Of India *D.K.Basu Vs State Of West Bengal *Vishakha Vs State Of Rajasthan Suggested Readings: 1. Seervai H. M., Constitutional Law of India, Universal Law Publishing Company, Delhi. 2. Shukla V.N., Constitution of India, Easter Book Company, Lucknow 3. Jain M.P., Outline of Indian Constitution, LexisNexis Butterworth Wadhwa Publication, Nagpur 4. Paylee M. d., Constitution of World, Universal Law Publishing Company, Delhi
BA LLB FIRST YEAR SYLLABUS SEMESTER- II FOUNDATION ENGLISH II LBA 201 OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the course is to enable the students to develop Communication skills, capability for oral communication and thus to have necessary confidence to face the challenges of the corporate world. Unit I Foundation Grammar: Reading and Writing (as contained in the last two sections of “Better your English – I”)*. ORAL: Students should be made to read passages and answer the questions asked for. Unit II Technical Communication: Nature, Origin and Development, Scope and Significance, Forms of Technical Communication, Differences between Technical Communication and General Communication. ORAL: Make the students speak on the points relevant to Technical Communication. Unit III The Structure of sentence: Sentences: Simple, Compound and Complex, Transformation of Sentence: Simple to Complex and vice-versa, Simple to Compound and vice – versa, Interrogative to Assertive and to Negative and vice – versa. ORAL: Make the students answer questions on different types of sentences and transformation. Unit IV Reading Cultural Texts: Short – Story: (Non detailed study). 1. The Lament – Anton Chekov. 2. Barbers’ Trade Union – R. K. Narayan.
Short –Essay: (Non detailed study). 1. A Bookish Topic – R. K. Narayan. 2. The Gandhian Outlook – S. Radha Krishan. ORAL: Discussion in detail, critical appreciation, grammatical exercises and making students read the stories and essays so that they may develop the reading habits with proper stress, intonation, pronunciation & rhythm. Text Books: 1. Better your English – I, A Workbook for student, Macmillan India, New Delhi. 2. Singh R. P, An Anthology of English Short Stories –O.U.P., N. Delhi. 3. Singh R.P, An Anthology of English Essay –. O. U. P. N. Delhi. Reference Books: 1. Raman Meenakshi & Sharma Sangeeta , Technical Communication Principle & Practice O.U. P. N. Delhi. 2. Mohan Krishna & Banerji Meera – Developing Communication Skill – Macmillan India Ltd: N. Delhi. Note: This Syllabus has been designed to improve the oral and written Communication Skill of students. The faculty should put emphasis on practical (oral) activities for generating students’ interest in Language Learning. *The faculty members are instructed to tackle the last two sections of the book and keep the exercises contained therein for assignments to students. Besides, the faculty members should also do extra exercises to enable the students to grasp the aspects of grammar and vocabulary.
SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY LBA 202 Objective: The focus of this paper is to provide a comparative analysis of different cultures and study the institutions and human relationship of primitive of the past and present. Unit I Anthropology and Anthropological Perspective: Nature, Scope and Subject Matter of Social Anthropology, Methods of Social Anthropology: Historical, Comparative and Functional, Development of Social Anthropology in India. Unit – II
Conceptual Explanations of Tribe: Primitive, Economic and Political System with reference to Indian Tribes. Culture Components and Change – Diffusion, Acculturation, Assimilation Unit – III Institutional Overview: Family and Marriage in Tribal Society, Religion and Magic among Tribes. Unit – IV Kinship Primitive Kinship System: Types, Relation and Usages of Kinship Behaviour(Joking Relation, Avoidance, Avunculate, Tekononymy) Unit – V Problems and Welfare of Indian Tribes: Problems and Changes among Indian Tribes, Constitutional Provisions for Scheduled Tribes, Evolution of Welfare Programmes Suggested Readings: 1. Das Veena., Social anthropology, Eastern Book Corp, NewDelhi. 2. Srinivas, N.M., Essays in Indian Social Anthropology, Oxford Univ. Press, New. 3. Gupta, L.M. & Sharma, D.D,Social Anthropology, Sahitya Bhawan Publications, Agra. 4. Narayan, S. Indian Anthropology ,Gyan Publishing House, New Delhi. MICRO ECONOMICS II LBA203 Objective: The objective of this paper is to familiarize the student with the concepts of production, revenue, cost & dynamism of different market forms. Unit-I Production Theory: Production Function, Production (TP) curve, Laws of variable proportions, Returns to Factor (Average and Marginal Product) and Scale (IRS, CRS, and DRS) & relationship between them. Unit-II Revenue & Cost theory: General theories and types of Cost (FC, VC), Cost concepts & Curves (TC, AC, MC) & relationship between them, SR & LR Cost theory (SAC, SMC, LAC, LMC
etc.), Revenue – Types, Curves & Characteristics (TR, MR, AR etc.) Profit Maximization & Cost Minimization. Unit-III Markets: Types & Characteristics [PC, Monopoly (inclusive of price discrimination), Oligopoly, Monopolistic Competition],Market Equilibrium (SR & LR) of firm & Industry under PC, Monopoly, Characteristics of Collusive oligopoly – cartelization. Unit-IV Market Dynamics: Effect of Shift in Market Demand & Supply & Shift in Firms Production & Cost Curves onmarket/firm equilibrium Unit V Game Theory: Basics, Strategy, Payoff Matrix, Zero Sum game, Prisoner’s Dilemma.
Suggested Readings: 1. Jhingan M.L., Microeconomics Theory, Vrinda Pub. 2. Samuelson & Nordhaus, Economics, Tata Mc Graw Hill. 3. Hal.R.Varian, Intermediate Microeconomics, W.W. Norton & Company. 4. Koutsoyiannis A., Modern Microeconomics, Mac Millan Press. GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS LBA 204 Objective: This paper introduces students to the basic concepts and functioning of State and Government. Unit I Government:Government, Organization of Government: Legislature, Executive, Judiciary Unit II Forms of Government: Dictatorship, Democracy (Features, Merits, Demerits) Unit III Forms of Government: Unitary, Federal (Features, Merits, Demerits)
Unit IV Forms of Government:Parliamentary, Presidentia (Features, Merits, Demerits) Unit V Globalization and Change: General Introduction, State, Sovereignty and Non-state Actors Governments and Markets Supranationalism Suggested Readings: 1. Asirvatham , Political Theory, S. Chand & Company. 2. A.C. Kapoor, Principles of Political Science, S. Chand & Company. 3. Pennock and Smith, Political Science- An Introduction. Macmillan (New York) 4. Caramani, Daniele, Comparative Politics, Oxford University Press. 5. Viotti and Kauppi, International Relations, Ch. 10, Pearson. 6. Held, D. and McGre McGrew, A. eds., The Global Transformations Reader Polity Press,
LAW OF CONTRACT II LAW201 Objective: The objective of this paper is to familiarize the students with basic principles about some special contract which are easily making by the industrialist in the time of economic developments Unit I Specific Contract: Contract of Indemnity, Contract of Guarantee, Contract of Bailment, Contract of Pledge Unit II Agency: Concept of Agency, Kinds of Agents, Creation of Agency, Rights and Duties of Agents, Termination of Agency Unit III Sale of Goods Act: Formation of Contract of Sale, Conditions and Warranties, Transfer of Title, Performance of Contract, Suits for the Breach of Contract Unit IV
Specific Relief Act: Recovery of Possession of Property, Specific Performance of Contract, Rescission of Contract, Cancellation of Instruments, Preventive Relief (Injunctions) Unit V Electronic Contract: Meaning and Definition of E-Contract, Essential Elements for a Valid EContract, Types of E-Contract, Impact of E-Contract in this Globalised Era Leading Cases for Detailed Study *State Of Orissa Vs United India Insurance Co. Ltd. *North British Insurance Co.Vs Lloyd *Dwarikesh Sugar Industries Ltd. Prem Heavy Engineering Workers (P) Ltd. *U. P. State Sugar Corparation Vs Sumac International Ltd. *Amritlal Vs State Of Travancore Suggested Readings: 1. Singh Avtar, Mercantile Law, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow 2. Kapoor S. K., Contract-I and II, Central Law Agency, Allahabad 3. Rai Kailash, Law of Contract, Central Law Publication, Allahabad 4. Meena R. L. , Law of Contract, Universal Law publishing Agency, Delhi CONSTITUTIONAL LAW II LAW202 Objective: The objective of this paper is to familiarize the students with guiding principles to regulate the legal system of India Unit I Union & State Executive: President (Appointment and Powers), Vice- President (Appointment & Powers), Position of Council of Ministers Unit II Union & State Legislature: Parliament –Composition of Rajya Sabha & Lok Sabha, Functions of Parliament & Parliamentary Privileges, Composition and Functions of State Legisture Unit III Union and State Judiciary: Composition of Supreme Court & High Courts, Appointment Procedure of Judges, Transfer Policy of Judges, Jurisdiction and Powers of Judges, Independence of Supreme Court, Doctrine of Srare Decisis
Unit IV Emergency Provisions: National Emergency, State Emergency, Financial Emergency Unit V Amending Procedure of the Indian Constitution: By Simple Majority, By Special Majority, By Special Majority with Ratification by State Legislature, Doctrine of Basic Structure Leading Cases for Detailed Study *Keshwanand Bharti Vs State Of Kerala *S.P. Gupta Vs Union of India *S.C.Advocates On Records Of Association Vs Union Of India *Minerva Mills Ltd. Vs Union Of India *Inre Keshav Singh Vs Speaker, Leg.Assembly *I.R. Coelho Vs State Of Tamilnadu Suggested Reading: 1. Seervai H. M.,Constitutional Law of India,Universal Law Publishing Company, Delhi 2. Shukla V.N.,Constitution of India, Easter Book Company,Lucknow 3. Jain M.P.,Outline of Indian Constitution, LexisNexis Butterworth Wadhwa Publication, Nagpur 4. Paylee M.d., Constitution of World, Universal Law Publishing Company, Delhi