BAHASA INGGERIS BAHASA MELAYU

absolute temperature scale skala suhu mutlak: ... Boyle’s law. hukum Boyle brain. otak brass . ... chemical formula formula kimia chemical property...

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS a.c. generator abdomen abiotic abiotic components abiotic factor abnormal haemoglobin abscisic asid absolute temperature scale absolute zero absorption acceleration acceleration due to gravity acceleration of free fall accommodation accumulator accuracy acetic acid acetycholine acetyl CoA acid acid rain acidic acidic gas acidic oxide acidic solution acidity Acquired Immunity Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) actin actinide action potential activation energy active transport adaptation adaptive characteristic addiction addition reaction additive adenine adenosine diphosphate (ADP) adenosine triphosphate (ATP) adhesion adolescence adrenal glands adrenaline adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) adulthood advanced material adventitious roots aeration

BAHASA MELAYU penjana a.u. abdomen abiotik komponen abiotik faktor abiotik hemoglobin abnormal asid absisik skala suhu mutlak sifar mutlak penyerapan pecutan pecutan kerana graviti pecutan jatuh bebas akomodasi akumulator kejituan asid asetik asetikolina asetil-KoA asid hujan asid berasid gas berasid oksida berasid larutan berasid keasidan sindrom kurang daya tahan (AIDS) aktin aktinida keupayaan tindakan tenaga pengaktifan pengangkutan aktif penyesuaian ciri mudah suai ketagihan tindak balas penambahan bahan tambah adenina adenosina difosfat (ADP) adenosina trifosfat (ATP) lekatan masa remaja kelenjar adrenal adrenalina hormon adrenokortikotrofik (ACTH) masa dewasa bahan termaju akar adventitius pengudaraan

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS aerenchyma aerobic aerobic respiration aerodynamic aerofoil aerosol age structure agglutination agriculture agriculture product air air pollutant air pollution air pressure air sac air ventilation albinism alcohol alcoholic drinks aldosterone algae alimentary canal alkali alkali metal alkaline alkaline battery alkaline earth metal alkalinity alkane alkene alkyl allele allergen allergy alloy alpha particle alternating current (a.c.) alternator alum aluminium alveolus amalgam amino acid amino group ammeter ammonia ammonium salt amnion amniotic fluid

BAHASA MELAYU aerenkima aerob respirasi aerob aerodinamik aerofoil aerosol struktur umur pengaglutinatan pertanian produk pertanian udara pencemar udara pencemaran udara tekanan udara kantung udara alihan udara kebalaran/ albinisme alkohol minuman beralkohol aldosteron alga salur alimentari alkali logam alkali beralkali bateri alkali logam alkali bumi kealkalian alkana alkena alkil alel alergen alergi aloi zarah alfa arus ulang-alik (a.u.) alternator alum aluminium alveolus amalgam asid amino kumpulan amino ammeter ammonia garam ammonium amnion bendalir amnion

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS amoeba ampere amphibian amphoteric amphoteric oxide amplitude amplitude modulation amylase anabolic reactions anaemia anaerobic analgesic analogous structure analysis anaphase anatomy AND logic circuit aneroid barometer aneuploidy angiosperm angle of incidence angle of reflection angle of refraction anhydrous agent anhydrous calcium chloride anhydrous copper sulphate animal cell animal kingdom anion anode anorexia nervosa antagonistic muscle anterior anther antibiotic antibody antidiuretic hormone (ADH) antifungal antigen antigenic determinant antinode antioxidant antiparallel vectors antiseptic anus aorta apical meristem apocrine gland apparatus

BAHASA MELAYU ameba ampere amfibia amfoterik oksida amfoterik amplitud modulasi amplitud amilase tindak balas anabolik anemia anaerob analgesik struktur beranalog analisis anafasa anatomi litar logik DAN barometer aneroid aneuploidi angiosperma sudut tuju sudut pantulan sudut pembiasan agen kontang kalsium klorida kontang kuprum sulfat kontang sel haiwan alam haiwan anion anod anoreksia nervosa otot antagonistik anterior anter antibiotik antibodi hormon antidiuresis (ADH) antikulat antigen penentu antigen antinod pengantioksida vektor antiselari antiseptik dubur aorta meristem apeks kelenjar apokrin radas

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS apparent depth apparent weight appendicitis appendicular skeleton appendix aquatic aquatic plant aqueous aqueous humour aqueous solution archaeology Archimedes’ principle area arrangement of particles arrector pili artery arthropod artificial insemination artificial selection asbestos ascending order ascorbic acid asexual reproduction assimilation aster asteroid asthma astigmatism astronaut asymmetrical atmospheric pressure atom atomic mass unit (a.m.u) atomic number atomic weight atrioventricular (AV) node atrioventricular (AV) valve atrium auditory nerve aurora autolysis autonomic system autosome autotroph autotrophic nutrition auxin Avogadro number axial skeleton axillary bud

BAHASA MELAYU dalam ketara berat ketara apendisitis rangka apendaj apendiks akuatik tumbuhan akuatik akueus gelemair/ humor akueus larutan akueus arkeologi prinsip Archimedes luas susunan zarah pili arektor arteri artropod permanian beradas pilihan buatan asbestos tertib menaik asid askorbik pembiakan aseks asimilasi aster asteroid asma astigmatisme angkasawan asimetri tekanan atmosfera atom unit jisim atom (u.j.a) nombor atom berat atom nodus atrioventrikel (AV) injap atrioventrikel (AV) atrium saraf auditori aurora autolisis sistem autonomik autosom autotrof pemakanan autotrof auksin nombor Avogadro rangka paksi tunas aksil

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS axis axon bacillus bacteria bacteriophage Baermann funnel balance of nature balanced diet balanced ecosystem balanced equation balanced forces ball bearing ballast tank band barometer barrier method Barton's pendulum base base quantity base unit basic oxide basicity battery bauxite beaker beam balance Benedict’s test benzene beri-beri Bernoulli’s principle beta particle bicarbonate indicator biceps biconcave lens bicuspid valve Big Bang Theory bile bimetallic strip binary fission binomial system of nomenclature biochemical cycle biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) biochemical reaction biochemistry biodegradable biodegradation biodiversity biogas biogeography

BAHASA MELAYU paksi akson basilus bakteria bakteriofaj corong Baermann keseimbangan alam makanan seimbang/ diet seimbang/ gizi seimbang ekosistem seimbang persamaan seimbang daya terimbang alas bebola tangki balast jalur barometer kaedah halangan bandul Barton bes; tapak kuantiti asas unit asas oksida berbes kebesan bateri bauksit bikar neraca palang ujian Benedict benzena beri-beri prinsip Bernoulli zarah beta penunjuk bikarbonat biseps kanta dwicekung injap bikuspid Teori Letupan Besar hempedu jalur dwilogam pembelahan dedua tatanama binomial kitar biokimia keperluan oksigen biokimia (BOD) tindak balas biokimia biokimia terbiodegradasikan biodegradasi biodiversiti biogas biogeografi

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS biological control biological enzyme biology biomass biosphere biotechnology biotic biotic component bird birth birth control bitumen black box black hole bladder blast furnace blastocyst bleach blind spot blood blood capillaries blood circulatory system blood clotting blood donation blood group blood pressure blood stream blood transfusion blood vessel body coordination body’s defence mechanism boiling boiling point boiling tube bolus bond bone bone tissue Bourdon gauge Bowman’s capsule Boyle’s law brain brass breathing breathing mechanisme breed breeze brittle bromide

BAHASA MELAYU kawalan biologi enzim biologi biologi biojisim biosfera bioteknologi biotik komponen biotik burung kelahiran pencegahan kehamilan bitumen peti hitam lohong hitam pundi relau bagas blastosista luntur bintik buta darah kapilari darah sistem peredaran darah pembekuan darah pendermaan darah kumpulan darah tekanan darah aliran darah pemindahan darah salur darah, pembuluh darah koordinasi badan mekanisme pertahanan badan pendidihan takat didih tabung didih bolus ikatan tulang tisu tulang tolok Bourdon kapsul Bowman hukum Boyle otak loyang pernafasan mekanisme pernafasan biak baka bayu rapuh bromida

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS bromine bronchiole bronchitis bronchus bronze brown ring test Brownian movement budding bulb Bunsen burner buoyancy buoyant force burette burning wooden splinter buttress root calcite calcium calcium carbonate calcium hydroxide calcium oxide calcium silicate callipers, calipers calorie calorific value cancer canine tooth canning capacitor capillarity capillary capillary action capillary effect carbohydrates carbon carbon compound carbon cycle carbon dioxide carbon monoxide carbonate carbonic acid carboxylic acid carcinogen cardiac muscle cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) cardiovascular system carnivore carotene carotenoid carpel

BAHASA MELAYU bromin bronkiol bronkitis bronkus gangsa ujian cincin perang pergerakan Brown pertunasan bebawang; mentol penunu Bunsen keapungan daya apung buret kayu uji bernyala akar banir kalsit kalsium kalsium karbonat kalsium hidroksida kalsium oksida kalsium silikat angkup kalori nilai kalori kanser gigi taring pengetinan kapasitor kekapilarian kapilari tindakan rerambut, tindakan kapilari kesan rerambut, kesan kapilari karbohidrat karbon sebatian karbon kitar karbon karbon dioksida karbon monoksida karbonat asid karbonik asid karboksilik karsinogen otot kardium pemulihan kardiopulmonari sistem kardiovaskular karnivor karotena karotenoid karpel

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS carrageen cartilage Casparian strip cassiterite catabolic reactions catalyst catalytic cracking catchment area cathode cathode ray cathode ray oscilloscope cathode ray tube cation Celcius Celcius scale cell cell body cell cycle cell differentiation cell division cell plate cell requirements cell respiration cell specialisation cell wall cellular component cellular respiration cellulose central nervous system centre of curvature centre of gravity centriole centromere ceramic cerebellum cerebral cortex cerebrum cervix chain reaction characteristic charcoal charge Charles's law cheek cells chemical chemical bond chemical cell chemical changes chemical energy

BAHASA MELAYU karagen rawan jalur Caspary kasiterit tindak balas katabolik mangkin pemecahan bermangkin kawasan tadahan katod sinar katod osiloskop sinar katod tiub sinar katod kation Celsius skala Celsius sel jasad sel, badan sel kitar sel pembezaan sel pembahagian sel plat sel keperluan sel respirasi sel pengkhususan sel dinding sel komponen sel respirasi sel selulosa sistem saraf pusat pusat lengkungan pusat graviti sentriol sentromer seramik serebelum korteks serebrum serebrum serviks tindak balas berantai ciri arang cas hukum Charles sel pipi bahan kimia ikatan kimia sel kimia perubahan kimia tenaga kimia

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS chemical equation chemical formula chemical property chemical reaction chemical-based industry chemistry chemosynthesis chiasma childhood chitin chlorination chlorine chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) chloroform (trichloromethane) chlorophyll chloroplast chlorosis cholera chromatid chromatin chromatography chromosome chromosphere chyme cilium/ cilia circuit circuit- breaker circuit symbol circulatory system clasping roots classification clavicle clay cleaning agent cleansing action cleavage furrow climate climax community clinical thermometer clone cloning closed circuit clot coagulation coal cobalt chloride paper cocaine coccyx cochlea

BAHASA MELAYU persamaan kimia formula kimia sifat kimia tindak balas kimia industri berasaskan kimia kimia kemosintesis kiasma masa kanak-kanak kitin pengklorinan klorin klorofluorokarbon (CFC) kloroform klorofil kloroplas klorosis kolera kromatid kromatin kromatografi kromosom kromosfera kim silium litar pemutus litar simbol litar sistem peredaran akar dakap pengelasan klavikel tanah liat, lempung agen pencuci tindakan pencucian pencerutan iklim komuniti klimaks termometer klinikal klon pengklonan litar tertutup beku penggumpalan arang batu kertas kobalt klorida kokaina koksiks koklea

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS codominant coenzyme cofactor cohesion-adhesion theory coil cold receptor cold-blooded animals coleoptile collagen collector collenchyma colligative property collision colloid colon colonisation/colonization colour blindness coloured filter colouring column chromatography combustibility combustion comet commensalism common cold communication system community compass compatibility compensation point competition complete circuit complex ion complex organism component component vector composite material composition compound concave lens concave mirror concentrated concentrated solution concentration conception conclusion condensation condom conduction (of heat)

BAHASA MELAYU kodominan koenzim kofaktor teori lekitan-lekatan gegelung reseptor sejuk haiwan berdarah sejuk koleoptil kolagen pengumpul kolenkima sifat koligatif perlanggaran koloid kolon pengkolonian buta warna turas warna pewarna kromatografi turus kebolehbakaran pembakaran komet komensalisme selesema sistem komunikasi komuniti kompas keserasian titik pampasan persaingan litar lengkap ion kompleks organisma kompleks komponen vektor komponen bahan komposit komposisi sebatian kanta cekung cermin cekung pekat larutan pekat kepekatan perjaninan kesimpulan kondensasi kondom konduksi

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS conductivity conductor cone cell conical flask conjunctivitis connective tissue conservation conservation of energy conservation of linear momentum conserving electrical energy consistency constant constellation constipation constriction constructive interference consumer consumer unit contact contact process continuous variation contraception contraceptive pill contractile vacuole contraction contrast control controlled mitosis convection converge convex lens convex mirror conveyor belt coolant copper copper carbonate salt copper sulphate solution copulation core of the sun cork cambium corm cornea corona corrosion of metal corrosive corrosive substance corrugated card cortex

BAHASA MELAYU kekonduksian/ konduktiviti konduktor/ pengkonduksi sel kon kelalang kon konjunktivitis tisu penghubung 1. pemuliharaan (alam) 2. keabadian (jisim, tenaga, momentum) keabadian tenaga keabadian momentum linear penjimatan tenaga elektrik ketekalan 1. malar (sifat) 2. pemalar (angka) buruj sembelit pencerutan interferens membina pengguna unit pengguna sentuhan proses sentuh variasi selanjar pencegah hamil pil pencegah hamil vakuol mengecut pengecutan kontras kawalan mitosis terkawal perolakan menumpu kanta cembung cermin cembung sawat penyampai bahan pendingin 1. tembaga (logam) 2. kuprum (unsur) garam kuprum karbonat larutan kuprum sulfat persetubuhan teras matahari kambium gabus umbisi kornea korona kakisan logam mengakis bahan mengakis kad lipatan beralun korteks

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS cost of electrical energy cotyledon countercurrent flow covalent bond covalent compound cracking crenation critical angle crop cross section cross-breeding crossing over cross-pollination crucible crude oil crust crutches crystal crystallisation culture culture medium current current-carrying conductor curved line cuticle cyanide cystic fibrosis cytokinesis cytokinin cytoplasma d.c generator damaged blood vessel damping Daniell cell dark reaction data logger deamination decay decaying process deceleration decompose decomposer decomposition defecation defect of hearing defect of vision deficiency definition deforestation

BAHASA MELAYU kos tenaga elektrik kotiledon aliran arus berlawanan ikatan kovalen sebatian kovalen pemecahan krenasi/pengkrenatan sudut genting tanaman keratan rentas pembiakbakaan kacuk pindah silang pendebungaan kacuk mangkuk pijar minyak mentah kerak topang ketiak hablur penghabluran kultur medium kultur arus konduktor membawa arus garis melengkung kutikel sianida fibrosis sista sitokinesis sitokinin sitoplasma penjana a.t. salur darah tercedera pelembapan sel Daniell tindak balas gelap pengelog data pendeaminaan reput proses pereputan nyahpecutan urai pengurai penguraian; pereputan penyahtinjaan cacat pendengaran cacat penglihatan kekurangan definisi pembasmian hutan

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS deforestation deformity degree Celcius dehydration dendrite density deoxygenated blood deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) dependent variable depletion depolymerisation depth derived quantity dermis desalination descending order destructive interference detection detergent determine development diabasic acid diabetes dialysis dialysis machine diaphragm (birth control) diaphragm (muscle) diarrhoea diastole diatomic molecule dicotyledons diesel diesel generator diffraction diffusion digestion digestive juices digestive system dilation dilute dilute acids dilute solution diode diploid direct current (d.c.) direct current motor disaccharide discharge discontinuous variation

BAHASA MELAYU pembasmian hutan kecacatan darjah Celcius pendehidratan dendrit 1. kepadatan (populasi) 2. ketumpatan (jisim) darah nyahoksigen asid deoksiribonukleik (DNA) pemboleh ubah bersandar kesusutan penyahpolimeran kedalaman kuantiti terbitan dermis penyahgaraman tertib menurun interferens memusnah pengesanan detergen menentukan pembangunan; perkembangan asid dwibes diabetes, kencing manis dialisis mesin dialisis diafragma diafragma cirit birit diastole molekul dwiatom dikotiledon diesel penjana diesel 1. belauan (hasil) 2. pembelauan (proses) peresapan pencernaan jus pencernaan sistem pencernaan pembesaran/ pendilatan cair asid cair larutan cair diod diploid arus terus (a.t.) motor arus terus disakarida 1. lelehan 2. nyahcas variasi tak selanjar

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS discrete disease disinfectant displacement displacement of halogen displacement of metal displacement reaction dissolve dissolved oxygen (D.O) distance distant object distillate distillation distilled water distribution divalent anion divalent cation diverge diversify DNA finger printing domestic use domestic waste dominance dominant dominant characteristic doping dorsal dot and cross diagram double circulatory system double fertilisation/double fertilization double helix Down syndrome dropper drug drug abuse dry cell dry ice duct ductile ductility dull duodenum duplet electron arrangement duplication dust dwarf star dwarfism dynamics dynamics track

BAHASA MELAYU diskret penyakit penyahjangkit, bahan nyahjangkit, disinfektan 1. sesaran (hasil) 2. penyesaran (proses) sesaran halogen sesaran logam tindak balas penyesaran larut oksigen terlarut jarak objek jauh sulingan penyulingan air suling taburan anion dwivalen kation dwivalen mencapah mempelbagaikan cap jari DNA kegunaan domestik sisa domestik kedominanan dominan ciri dominan pengedopan dorsal rajah titik silang sistem peredaran ganda dua persenyawaan ganda dua heliks ganda dua sindrom Down penitis 1. dadah 2. ubat penyalahgunaan dadah sel kering ais kering duktus mulur kemuluran pudar duodenum susunan electron duplet penduaan habuk bintang kerdil kekerdilan dinamik landasan dinamik

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS dynamo ear canal eardrum earth earth leakage circuit breaker (ELCB) earth wire earth’s crust earthenware eating habit ecdysis echo eclipse eclipse of the moon eclipse of the sun ecological niche ecology ecosystem ectoderm effective collision effective resistance effector efficiency efficient effort ejaculatory duct elastic potential energy elasticity electric charge electric circuit electric conductivity electric meter electric motor electric shock electrical accident electrical charge electrical energy electrical energy transmission electrical power electrical signals electricity electricity grid electrochemical cell electrochemical industry electrochemical series electrode electrolysis electrolyte electrolytic cell electromagnet

BAHASA MELAYU dinamo salur telinga gegendang telinga bumi pemutus litar kebocoran bumi wayar bumi kerak bumi tembikar tabiat makan ekdisis gema gerhana gerhana bulan gerhana matahari nic ekologi ekologi ekosistem ektoderma perlanggaran berkesan rintangan berkesan efektor kecekapan cekap daya duktus ejakulasi tenaga keupayaan kenyal kekenyalan cas elektrik litar elektrik kekonduksian elektrik/ konduktiviti elektrik meter elektrik motor elektrik renjatan elektrik kemalangan elektrik cas elektrik tenaga elektrik penghantaran tenaga elektrik kuasa elektrik isyarat elektrik keelektrikan; elektrik grid elektrik sel elektrokimia industri elektrokimia siri elektrokimia elektrod elektrolisis elektrolit sel elektrolisis elektromagnet

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS electromagnetic induction electromagnetic spectrum electromagnetic wave electromagnetism electromotive force (e.m.f) electron electron configuration electron flow electron gun electronegative electronic balance electronics electroplating electropositive electrorefining electroscope electrostatic electrostatic force element elliptical galaxy embryo embryo sac emitter emotional changes emphysema empirical formulae emulsion endangered species endocrine system endoplasmic reticulum (ER) endoskeleton endosperm endothermic endothermic reaction energy energy change/energy conversion energy converter energy efficiency energy profile diagram energy requirement enthalpy enthalpy of combustion environment environmental factors environmental pollution enzyme epidermis epididymis epiglottis

BAHASA MELAYU aruhan elektromagnet spektrum elektromagnet gelombang elektromagnet keelektromagnetan daya gerak elektrik (d.g.e) elektron konfigurasi elektron aliran elektron senapang elektron elektronegatif neraca elektronik elektronik penyaduran elektrik elektropositif penulenan logam/ pengelektrotulenan elektroskop elektrostatik daya elektrostatik unsur galaksi elips embrio pundi embrio pemancar perubahan emosi emfisema formula empirik emulsi spesies terancam sistem endokrin retikulum endoplasma rangka dalam endosperma endoterma tindak balas endoterma tenaga perubahan tenaga penukar tenaga kecekapan tenaga gambar rajah profil tenaga keperluan tenaga entalpi entalpi pembakaran alam sekitar, persekitaran faktor persekitaran pencemaran alam sekitar; pencemaran persekitaran enzim epidermis epididimis epiglotis

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS epiphyte epithelial cell epithelial tissue epithelium equilibrium equivalence point erector muscle error erythrocyte erythrocyte ester esterification ethanol ethylene euglena eureka can Eustachian tube eutrophication evaporation evolution excessive consumption excretion excretory organ excretory system exhalation exhaled air exoskeleton exothermic exothermic reaction expansion experiment explosion explosive explosives exponential rate extension external callipers external environment external fertilization/ external fertilisation extinction extracellular digestion extracellular enzyme extracellular route extraction facilitated diffusion faeces Fallopian tube family tree fat

BAHASA MELAYU epifit sel epitelium tisu epitelium epitelium keseimbangan titik kesetaraan otot erektor ralat eritrosit eritrosit ester pengesteran etanol etilena euglena bekas eureka tiub Eustachio eutrofikasi penyejatan evolusi pengambilan berlebihan perkumuhan organ perkumuhan sistem perkumuhan hembusan nafas udara hembusan eksoskeleton/ rangka luar eksoterma tindak balas eksoterma pengembangan eksperimen letupan mudah meletup bahan letupan kadar eksponen pemanjangan angkup luar persekitaran luar persenyawaan luar kepupusan pencernaan luar sel enzim luar sel laluan luar sel pengekstrakan resapan berbantu tinja tiub Fallopio salasilah keluarga lemak

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS fatty acid fauna fauna feather fermentation fern ferromagnetism ferrous ion ferrum fertile phase fertilization/ fertilisation fertilizer/ fertiliser fibre/fiber fibroblast fibrous roots filament filter funnel filter paper filtrate filtration fin fire alarm first class lever fish fixed variable flagellum flame flammability flare flash flood flask flat bottom flask flavouring Fleming’s left hand rule Fleming’s right hand rule float flora flower flowering plant fluid fluorescence fluoridation fluoride focal length focal point foetus follicle food chain food classes

BAHASA MELAYU asid lemak fauna fauna bulu pelepah penapaian paku pakis feromagnetisme, keferomagnetan ion ferus ferum fasa subur persenyawaan baja serat fibroblas akar serabut filamen corong turas kertas turas turasan penurasan sirip penggera kebakaran tuas kelas pertama ikan pemboleh ubah ditetapkan flagelum nyala/lidah api kemudahbakaran nyala banjir kilat kelalang kelalang dasar rata bahan perisa peraturan tangan kiri Fleming peraturan tangan kanan Fleming pengapungan flora bunga tumbuhan berbunga bendalir pendarfluor pemfluoridaan fluorida jarak fokus titik fokus fetus folikel rantai makanan kelas makanan

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS food digestion food poisoning food processing food pyramid food resource food spoilage food test food web force force multiplier force of attraction forceps forces in equilibrium formalin forward bias fossil fossil fuel four stroke engine fraction fractional distillation fraternal twins free fall free radical freeze-drying freezing freezing point frequency frequency modulation friction frictional force fruit fuel fuel cell fuel heat value fulcrum full wave rectification fume chamber function functional group fungus furnace fuse fuse box galaxy gall bladder gallstone galvanization/ galvanisation galvanometer gamete

BAHASA MELAYU pencernaan makanan keracunan makanan pemprosesan makanan piramid makanan sumber makanan kerosakan makanan ujian makanan jaringan makanan daya pengganda daya daya tarikan forseps keseimbangan daya formalin pincangan ke depan fosil bahan api fosil enjin empat lejang pecahan penyulingan berperingkat kembar tak seiras jatuh bebas radikal bebas pengeringan sejuk beku pembekuan takat beku frekuensi/ kekerapan modulasi frekuensi geseran daya geseran buah bahan api sel bahan api nilai haba bahan api fulkrum rektifikasi gelombang penuh kebuk wasap fungsi kumpulan berfungsi kulat relau fius kotak suis galaksi pundi hempedu batu karang galvanisasi galvanometer gamet

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) gamma ray gas gas turbine generator gas under high pressure gaseous exchange gastric juice gastrin gastritis gastroesophageal sphincter gate Geiger-Muller tube gene generator genetic engineering genetic modification genetics genotype genus geographic isolation geology geothermal energy geotropism germination gestation gestation period giant star gill global warming glowing wooden splinter glucose glyceride glycerol glycogen glycoprotein goblet cell goiter/goitre gold Golgi body gonorrhea graduated measuring cylinder graphite gravitational field gravitational force gravitational potential energy gravity green house effect ground system ground water

BAHASA MELAYU pemindahan gamet ke dalam tiub Fallopio sinar gamma gas penjana gas turbin gas di bawah tekanan tinggi pertukaran gas jus gaster gastrin gastritis sfinkter gastroesofagus get tiub Geiger-Muller gen penjana kejuruteraan genetik pengubahsuaian genetik kajian genetik genotip genus pengasingan geografi geologi tenaga geoterma geotropisme percambahan kehamilan/ kebuntingan tempoh kehamilan bintang raksasa insang pemanasan global kayu uji berbara glukosa gliserida gliserol glikogen glikoprotein sel goblet goiter/beguk emas jasad Golgi gonorea silinder penyukat bersenggat grafit medan graviti daya graviti tenaga keupayaan graviti graviti kesan rumah hijau sistem asas air bawah tanah

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS group growth growth curve growth rate growth spurt guanine guard cell gut guttation gynoecium habitat haematite haematologist haemoglobin haemophilia haemorrhoids half wave rectification half-life halide halogen halogenation haploid hard water hardness harnessing energy source hazard symbol haze hearing heart heart valve heartbeat heat heat capacity heat change heat energy heat flow heat insulator heat of combustion heat of displacement heat of precipitation heat of reaction heat receptor helium helper T-cell herbaceous herbaceous plant herbicide herbivore hereditary factors

BAHASA MELAYU kumpulan pertumbuhan lengkung pertumbuhan kadar pertumbuhan pertumbuhan pesat; lonjakan pertumbuhan guanina sel pengawal salur makanan gutasi ginesium habitat hematit ahli hematologi hemoglobin hemofilia buasir rektifikasi gelombang separa setengah-hayat halida halogen penghalogenan haploid air liat 1. kekerasan 2. keliatan (air) penyadapan sumber tenaga simbol amaran bahaya jerebu pendengaran jantung injap jantung degupan jantung haba muatan haba perubahan haba tenaga haba pengaliran haba penebat haba haba pembakaran haba penyesaran haba pemendakan haba tindak balas reseptor haba helium T-sel bantu herba tumbuhan herba herbisid herbivor faktor kewarisan

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS heterogametic sex heterogeneous heterogeneous mixture heterotroph heterotrophic heterozygous hibernation hierarchy histamine holdfast root holozoic homeostasis homogeneous homogeneous mixture homoiothermal homolog homologous Hooke’s law hormonal imbalance hormone host hovercraft human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) human system humidity humus hydra hydraulic brake hydraulic jack hydraulic system hydride ion hydrocarbon hydrochloric acid hydroelectric generator hydroelectric power station hydrogen hydrogen carbonate indicator hydrogen peroxide hydrogenation hydrolysis hydronium ion hydrophilic hydrophobic hydrophytic leaves hydroponics hydrosphere hydrostatic skeleton hydrotropism hydroxide

BAHASA MELAYU seks heterogamet heterogen campuran heterogen heterotrof heterotrofik heterozigot hibernasi/ penghibernatan hierarki histamina akar cengkam holozoik homeostasis homogen campuran homogen homoioterma homolog homolog hukum Hooke ketakseimbangan hormon hormon perumah hoverkraf virus imunodefisiensi manusia (HIV) sistem manusia kelembapan humus hidra brek hidraulik jek hidraulik sistem hidraulik ion hidrida hidrokarbon asid hidroklorik penjana hidroelektrik stesen kuasa hidroelektrik hidrogen penunjuk hidrogen karbonat hidrogen peroksida penghidrogenan hidrolisis ion hidronium hidrofilik hidrofobik daun hidrofitik hidroponik hidrosfera rangka hidrostatik hidrotopisme hidroksida

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS hydroxyl hygroscopic hypertonic hypha hypochlorite acid hypothalamus hypothesis hypotonic ice identical identical twins identify ileum image image distance immiscible immovable joint immune system immunisation immunity immunoglobulin impact impaired impaired blood clotting impermeable implantation impulse impulsive force impurity in vitro fertilisation/ in vitro fertilization incisor incline inclined plane incompatibility independent variable indicator induced current induced e.m.f inductor industrial waste inert inert gas inertia inertia balance infancy infection inference inflammation information technology

BAHASA MELAYU hidroksil higroskopik hipertonik hifa asid hipoklorit hipotalamus hipotesis hipotonik ais seiras kembar seiras mengenal pasti ileum imej jarak imej tak larut campur sendi tak bergerak sistem imun pengimunan keimunan imunoglobulin hentaman terjejas pembekuan darah terjejas tak telap penempelan impuls daya impuls bendasing persenyawaan in vitro gigi kacip condong satah condong ketakserasian pemboleh ubah tak bersandar penunjuk arus teraruh daya gerak elektrik (d.g.e) teraruh induktor bahan buangan industri/ sisa industri lengai/nadir gas lengai/ gas nadir inersia neraca inersia masa bayi jangkitan inferens radang teknologi maklumat

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS infrared ray ingestion inhalation inhaled air inheritance inorganic compound insect insulator insulin integumentary system intensity interactions between living organism intercellular digestion interconversion intercostals muscle interdependence interference interference patterns interferon intermolecular force internal callipers internal environment internal resistance international color code Internet interneurone internode interpret interstitial fluid intestinal juice intestine intracellular enzyme intramolecular force intrauterine contraceptive device (iucd) invertebrate investigation involuntary action iodine test ion ionic bond ionic compound ionic dissociation ionic equation ionic formula ionization energy iris iron iron lung irraditation

BAHASA MELAYU sinar inframerah pengingesan penyedutan; penarikan nafas udara penarikan nafas pewarisan sebatian tak organik serangga penebat insulin sistem integumen keamatan interaksi antara organisma hidup pencernaan intraselular perubahan keadaan; saling berubah otot interkosta saling bersandaran interferens/gangguan corak interferens interferon daya antara molekul angkup dalam persekitaran dalam rintangan dalam kod warna antarabangsa Internet interneuron ruas mentafsir bendalir interstis jus usus usus enzim intrasel daya intramolekul alat kontraseptif dalam rahim (IUD) invertebrat penyiasatan tindakan luar kawal ujian iodin ion ikatan ion sebatian ion penceraian ion persamaan ion formula ion tenaga pengionan iris besi peparu besi penyinaran

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS irreversible isoelectronic isomers isoprene isothermal isotonic isotope isotopic abundance IUPAC nomenclature jejunum joint Joule Joule meter J-tube kaolin karyotype Kelvin keratin keratinocyte kerosene kidney kidney stone kilogram kilowatt-hour kinetic energy kinetic theory of matter Klinefelter’s syndrome knee jerk krypton kwashiorkor laboratory lacteal lactid acid lactose intolerance land breeze land plant landslide Langerhans islets Langerhans’ cell lanthanide large intestine larva larynx latent heat latent heat of fusion latent heat of vapourization/ latent heat of vapourisation lateral root latex

BAHASA MELAYU tak berbalik isoelektronik isomer isoprena isoterma isotonik isotop ketumpatan isotop tatanama IUPAC jejunum sendi Joule meter Joule tiub-J kaolin kariotip Kelvin keratin keratinosit kerosin ginjal/buah pinggang batu karang kilogram kilowatt-jam tenaga kinetik teori kinetik jirim sindrom Klinefelter sentakan lutut kripton kwasyiorkor makmal lakteal asid laktik tak tolerans laktosa bayu darat tumbuhan darat tanah runtuh pepulau Langerhans sel Langerhans lantanida usus besar larva larinks haba pendam haba pendam pelakuran haba pendam pengewapan akar sisi susu getah/ lateks

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS lattice law of conservation of mass lead lead-acid accumulators leaf leaf primordia leaf veins left-handed length lens lenticel Lenz's law leukaemia lever lever balance Lewis structure lichen lift force ligament ligation light light dispersion light energy light filter light intensity light reaction light scattering light year lightning lightning conductor lime lime water limestone limiting factor limition of hearing line of force linkage lipase lipid liquid lithosphere litmus paper litre live wire liver livestock living process load locomotion

BAHASA MELAYU kekisi prinsip keabadian jisim plumbum akumulator asid-plumbum daun primordium daun vena daun kidal panjang kanta lentisel hukum Lenz leukemia tuas/tuil neraca tuas/dacing tuil/neraca tuil struktur Lewis liken daya angkat ligamen ligasi cahaya; ringan penyebaran cahaya tenaga cahaya turas cahaya keamatan cahaya tindak balas cahaya penyerakan cahaya tahun cahaya kilat konduktor kilat/pengkonduksi kilat kapur; limau nipis air kapur batu kapur faktor pengehad had pendengaran garis daya rangkaian/pautan/kaitan lipase lipid cecair litosfera kertas litmus liter wayar hidup/dawai hidup hati ternakan proses kehidupan beban; muatan gerak alih

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS logic circuit logic gate longitudinal section longitudinal wave long-sightedness/longsightedness loop of Henle loudness luminosity lung lungfish luteal phase luteinizing hormone (LH) lymph lymph heart lymphatic circulation lymphatic nodes lymphatic system lymphocyte lysis lysosome machine macromolecule macronutrient macrophage magnalium magnet magnetic field magnetic flux magnetic force magnetic pole magnetism

BAHASA MELAYU litar logik get logik keratan membujur gelombang membujur rabun dekat gelung Henle kenyaringan kekilauan paru-paru ikan peparu fasa luteum hormon peluteinan(LH) limfa jantung limfa peredaran limfa nodus limfa sistem limfa limfosit lisis lisosom mesin makromolekul makronutrien makrofaj magnalium magnet medan magnet fluks magnet daya magnet kutub magnet kemagnetan

magnification magnifying glass magnitude make generalisation malachite malleability malleable malnutrition

pembesaran kanta pembesar magnitud mengitlak malakit ketertempaan boleh tempa malnutrisi/kekurangan zat makanan

mammal manganese mangrove mangrove swamp manipulated variable manometer mantle marble marine park

mamalia mangan bakau paya bakau pembolehubah dimanipulasikan manometer mantel marmar taman laut 27

DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS mass mass balance mass number mass spectrometer matter measurement measuring cylinder mechanical energy medium medulla medulla oblongata medusa megaspore mother cell meiosis melanin melting melting point Mendel’s law menopause menstrual cycle menstruation mental stress meristematic tissue mesoderm mesophyll metabolic compound metabolic pathway metabolic process metabolism metabolite metal metal displacement metallic bond metalloid metamorphosis metaphase meteor meteorite meteoroid methyl orange methylene blue solution metre micrometer screw gauge micronutrient microorganism micropyle microscope microsporangia microspore

BAHASA MELAYU jisim neraca jisim nombor jisim spektrometer jisim jirim ukuran/sukatan silinder penyukat tenaga mekanik medium medula medula oblongata medusa sel induk megaspora meiosis melanin peleburan takat lebur hukum Mendel putus haid/menopaus kitaran haid haid tekanan minda tisu meristem mesoderma mesofil sebatian metabolisme laluan metabolisme proses metabolisme metabolisme metabolit logam penyesaran logam ikatan logam metaloid metamorfosis metafasa meteor meteorit meteoroid metil jingga larutan metilena biru meter mikrometer tolok skru mikronutrien mikroorganisma mikropil mikroskop mikrosporangium mikrospora

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS microvillus microwave midbrain migration Milky Way Millon's test mineral mineral acid miniature circuit breaker(MCB) miscibility miscible mismanagement mitochondria mitosis mitotic spindle mixing of pigments mixture modulation Mohs' scale molar molar heat capacity molar mass molar volume molarity mole molecular biology molecular formula molecular geometry molecule molten moment of a force momentum monobase acid monochromatic monoculture monocytes monohybrid cross monomer monoprotic acid monosaccharide motion sensor motor neurone motor output motor pathway/ efferent pathway motor units moving-coil ammeter mucus multicellular organisms muscle cramp

BAHASA MELAYU mikrovilus mikrogelombang otak tengah migrasi/penghijrahan Bima Sakti ujian Millon mineral asid mineral pemutus litar miniatur kelarutcampuran larut campur salah urus mitokondria mitosis gelendong mitosis pencampuran pigmen campuran modulasi skala Mohs molar muatan haba molar jisim molar isi padu molar kemolaran mol biologi molekul formula molekul geometri molekul molekul lebur momen daya momentum asid monobes monokromatik monokultur monosit kacukan monohibrid monomer asid monoprotik monosakarida penderia gerakan neuron motor keluaran motor laluan motor/ laluan eferen unit motor ammeter gegelung bergerak mukus organisma multisel kejang otot

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS muscle fibre muscular system mutation mutualism myelin sheath naphthalene nasal cavity nastic movement national grid network natural gas natural phenomenon natural resources natural rubber nebula nectar negative feedback nerve nerve net nervous system net force neural tube neurotransmitter neutral (charge) neutral (pH) neutral wire neutralisation/neutralization neutron neutron star Newton Newton’s first law of motion Newton’s second law of motion Newton’s third law of motion niche niche overlap nickel-cadmium battery nicotine nitrite nitrogen nitrogen bond nitrogen cycle nitrogen fixation nitrogenous waste nobel gas nodal line node nomenclature nondisjunction non-electrolyte non-flowering plant

BAHASA MELAYU gentian otot sistem otot mutasi mutualisme/kesalingan salut mielin naftalena rongga nasal gerakan nasti jaringan grid nasional gas asli fenomena alam sumber semula jadi getah asli nebula nektar suap balik negatif saraf jaring saraf sistem saraf daya bersih tiub saraf neurotransmiter neutral (cas) neutral (pH) dawai neutral peneutralan neutron bintang neutron Newton hukum gerakan Newton pertama hukum gerakan Newton kedua hukum gerakan Newton ketiga nic pertindihan nic bateri kadmium-nikel nikotina nitrit nitrogen ikatan nitrogen kitar nitrogen pengikatan nitrogen sisa bernitrogen gas adi garis nod nodus; nod tatanama ketakterpisahan bukan elektrolit tumbuhan tak berbunga

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS non-reducing sugar non-renewable energy sources non-vascular plants normal line normal reaction nose nostril NOT logic circuit notochord n-p-n transistor n-type semiconductor nuclear binding energy nuclear energy nuclear fission nuclear fusion nuclear power station nuclear reactor nucleation nucleic acid nucleon number nucleotide nucleotide sequences nucleus nucleus area nuclide nutrient nutrition nyctinasty nylon obesity object distance observable change

BAHASA MELAYU gula bukan penurun sumber tenaga tak boleh dibaharui tumbuhan tak vaskular garis normal tindak balas normal hidung lubang hidung litar logik TAK notokord transistor n-p-n semikonduktor jenis-n tenaga pengikatan nukleus 1. tenaga nukleus 2. tenaga nuklear pembelahan nukleus; pembelahan nuklear pelakuran nuklear stesen kuasa nuklear reaktor nuklear penukleusan asid nukleik nombor nukleon nukleotida jujukan nukleotida nukleus kawasan nukleus nuklid nutrien pemakanan niktinasti nilon keobesan/ obesiti jarak objek perubahan dapat diperhatikan/ perubahan dapat dicerap

observe octet electron arrangement octet rule odour oesophagus oestrogen offspring Ohm Ohm’s law oil spill oleic acid oleum omnivore oocyte open circuit optic nerve

perhati; cerap susunan electron oktet peraturan oktet bau esofagus estrogen zuriat Ohm hukum Ohm tumpahan minyak asid oleik oleum omnivor oosit litar terbuka saraf optik

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS optical centre optical fibre optical illusion optical instrument optimum OR logic circuit orbit order ore organ organelle organic compound organic solvent organism oscillation osmoregulation osmosis osmotic pressure ossicles osteoarthritis osteocyte osteoporosis Ostwald process outer space ovary oviduct ovulation ovule ovum oxidation oxidation number oxidation state oxide oxidizing agent oxygen oxygen cycle oxygenated blood oxyhaemoglobin oxytocin ozone depletion ozone layer palisade pancreas pancreatic islet pancreatic juice paraffin parallax error parallel circuit paramecium

BAHASA MELAYU pusat optik gentian optik ilusi optik alat optik optimum litar logik ATAU orbit tertib bijih organ organel sebatian organik pelarut organik organisma ayunan osmoregulasi/ osmokawalaturan osmosis tekanan osmosis osikel osteoartritis osteosit osteoporosis proses Ostwald angkasa lepas ovari oviduktus pengovulan/ ovulasi ovul ovum pengoksidaan nombor pengoksidaan keadaan pengoksidaan oksida agen pengoksidaan oksigen kitar oksigen darah beroksigen oksihemoglobin oksitosin kesusutan ozon/ penipisan ozon lapisan ozon palisad pankreas pepulau pankreas jus pankreas parafin ralat paralaks litar selari paramesium

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS parasite parasitism parasympathetic system partial pressure particle particulate parts per million (ppm) Pascal’s principle passive transport pasteurisation/pasteurization pathogen pathway of water peak current peak voltage pectin pectoral girdle pedigree analysis pelvic girdle pelvis pendulum penetration power penicillin penis pepsin pepsinogen peptic ulcer peptide percentage coverage perennial period periodic table periodic trend peripheral nervous system periscope peristalsis permanent hardness permanganate permeability pesticides petal petrochemical petroleum petroleum fraction pH pH scale phagocyte phagocytosis pharmacology phase

BAHASA MELAYU parasit parasitisme sistem parasimpatetik tekanan separa zarah zarahan bahagian per juta prinsip Pascal pengangkutan pasif pempasteuran patogen laluan air arus puncak voltan puncak pektin girdel pektoral analisis pedigri girdel pelvis pelvis bandul kuasa tembus penisilin zakar pepsin pepsinogen ulser peptik peptida peratus liputan perenial kala; tempoh; haid jadual berkala arah aliran jadual berkala sistem saraf periferi periskop peristalsis kekerasan kekal permanganat ketelapan pestisid ranggi petrokimia petroleum pecahan petroleum pH skala pH fagosit fagositosis farmakologi fasa

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS phase change phenolphthalein phenotype phloem phosphate phosphorus photochemistry photochromic glass photogate photogate tape photographic paper photosensitive chemical photosphere photosynthesis phototrophs phototropism physical change physical property physical quantity physical state physics phytoplankton pigment pile driver pin hole camera pioneer pipette pistil pitch pith pituitary gland pivot placenta placental mammal planaria plane plane mirror plane reflector plane wave planet plankton planktonic organism plant plasma plasma cell plasma membrane plasmolysis plasticity plastid

BAHASA MELAYU perubahan fasa fenolftalein fenotip floem fosfat fosforus fotokimia kaca fotokroma fotoget pita fotoget kertas fotografi bahan kimia fotopeka fotosfera fotosintesis fototrof fototropisme perubahan fizikal sifat fizikal kuantiti fizikal keadaan fizikal fizik fitoplankton pigmen pelantak cerucuk kamera lubang jarum perintis pipet pistil pic/ kelangsingan bunyi empulur kelenjar pituitari pangsi plasenta mamalia berplasenta planaria satah cermin satah pemantul satah gelombang satah planet plankton organisma plankton tumbuhan plasma sel plasma membran plasma plasmolisis keplastikan plastid

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS platelet pleura pleural cavity plumule p-n junction pneumonia poikilotherm polar covalent bond polarisation/polarization pollen pollen grains pollen tube pollinating agent pollination pollutant pollution polymer polymerase chain reaction (PCR) polymerization polynucleotide polysaccharide polythene rod population positive feedback control posterior potassium potential difference potential energy power precipitate precipitation reaction precision predator predict prefix pregnancy premenstrual syndrome (PMS) premolar prenatal testing prescription preservation preservative pressure pressure law prevention prey primary body primary cell wall primary coil

BAHASA MELAYU platlet pleura rongga pleura plumul simpang p-n pneumonia poikiloterma ikatan kovalen berkutub pengutuban debunga butir debunga tiub debunga agen pendebungaan pendebungaan bahan pencemar pencemaran polimer tindak balas rantai polimerase pempolimeran polinukleotida polisakarida rod politena populasi kawalan suap balik positif posterior kalium beza keupayaan tenaga keupayaan kuasa mendakan tindak balas pemendakan kepersisan pemangsa meramal imbuhan kehamilan sindrom prahaid geraham kecil ujian pranatal preskripsi pemeliharaan; pengawetan bahan awet tekanan hukum tekanan pencegahan mangsa jasad primer dinding sel primer gegelung primer

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS primary colours primary consumer primary growth primary macronutrient primary meristem primary root primary voltage primate principal axis principle of conservation of momentum principle of independent assortment principle of segregation principle of superposition procedure process producer product progesterone prokaryote prolactin prominence prop root propagation propane prophase proprioceptor prostate gland protease protein proton proton number protoplasm protozoa pseudopodium puberty pulley pulmonary artery pulmonary circuit pulmonary vein pulse pupil pure substance purification purification of substance pyramid of numbers pyrophoric quadrat qualitative analysis quantitative analysis

BAHASA MELAYU warna primer pengguna primer pertumbuhan primer makronutrien primer meristem primer akar primer voltan primer primat paksi utama prinsip keabadian momentum prinsip pengaturan bebas prinsip segregasi prinsip superposisi prosedur proses pengeluar hasil tindak balas; produk/ hasil progesteron prokariot prolaktin prominens akar sokong perambatan propana profasa proprioseptor kelenjar prostat protease protein proton nombor proton protoplasma protozoa pseudopodium baligh takal arteri pulmonari litar pulmonari vena pulmonari nadi anak mata/pupil bahan tulen penulenan penulenan bahan piramid nombor piroforik kuadrat analisis kualitatif analisis kuantitatif

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS quartz quicklime radially symmetrical radiation radicle radio wave radioactive decay radioactive residue radioactive substance radioactive waste radioactivity radioisotope random random error rate of heartbeat rate of reaction rate of transpiration ray diagram reactant reaction reaction rate reactivity series real depth real image receptor recessive recombination rectification rectum recycle red blood cell red giant redox reaction reducing agent reducing sugar reduction reflection reflex action reflex arc refraction refractive index regeneration region of division regulation regulatory mechanism relative atomic mass relative humidity relative molecular mass relay neurone

BAHASA MELAYU kuarza kapur tohor simetri jejari sinaran radikel gelombang radio reputan radioaktif sisa radioaktif bahan radioaktif sisa radioaktif keradioaktifan radioisotop rawak ralat rawak kadar denyutan jantung kadar tindak balas kadar transpirasi gambar rajah sinar bahan tindak balas tindak balas kadar tindak balas siri kereaktifan dalam nyata imej nyata reseptor resesif penggabungan semula rektifikasi rektum kitar semula sel darah merah raksasa merah tindak balas redoks agen penurunan gula penurun penurunan pantulan tindakan refleks arka refleks pembiasan indeks biasan 1. penjanaan semula 2. pertumbuhan semula kawasan pembahagian sel pengawalaturan, kawal atur mekanisme kawal atur jisim atom relatif kelembapan relatif jisim molekul relatif neuron perantaraan

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS remote sensing renewable energy source renin replication reproduce reproduction reproductive cell reproductive system reptile residue resistance resistor resolution of force resonance resource respiration respiratory mechanism respiratory structures respiratory surface respiratory system responding variable response resultant force retardation retina reverse bias reverse transcription reversible revolution per minute (rpm) rheostat Rhesus factor rheumatoid arthritis

BAHASA MELAYU penderiaan jauh sumber tenaga boleh dibaharui renin replikasi membiak pembiakan sel pembiakan sistem pembiakan reptilia baki/ sisa rintangan perintang leraian daya resonans sumber respirasi mekanisme respirasi struktur respirasi permukaan respirasi sistem respirasi pemboleh ubah bergerak balas gerak balas daya paduan pelambatan; perencatan retina pincangan songsang transkripsi songsang berbalik putaran per minit (ppm) reostat faktor Rhesus artritis reumatoid

rhizome rhodopsin rib cage ribonucleic acid (RNA) ribosome rickets right hand grip rule right hand screw rule ringworm ripple tank RNA transcript rock rod cell root root cap root hair root mean square voltage

rizom rodopsin sangkar rusuk asid ribonukleik (RNA) ribosom riket petua genggaman tangan kanan petua skru tangan kanan kurap tangki riak transkrip RNA batuan sel rod akar jidal akar akar rambut voltan punca min kuasa dua

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS root pressure root-leaf-vascular system axis roughage ruminant runner rust rusting S phase S.I. unit saliva salivary amylase salivary gland salt salt bridge sample sampling technique sand saponification saprophyte satellite saturated saturated compound saturated fats saturated solution scalar quantity scale Schwann cell scientific investigation scientific method scientific notation scientific process sclerenchyma scrotum scurvy sea breeze sebum second class lever secondary (lateral) meristem secondary coil secondary colour secondary consumer secondary growth secondary macronutrient secondary phloem secondary voltage secondary xylem sediment sedimentary rock sedimentation

BAHASA MELAYU tekanan akar paksi sistem vaskular-akar-daun pelawas ruminan batang rayap karat pengaratan fasa S unit S.I. air liur amilase liur kelenjar liur garam titian garam sampel teknik pensampelan pasir saponifikasi saprofit satelit tepu sebatian tepu lemak tepu larutan tepu kuantiti skalar sisik; skala sel Schwann penyiasatan saintifik kaedah saintifik tatatanda saintifik proses saintifik sklerenkima skrotum skurvi bayu laut sebum tuas kelas kedua meristem sisi gegelung sekunder warna sekunder pengguna sekunder pertumbuhan sekunder makronutrien sekunder floem sekunder voltan sekunder xilem sekunder enapan batuan enap pengenapan

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS seed seed coat segment selective breeding selectively permeable self-pollination semen semiconductor semiconductor diode semiconservative replication seminal vesicle seminiferous tubules sensitivity sensory neurone sensory organ sensory pathway/ afferent pathway sepal series circuit sex chromosome sex determination sex hormone sex-linked inheritance sexual intercourse sexual reproduction sexually transmitted disease shell short circuit short-sightedness sight silica silicate silicon dioxide silicone silver oxide-mercury battery simple cell simple diffusion simulation single mode optical fibre sink siphon skeletal muscle skeletal system skeleton skin slaked lime small intestine smooth muscle soap sodium

BAHASA MELAYU biji benih kulit biji segmen pembiakbakaan pilihan ketelapan terpilih pendebungaan sendiri semen semikonduktor diod semikonduktor replikasi separa konservatif vesikel semen tubul sperma kepekaan neuron deria organ deria laluan deria/ laluan aferen sepal litar bersiri kromosom seks penentuan seks hormon seks pewarisan terangkai seks persetubuhan pembiakan seks penyakit jangkitan seks cangkerang litar pintas rabun jauh penglihatan silika silikat silikon dioksida silikon bateri argentum oksida-merkuri sel ringkas resapan ringkas simulasi gentian optik mod tunggal tenggelam sifon otot rangka sistem rangka rangka kulit kapur mati usus kecil otot licin sabun natrium

40

DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS sodium hydroxide software soil solar cell solar eclipse solar energy solar flare solar system solar wind solenoid solid solidification solubility solubility in water soluble solute solution solvent somatic soot sootiness sound sound energy sound wave source space space probe space telescope species specific heat capacity specific latent heat specific latent heat of fusion specific latent heat of vapourisation/ specific latent heat of vapourization specimen spectrum speed sperm sperm duct spinal cord spindle fibres spore spore formation spring balance stabiliser stability stalactite stalagmite stamen

BAHASA MELAYU natrium hidroksida perisian tanah sel suria gerhana matahari tenaga suria nyalaan suria sistem suria angin suria solenoid pepejal pemejalan kelarutan kelarutan dalam air terlarutkan/boleh larut bahan terlarut larutan pelarut soma jelaga kejelagaan bunyi tenaga bunyi gelombang bunyi sumber ruang prob angkasa lepas teleskop angkasa lepas spesies muatan haba tentu haba pendam tentu haba pendam tentu pelakuran haba pendam tentu pengewapan spesimen spektrum kelajuan sperma duktus sperma saraf tunjang gentian spindel spora pembentukan spora neraca spring penstabil kestabilan stalaktit stalagmit stamen

41

DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS standard form standard resistor standard solution star starch static electrical charge static electricity steel step-down transformer step-up transformer stereophonic hearing stereoscopic vision sterilisation/ sterilization sterility stethoscope stigma stilt root stimulant stimulate stimulus stoma stomach straight-chain alkane structure style subatomic particle subclavian vein sublimation submerged substitution substitution reaction substrate subtraction of coloured light succession successor sulphur sulphur dioxide sulphuric acid sun sunspot super giant superconductor superconductor alloy supernova superposition support surface surface area surrogate mother

BAHASA MELAYU bentuk piawai perintang piawai larutan piawai bintang kanji cas elektrik statik elektrik statik keluli transformer injak turun transformer injak naik pendengaran stereofonik penglihatan stereoskopik pensterilan; pemandulan kemandulan stetoskop stigma akar jangkang perangsang merangsang rangsangan stoma perut alkana rantai lurus struktur stil zarah subatom vena subklavia pemejalwapan tenggelam penukargantian tindak balas penukargantian substrat penolakan cahaya berwarna sesaran spesies penyesar sulfur sulfur dioksida (belerang) asid sulfurik matahari tompok matahari super raksasa superkonduktor aloi superkonduktor supernova superposisi sokongan permukaan luas permukaan ibu tumpang

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS survival suspension suspensory ligament sweat gland sweat pore sweetener switch symbiosis synapse synthesis synthetic polymer synthetic rubber syringe system systematic error systole tap root tapeworm taste taste bud technology telecommunication telescope telophase temperature temperature sensor tendril tensile strength tertiary consumer testis theory thermal cracking thermal equilibrium thermionic emission thermochemical equation thermochemistry thermometer thermoregulation thermosetting polymer thermosetts thermostat thickener thickening agent thigmotropism third class lever thorax thread threaten three-pin plug

BAHASA MELAYU kemandirian bahan terampai ligamen penggantung kelenjar peluh liang peluh pemanis suis simbiosis sinaps sintesis polimer sintetik getah sintetik picagari sistem ralat bersistem sistole akar tunjang cacing pita rasa tunas rasa teknologi telekomunikasi teleskop telofasa suhu penderia suhu sulur paut kekuatan regangan pengguna tertier testis teori pemecahan terma keseimbangan terma pancaran termion persamaan termokimia termokimia termometer pentermokawalaturan polimer termoset termoset termostat pemekat agen pemekat tigmotropisme tuas kelas ketiga toraks benang; bebenang mengancam plag tiga pin

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS thyroid gland ticker-tape ticker-timer time tinea tissue tissue culture titration tongue tonoplast tooth total internal reflection total surface area toxic toxin trachea trait trait inheritance transect transformer transistor transition element transmission transmission of information transmission system transpiration transpiration pull transport system transverse wave trolley trophic level tropical tropical rainforest tropism true-breeding tuber tuberculosis tubular secretion turbine turgidity turgor pressure Turner’s syndrome twining root tympanic membrane ultraviolet (uv) ray umbilical cord unbalanced forces uncontrolled mitosis unicellular organism

BAHASA MELAYU kelenjar tiroid pita detik pemasa detik waktu panau/tinea tisu kultur tisu pentitratan lidah tonoplas gigi pantulan dalam penuh jumlah luas permukaan toksik toksin trakea ciri, sifat pewarisan ciri transek transformer transistor unsur peralihan penghantaran penghantaran maklumat sistem penghantaran transpirasi tarikan transpirasi sistem pengangkutan gelombang melintang troli aras trofik tropika hutan hujan tropika tropisme pembiakbakaan tulen ubi tuberkulosis / batuk kering rembesan tubul turbin kesegahan tekanan segah sindrom Turner akar lilit membran timpanum sinar ultraungu / sinar ultralembayung tali pusat daya tak seimbang mitosis luar kawal organisma unisel

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS universal donor universal indicator universal recipient universal solvent universe unleaded petrol unsaturated unsaturated compound unsaturated fat upthrust urea ureter urethra urinary bladder urine uterus vaccination vaccum vacuole vagina valence electron valve Van de Graaff generator vapour vapourisation/ vapourization variable variable resistor variations vascular bundle vascular tissue vasectomy vector vector quantity vegetative reproduction vein velocity vena cava ventilation ventral ventricle venturi tube vernier callipers vertebrate vesicle vibration vigorous exercise vigour villus vinyl

BAHASA MELAYU penderma universal penunjuk semesta penerima universal pelarut semesta alam semesta petrol tanpa plumbum tak tepu sebatian tak tepu lemak tak tepu tujah ke atas urea ureter uretra pundi kencing air kencing uterus pemvaksinan vakum vakuol faraj elektron valens injap penjana Van de Graaff wap pengewapan pemboleh ubah perintang boleh ubah variasi berkas vaskular tisu vaskular vasektomi vektor kuantiti vektor pembiakan tampang vena halaju vena kava pengudaraan ventral ventrikel tiub venturi angkup vernier vertebrat vesikel getaran senaman cergas cergas / kecergasan vilus vinil

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS virtual image virus viscosity visible light vitamin vitreous humour volatile liquid volatility volcano volt voltage voltaic cell voltmeter volume voluntary action vulcanisation/ vulcanization vulcanised rubber/ vulcanized rubber vulcanised/ vulcanized warm-blooded animals waste product waste treatment water water cycle water pollution water vapour watt wave wave velocity waveform wavefront wavelength wax weak acid weight weight potometer wetland white blood cell white dwarf white noise wilt wind wind power wire gauze wood work worm X-ray xylem yeast

BAHASA MELAYU imej maya virus kelikatan cahaya tampak vitamin gelemaca / humor vitreus cecair meruap kemeruapan volkano / gunung berapi volt voltan sel volta/ sel voltan voltmeter isi padu tindakan terkawal pemvulkanan getah tervulkan tervulkan haiwan berdarah panas bahan buangan/ sisa rawatan kumbahan air kitar air pencemaran air wap air watt gelombang halaju gelombang bentuk gelombang muka gelombang panjang gelombang lilin asid lemah pemberat / berat potometer berat tanah paya sel darah putih bintang kerdil putih hingar putih layu angin kuasa angin kasa dawai kayu kerja cacing sinar-X xilem yis / ragi

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DAFTAR ISTILAH SAINS SEKOLAH MENENGAH BAHASA INGGERIS yellow spot yoghurt yolk zero error zinc zooplankton zwitterion zygomycetes zygospore zygote zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) zymase

BAHASA MELAYU bintik kuning yogurt kuning telur/ yolka ralat sifar zink zooplankton zwiterion zigomiset zigospora zigot pemindahan zigot ke dalam tiub Fallopio zimase

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