B.Sc. Hons in Geography( 2010-11 onwards) …

Organs of Speech, Transcription of Words, (Oxford Advance Learner’s Dictionary by Hornby to be followed) 2. ... Q. No. 4: The question will be based o...

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B.A./B.Sc. Hons in Geography( 2010-11 onwards) B.A./B.Sc. Hons in Geography- Semester-I Paper Nomenclature

Max Marks

Internal Assessment

101

Introduction to Geography

100

Endterm Exam. 80

102

Fundamentals of Human Geography

100

80

20

103

Basic Concepts in Sociology

100

80

20

104

English-I

100

80

20

105

General Cartography

100

60

30 + 10 Viva

20

B.A./B.Sc. Hons in Geography( 2010-11 onwards) Paper 101 Introduction to Geography Marks:100 End- term exam:80 Internal Assessment:20 Unit-I The nature of geography – Study of the following viewpoints: areal differentiation, landscape school, locational school, recent viewpoints; Core geographic concepts: Location, direction, and distance; Size and scale; Physical and cultural attributes; The changing attributes of place; interrelations between places; The structured content of place – density, dispersion, pattern; place similarity and regions Unit II General character of Geography in the ancient period – contributions of Greeks and Romans: Herodotus, Eratosthenes, Strabo, Ptolemy: contributions of Chinese scholars Character of geography in medieval period: Geography in Europe, Geography in Arab world Unit-III Age of Exploration and Discoveries: Contribution to expansion of geographic horizons; Revival of geography as scientific discipline- contribution of Varenius

Unit-IV Physical and Human Geography; Systematic and Regional Geography :Complementarity Note: - The question paper will have five units. Each of the first four units of the question will contain two questions from each unit of the syllabus. Candidate(s) are required to attempt one question from each unit. Unit-V shall be compulsory and contain 8 short answer type questions covering the entire syllabus. All questions carry equal marks. References: Dikshit, R. D. 1994: geographical thought- A Contextual history of Ideas’ New Delhi: Prentice hall of India

Tozer,H.F. 1975: A History of Ancient Geography,New Delhi: Ess Ess Publications Martin, G.J. and P. E. James1993:All Possible worlds: A history of geographic Ideas, New York, John Wiley

Paper 102 Fundamentals of Human Geography Max. Marks:100 End- term exam:80 Internal Assessment:20

Unit-1 Human Geography: Nature and Scope; Branches of Human Geography; The World Population: Distribution, density and growth- Concept, determinants and patterns: The Demographic Transition, population theories - Malthus, Human Development- measuring human development Unit-II The classification of economic activity: Primary activities- Agriculture- pattern, characteristics and types of world agriculture. Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location. Secondary activities- locational decisions in manufacturing. Weber’s least cost theory of industrial location, Transnational Corporations Unit –III Tertiary and Quaternary activities: types of tertiary, quaternary activities, Modes of Transportation, communication, Edward Ullman’s model of spatial interaction; International trade – types, composition and direction. Unit-IV Human Settlements; Types and patterns of rural settlements, classification and types of urban settlements Note: - The question paper will have five units. Each of the first four units of the question will contain two questions from each unit of the syllabus. Candidate(s) are required to attempt one question from each unit. Unit-V shall be compulsory and contain 8 short answer type questions covering the entire syllabus. All questions carry equal marks. (Reading list to be supplied later)

Paper 103 Basic Concepts in Sociology Max. Marks:100 End- term exam:80 Internal Assessment:20 UNIT- I Nature, Definition & Scope of Sociology: Its Relationship with History, Economics, Political Science, Anthropology and Psychology. UNIT- II Basic Concepts: Its Nature and Characteristics, Social Structure, Status & Role, Society, Community, Association, Norms and values. .UNIT- III Social Groups and Processes: Nature, Definition & Types: Primary Secondary & Reference Group, Integration, Cooperation and Conflict. UNIT- IV Socialization and Social Institutions: Definition, Stages and Agencies of Socialization; Nature, Characteristics and Significance of Economic and Political Institutions. Note: - The question paper will have five units. Each of the first four units of the question will contain two questions from each unit of the syllabus. Candidate(s) are required to attempt one question from each unit. Unit-V shall be compulsory and contain 8 short answer type questions covering the entire syllabus. All questions carry equal marks. Reading List: Ahuja, Ram (2001): Indian Social System, New Delhi : Rawat Publication. Ahuja, Ram (2003): Society in India, New Delhi: Rawat Publication. Bottmore, T.B. (1972) Sociology : A guide to Problems and Literature, Bombay : George Allen and Unwin ( India). Fulcher & Scott (2003): Sociology, New York: Oxford University Press. Giddens, Anthony (2005): Sociology, Polity Press. Harlambos, M. A. (1998) Sociology: Themes and Perspective, New Delhi: Oxford University Press. Harlambos & Holborn (2000): Sociology, London: Harper- Collins. Inkless, Alex (1987): What is Sociology? New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India. Johnson, Harry M. (1995): Sociology: A Systematic Introduction, New Delhi: Allied Publishers. Maclver and Page (1974) : Society: An Introductory Analysis, New Delhi: Macmillan & Co. P.Gisbert (2010): Fundamental of Sociology, New Delhi: Orient Blactswan.

Paper 104 English-I Max. Marks: 100 End- term exam: 80 Internal Assessment: 20 Unit-I (Poetry) The following poems from The Chronicles of Time edited by Asha Kadyan (Oxford University Press) 1. Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds by William Shakespeare. 2. Death Be Not Proud by John Donne. 3. On His Blindness by John Milton. 4. Shadwell by John Dryden. 5. Know Then Thyself by Alexander Pope 6. The little Black Boy by William Blake 7. Three years she grew in Sun and Shower by William Wordsworth Unit-II (Phonetics and Grammer) 1. Phonetics: Introduction to the Sound System of English; Phonetics Symbols, Organs of Speech, Transcription of Words, (Oxford Advance Learner’s Dictionary by Hornby to be followed) 2. Grammer: Parts of Speech, Types of Sentances, Common Errors, technical writing (application writing, business letter). Note: Instructions for the paper - setter and the students: Q. No. 1 : Explanation with reference to the context. The students will be required to attempt two passages out of the given four from the book of poems. 16 Marks Q. No. 2: Two questions(with internal choice) will be asked based on theme, central idea, massage and narrative technique of the poem. 8*2 = 16 Marks Q. No. 3: The question will be based on the Sound System of English language having internal choice. 16 Marks Q. No. 4: The question will be based on grammar. There will be internal choice with 16 sentences out of 24 to be attempted. 16 Marks Q. No. 5: The question will be based on technical writing. There will be internal choice. 16 Marks Reading List: 1. High School Grammar by wren and Martin 2. A Remedial English Grammar for Foreign Students by F.T. Wood 3. Essentials of communication by D. G. Saxena

Paper 105 General Cartography Max. Marks:100 Lab Test 60 Practical Record 30 Viva-voce10 Unit-I Basic Concepts of Cartography: Meaning, nature and subject matter of Cartography; Maps – Elements and Classification of maps Unit-II Map Scales. (i) Methods of Expressing a scale (ii) Conversion of Statement of Scale into R.F. and vice-versa. (iii) Plain Scale (Km and mile) (iv) Comparative Scale (v) Diagonal Scale Unit-III Measurement of Distances and Areas on Maps; Enlargement and Reduction of Maps; Latitude and Longitude; Global Time- Standard time, World time-zones, International date-line Note: 1. At least fifteen exercises are to be prepared from Unit-II and Unit-III covering all the topics. 2. In the examination, the lab test shall comprise of six questions in all with at least two questions from each unit. The candidate has to attempt three questions selecting one from each unit. 3. All questions carry equal marks.

Reading List: Sharma, J P : Prayogik Bhoogol, Rastogi Publication. Singh, R L : Practical Geography,

B.A. Hons. In Geography Semester-II Examination

Paper No. Nomenclature 201 Fundamentals of Physical Geography

End –Term Exam 80

Internal Assessment 20

202 Ecology and Environment

80

20

203 Foundation course in Economics

80

20

204 English-II Representation of Physical Features 205 (Practical)

100

a. Lab Test

60

b. Practical Record

30

c. Viva-voce

10

Paper 201 Fundamentals of Physical Geography Max. Marks:100 End- term exam:80 Internal Assessment:20 Unit-I Physical Geography – its nature and scope; interior of the earth; continental drift and plate tectonics; earth movements – orogenic and epirogenic; theory of isostacy. Unit-II Rocks: definition and types of rocks – igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic; weathering, mass wasting and erosion; mountains, plateaus and plains – general classification; cycle of erosion. Unit-III Weather and climate: elements of weather and climate; atmosphere – composition, structure and functions; atmospheric temperature – insolation and heat budget; atmospheric pressure and winds; planetary and local winds; atmospheric humidity, condensation and precipitation. Unit-IV Oceans: surface configuration – continental shelves, continental slopes, deep ocean basins, trenches and arcs; temperature and salinity; circulation of oceanic water – currents and tides. Note: - The question paper will have five units. Each of the first four units of the question will contain two questions from each unit of the syllabus. Candidate(s) are required to attempt one question from each unit. Unit-V shall be compulsory and contain 8 short answer type questions covering the entire syllabus. All questions carry equal marks. Reading list: Bunnett, R B : Physical Geography in Diagrams, Longman Publications, New Delhi. Gautam, Alka: Physical Geography, Rastogi Publication, Meerut, Husain, Majid: Fundamentals of Physical Geography, Rawat Publications, Jaipur, 2001. Singh, Savinder: Physical Geography, Prayag Pustak Bhawan, Allahabad, 1996. Strahler A N and Strahler A H: Physical Geography, John Willey, New York, 1996

Paper 202 Ecology and Environment Max. Marks:100 End- term exam:80 Internal Assessment:20 Unit-I Geography as the study of environment; man-environment relationship: its changing focus; Ecology and Ecosystem; Population, Resources, Environment and Development; Concepts and Approaches; Components of the ecosystem: a-biotic, biotic Unit-II Functional characteristics of ecosystems: Food chains and food webs – productivity, and ecological efficiencies, trophic levels, ecological pyramids; energy flow; nutrient cycling; Ecological succession and equilibrium Unit-III Introduction to Major Ecosystems of the World; Forest ecosystems: problems and management, Biodiversity – importance, causes for the loss of biodiversity; Desert ecosystem: Desertification-process and patterns; management strategies: Coastal ecosystems: problems -Mangroves, coastal pollution, cyclones ; Unit-IV Managed ecosystems: agricultural and urban environmental problems and their management with reference to India; Global environmental changes. Note: - The question paper will have five units. Each of the first four units of the question will contain two questions from each unit of the syllabus. Candidate(s) are required to attempt one question from each unit. Unit-V shall be compulsory and contain 8 short answer type questions covering the entire syllabus. All questions carry equal marks. Reading Balakrishnan, M., 1998: Environmental Problems and Prospects in India, Oxford & IBH Pub., N. Delhi. Das, R.C., et. al., 1998: The Environmental Divide: The Dilemma of Developing Countries, A.P.H. Pub., New Delhi. Goel R.S., 2000: Environment Impacts Assessment of Water Resources ProjectsConcerns, Policy Issues Perceptions and Scientific Analysis, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd, N. Delhi Gole, P., 2001: Nature Conservation and Sustainable Development in India, Rawat Pub., Jaipur. Hussain, M., (ed.) 1996: Environmental Management in India, Rawat Pub., Jaipur Hooja, R., et. al., (ed.) 1999: Desert, Drought and Development: Studies in Resource Management and Sustainability, Rawat Pub, Jaipur Munn, T., (ed.) 2001: Encyclopaedia of Global Environmental Change, John Wiley & Sons, West Sussex Ramakrishnan, P.S., 1998: Conservation and Management of Biological Resources in Himalaya, Oxford & IBH Pub., New Delhi. Sapru, R.K., 1987: Environmental Management in India, A.P.H. Pub., New Delhi. Saxena, H.M., 1999: Environmental Geography, Rawat Pub., Jaipur.

Singh, R.B., (ed.) 1990: Environmental Geography, Heritage Pub., New Delhi. Singh R.B., (ed.) 2001 : Urban Sustainability in the Context of Global Change, Science Pub., Inc., Enfield (NH), USA Singh, S., 1997: Environmental Geography, Prayag Pustak Bhawan, Allahabad. Verma, C.V.J., 1998: Water Quality and its Management, Oxford & IBH Pub., New Delhi Page 6 of 57

Paper 203 Foundation course in Economics Max. Marks:100 End- term exam:80 Internal Assessment:20 Unit-I Nature and scope of Economics; Central problems of Economics. Consumer’s behavior: law of demand; elasticity of demand – price, income and cross elasticity of demand; Consumer equilibrium – cardinal and indifference curve approaches. Unit-II Theory of production and cost: Production decision and production functions; isoquant; law of variable proportions; return to scale; economies of scale; different concepts of costs and their interrelations. Market structure and commodity pricing: perfect competition; monopoly and price determination; monopolistic competition. Unit-III National income accounting; personal and disposable income; measurement of national income – value added, income method and expenditure method Unit-IV Money and banking: money – meaning and functions; demand for and supply of money; banks- forms and functions. Government budget and economy: receipts and expenditure – concepts and their forms; taxes – concept and types. Interregional and international trade; balance of payment. Note: - The question paper will have five units. Each of the first four units of the question will contain two questions from each unit of the syllabus. Candidate(s) are required to attempt one question from each unit. Unit-V shall be compulsory and contain 8 short answer type questions covering the entire syllabus. All questions carry equal marks. Essential Readings Case, Karl E and Fair, Ray C, Principles of Economics’ 6th edition. Pearson (First Indian Print 2002 Education Asia) Samuelson, Paul A and Nordhaus, William D (2006) Economics, 18th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi Sloman, John (2004), ‘Economics’, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall of India, Soderston, BO (1991), International Economics, The Macmillan Press Ltd., London Singh, S.K., Public Finance in Theory and Practice, S. Chand & Co Further Readings: Diulio, Eugene A. (1974), Macro Economic Theory, 2nd Edition, McGraw -Hills (Schaum Series) Salvatore, Dominick (2003), Micro Economics (Theory and Applications), 4th Edition, Oxford. (Schaum Series)

Paper 204 English-II (LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE) Max. Marks:100 End- term exam:80 Internal Assessment:20 Part-A Short Stories The following Stories from The Pointed Vision: An Anthology of Short Stories By Usha Bande and Krishan Gopal (Oxford University Press, New Delhi): 1. `The Bet’ by Anton Chekhov 2. `Gift of the Magi’ by O Henry 3. `The Postmaster’ by Rabindranath Tagore 4. `Three Questions’ by Leo Tolstoy. 5. `The Dying Detective’ by Arthur Conan Doyle. 6. `Under the Banyan Tree’ by R.K. Narayan. Part-B (i) Grammar and Writing Skills a) Synonyms and Antonyms b) Prefix-Suffix c) Homophones and Homonyms d) One word substitution (ii) Writing Skills a) Developing writing skills through theme based paragraphs b) Technical writing: E-mail writing, Reporting, Resume writing, Reviewing T.V. Programmes Instructions to the Paper Setter and the Students Q.No. 1 Explanation with reference to the context. The student will be required to attempt two passages (with internal choice) from the book of Stories 8x2=16 Q.No. 2 Two essay type questions (with internal choice) will be asked from the book of stories. 8x2=16 Q.No. 3 This question will be based on grammar. Students will be required to attempt 16 sentences out of the given 24. 16 Q.No.4 & 5 Question No. 4 & 5 will be based on writing skills and technical writing. 16x2=32 Note: - The question paper will have five units. Each of the first four units of the question will contain two questions from each unit of the syllabus. Candidate(s) are required to attempt one question from each unit. Unit-V shall be compulsory and contain 8 short answer type questions covering the entire syllabus. All questions carry equal marks. Suggested Reading: High School Grammar by Wren and Martin. Remedial English Grammar for Foreign Students by F.T. Wood. Essentials of Communication by D.G.Saxena

Paper 205 Representation of Physical Features Max. Marks:100 Lab Test 60 Practical Record 30 Viva-voce10 Unit-I Intervisibility – determination methods; Interpolation of contours. Unit-II Profiles – types of profiles, drawing of profiles and cross sections; representation of relief – methods. Unit-III Representation of different landforms with the help of profiles and cross sections, Areaheight diagrams, hypsometric curve and altimetric frequency histogram.

Note: Note: 1. At least fifteen exercises are to be prepared from all the units covering all the topics. 2. In the examination, the lab test shall comprise of six questions in all with at least two questions from each unit. The candidate has to attempt three questions selecting one from each unit. 3. All questions carry equal marks. Reading List: Sharma, J P : Prayogik Bhoogol, Rastogi Publication. Singh, R L : Practical Geography,