GSIS M2051.000700: International Cooperation and

the class (due at 1:00 pm on Monday, April 30). Please submit a paper proposal with the format of MS word file or PDF file. No other format will be ac...

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SNU/GSIS M2051.000700: International Cooperation and Social Economic Development Spring 2018 Monday 1:00-4:00 pm Building 140-1, Classroom 202 Instructor: Jiyeoun Song Office: Building 140-1, 503/614 Phone: 02-880-4174 Email: [email protected] Office Hours: Monday 4:00-6:00 pm & by appointment

I. Course Description and Objective Why are some countries always poor, while others are rich? Why are some developing countries able to take off their economies, whereas others have been trapped in the vicious cycle of underdevelopment? What are the determinants of social and economic development? Is there any developmental model applicable for all countries around the world? This course will examine several theoretical and empirical questions with respect to social and economic development, focusing on the cases of Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The first part of the course will analyze the institutional foundations of development, ranging from political, economic, and social to cultural settings. The second part will explore the diverging paths of economic development in East Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The third part will examine several important issues of social development, such gender, health, and environment, as well as challenges for development (e.g., disaster and post-conflict societies).

II. Prerequisites and Course Format There are no prerequisites for this course, although some previous coursework in political science, international relations, economics, and/or developmental studies is helpful. The format of this course will be based on a combination of lecture and seminar, but with a heavy focus on the latter. Thus each student is expected to complete all the required reading each week and to contribute to the class discussion. On average, students can expect 120-130 pages of reading per class. “Cold calls” may sometimes be used.

III. Textbooks and Reading Assignments There are no required textbooks for this course. The instructor will post the readings on the course eTL. Please check the course eTL periodically.

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VI. Grading Policy and Evaluation 1) Attendance and class participation: 20% 2) Class discussion leading: 10% 3) Weekly discussion question posting: 24% 4) Final research paper: 46% A. Course Requirements (1) Attendance and class participation: 20% Attendance at all classes is mandatory. Two latenesses (showing up more than 15 minutes late) or early departures (without any prior notice to the instructor) will be counted as one absence. Three absences (without any valid excuse) will lead to a failure of the course. Student active class participation is strongly encouraged and expected. Not only quantity, but also quality of participation will be critically evaluated. (2) Class discussion leading: 10% Each student (or a group of students, depending on the course enrollment) is assigned for leading a class discussion at least once during the semester. Each discussion leader is expected to present the core arguments of the reading in a very concise manner, to provide critical assessments and evaluations on the reading (e.g., strengths and weaknesses of the reading), and to raise theoretical and/or empirical questions in order to stimulate active class debates and discussions. The presentation should not be a mere summary of the reading assignments. Students are expected to send power point slides for the presentation to the instructor as well as teaching assistant by Sunday morning or early afternoon, but no later than Sunday 2:00 pm. No show-up for the week responsible for leading a class discussion will result in a zero point for this assignment. (3) Weekly discussion question posting: 24% (2% per each week, 12 weeks) Beginning week 2, students are required to submit a one page long weekly discussion question to the course eTL by Sunday 12:00 pm The first half of the page should be composed of a very concise summary of each reading assignment (one or two sentences per each reading) and the second half of the page should present a discussion question (or questions) based on the reading. No longer than one page (in single-spaced, approximately 300-350 word counts). Please submit a weekly discussion question with the format of MS word file, NOT PDF file. Teaching assistant will collect student weekly discussion questions, and circulate them to the class before each lecture. Any late submission will not be accepted, except for medical or family emergencies. (4) Final research paper: 46% (Due at 5:00 pm on Friday, June 15) Students are required to write a final research paper (14-15 pages, double-spaced, 12 font size, 1 inch margin) with a full bibliography (which is not going to be included in the page count). Since it is a writing assignment, both the contents of the research paper and the quality of the writing itself will be critically evaluated. Keep all the formats of the paper (e.g., page limits, space, font, and etc.) 2

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NOTE: The instructor will submit all writing assignments to turnitin.com in order to check for a possible sign of plagiarism. (4-1) Contents and Format: Regarding the contents and format of the final research paper, students have two options  Track A: academic research paper  Track B: policy report (4-1-1) Track A: academic research paper If students choose an option of Track A, they are expected to write an academic research paper, which includes theoretically and/or empirically interesting questions, the literature review, rigorous tests of the hypothesis and arguments, and academic references. Think it as a much shorter version of a master thesis or Ph.D. dissertation. (4-1-2) Track B: policy report While a good policy report also presents interesting questions and is required to present extensive research materials similar to an academic research paper, it targets a different group of the audience. A policy report should focus more on “real world” issues. If students choose this track, they are expected to pick up one “specific” policy case of social or economic development and analyze the case in more details (e.g., background of the policy case, specific contents of the policy case, implementation, program/policy evaluations, challenges, and so on). Given the nature of the policy report, students should present some policy recommendations for development agencies, policymakers, and/or international organizations. Students might refer to various international organizations (e.g., IMF, World Bank, UN, and UNICEF) or the US Congressional Research Service to check examples of the policy report. (4-2) Topics: Students can choose any research paper topic related to social and economic development agendas, but with prior approval by the instructor. While students may write a final research paper on the topic that has already been included in the course syllabus, they should present a new analytical approach and/or new empirical evidence, as opposed to simply summarizing a given week’s readings on the topic. If students are not sure about their research topics, please consult the instructor in advance. Extra reading materials and research beyond the course syllabus are required. While students may utilize online sources and/or journalistic coverage (e.g., newspaper articles and magazines) as references, the primary references should be academic materials (e.g., books, scholarly journals, government publications, and etc.). No citation from Wikipedia for this course!

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(4-3) Additional Logistics: (4-3-1) Research proposal: 5% (Due at 1:00 pm on Monday, April 30) Students are required to submit a 1-2 page long (double-spaced, 12 font size, 1 inch margin) research proposal that presents clear research questions, preliminary arguments, preliminary empirical evidence to support the key claims, and a few references related to the research topic. Please keep the length of the proposal. Unless students have a very compelling reason to do so, they CANNOT change research paper topics after submitting their proposals to the instructor. The instructor WILL NOT read any additional version of the research proposal after initial submission, either. Thus, please be careful when choosing a research paper topic and more importantly, begin to conduct research early on. Don’t wait until the day just before the deadline. Students should bring a hardcopy of the research proposal to class as well as upload an electronic copy of the proposal to the course eTL at the beginning of the class (due at 1:00 pm on Monday, April 30). Please submit a paper proposal with the format of MS word file or PDF file. No other format will be accepted. (4-3-2) Research paper presentation: 6% (Monday, June 11) In week 15, student presentations (10-15 minute long for each) will be scheduled. Students are expected to make constructive comments on others’ presentations. (4-3-3) Final research paper: 35% (Due at 5:00 pm on Friday, June 15) Students are required to submit a final research paper (14-15 pages, double spaced, 12 point font, 1 inch margin) by 5:00 pm on Friday, June 15. Students should bring a hardcopy of the paper to the instructor’s office as well as upload an electronic copy of the paper to the course eTL. Keep the length of the paper and make sure that a research paper has a title and each page is numbered. Use a standard bibliographic style (e.g., Chicago, APA, or MLA) to list all of the works cited in the paper. Grades for late papers will be downgraded by “one full letter grade” per day late (e.g., A+ to B+). IMPORTANT! To avoid plagiarism, students are expected to provide proper citations in final research for all quotations, paraphrases, and ideas taken from any source other than students’ original thoughts. No block quotations unless they are essential!!!

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B. Make-up and Lateness Policies Except documented family or medical emergencies, there will be no make-up exams or assignment extension provided in this course. Routine doctor’s appointment (e.g., flu or cold) does not qualify as medical emergencies. If students need to take a make-up exam for family or medical emergencies, it is student’s responsibility to contact the instructor and schedule a make-up exam within a week from the originally designated exam or assignment due. C. Office Hours Policy Students should contact teaching assistant in advance (2-3 business days preferably, but 24 hours at least) to schedule a meeting during the instructor’s office hours (Monday 4:00-6:00 pm). If students cannot make it during the regular office hours because of other class and/or work schedule (not because of student convenience), they have to email both the instructor and teaching assistant to consult additional office hours. D. Laptop and Cell Phone Policy Students can use their own laptops for note taking in class, however web browsing, online chatting, and/or course-unrelated activities WILL NOT be allowed. No cell phone use (including phone call, texting message, and/or phone applications) will be permitted during the class. E. Academic Honesty Any plagiarism or academic dishonesty will be severely punished. It will result in a failing grade and an official report to the Graduate School of International Studies. If students cite from other people’s books, articles, or written/verbal materials, they should provide proper citations in writing materials for all quotations, paraphrases, and ideas taken from any source other than their own original thoughts. Regarding academic misconduct, please refer to the university’s guideline on the principle of research ethics. F. Accommodation Policy Any student in this course who has a disability that may prevent him or her from fully demonstrating his or her abilities should contact the instructor personally as soon as possible to discuss accommodations necessary to ensure full participation and facilitate students’ educational opportunities.

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VI. Course Schedule

Week 1 (March 5) Week 2 (March 12) Week 3 (March 19) Week 4 (March 26) Week 5 (April 2) Week 6 (April 9) Week 7 (April 16) Week 8 (April 23) Week 9 (April 30)

Week 10 (May 7) Week 11 (May 14) Week 12 (May 21) Week 13 (May 28) Week 14 (June 4) Week 15 (June 11)

TOPIC Introduction and Course Overview

METHOD Lecture

Poverty, Inequality, and Globalization

Lecture/Seminar

Institutional Origins and Historical Legacies Political Regimes and Governance

Lecture/Seminar

Foreign Aid

Lecture/Seminar

East Asian Model of Development

Lecture/Seminar

Underdevelopment of Africa and Latin America Gender

Lecture/Seminar

Public Health

Lecture/Seminar

Lecture/Seminar

Lecture/Seminar

National Holiday *** No Class *** Environment

Lecture/Seminar

Public Goods and Service Provision

Lecture/Seminar

Disasters and Human Security

Lecture/Seminar

Development in Post-Conflict Societies

Lecture/Seminar

Student Presentations

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ETC.

Research Proposal Due at 1:00 pm on April 30

Research Paper Due at 5:00 pm on June 15

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NOTE: I may make some minor changes regarding the course schedule and reading assignments.

Week 1 (March 5): Introduction and Course Overview No required reading for this week

PART I: Institutional Foundations of Development Week 2 (March 12): Poverty, Inequality, and Globalization Sen, Amartya. 1999. Development as Freedom. New York: Anchor Books, introduction, pp. 3-11. Sachs, Jeffrey. 2005. The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time. New York: Penguin Books, chapters 1-3, pp. 5-73. Dollar, David. 2004. Globalization, Poverty, and Inequality since 1980. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3333: 1-46. Wade, Robert H. 2004. Is Globalization Reducing Poverty and Inequality? World Development 32 (4): 567-589. Nissanke, Machiko, and Erik Thorbecke. 2006. Channels and Policy Debate in the Globalization-Inequality-Poverty Nexus. World Development 34 (8): 1338-1360. (Recommended): Deaton, Angus. 2002. Is World Poverty Falling? Finance and Development 39 (2): 34. (http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2002/06/deaton.htm)

Week 3 (March 19): Institutional Origins and Historical Legacies North, Douglas C. 1990. Institutions, Institutional Change, and Economic Performance. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, chapters 10-12, pp. 83-117. Glaeser, Edward, Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, and Andrei Shleifer. 2004. Do Institutions Cause Growth? Journal of Economic Growth 9 (3): 271-303. Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson, and James A. Robinson. 2001. The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation. American Economic Review 91 (5): 1369-1401.

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Guiso, Luigi, Paola Sapienza, and Luigi Zingales. 2006. Does Culture Affect Economic Outcomes? Journal of Economic Perspectives 20 (2): 23-48. Chang, Ha-Joon. 2011. Institutions and Economic Development: Theory, Policy, and History. Journal of Institutional Economics 7 (4): 473-498 (Recommended): Engerman, Stanley L., and Kenneth L. Sokoloff. 2008. Debating the Role of Institutions in Political and Economic Development: Theory, History, and Findings. Annual Review of Political Science 11: 119-135.

Week 4 (March 26): Political Regimes and Governance Przeworski, Adam, and Fernando Limongi 1993. Political Regimes and Economic Growth. Journal of Economic Perspectives 7 (3): 51-69. Alesina, Alberto, Sule Ö zler, Nouriel Roubini, and Phillip Swagel. 1996. Political Instability and Economic Growth. Journal of Economic Growth 1 (2): 189-211. Leftwich, Andrian. 2005. Democracy and Development: Is There Institutional Incompatibility? Democratization 12 (5): 686-703. Grindle, Merilee S. 2004. Good Enough Governance: Poverty Reduction and Reform in Developing countries. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions 17 (4): 525-548. Kwon, Huck-ju, and Eunju Kim. 2014. Poverty Reduction and Good Governance: Examining the Rationale of the Millennium Development Goals. Development and Change 45 (2): 353-375. (Recommended): Barro, Robert. 1999. The Determinants of Economic Growth, chapter 2, 49-88. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Week 5 (April 2): Foreign Aid Alesina, Alberto, and David Dollar. 2000. Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why? Journal of Economic Growth 5 (1): 33-63. Collier, Paul, and David Dollar. 2001. Can the World Cut Poverty in Half? How Policy Reform and Effective Aid Can Meet International Development Goals. World Development 29 (11): 1787-1802.

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Easterly, William. 2003. Can Foreign Aid Buy Growth? The Journal of Economic Perspectives 17 (3): 23-48. Moyo, Dambisa. 2009. Dead Aid. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, chapters 3 and 4, pp. 29-68. Knack, Stephen. 2004. Does Foreign Aid Promote Democracy? International Studies Quarterly 48 (1): 251-266. Wright, Joseph. 2009. How Foreign Aid Can Foster Democratization in Authoritarian Regimes. American Journal of Political Science 53 (3): 552-571. (Recommended): Burnside, Craig, and David Dollar. 2000. Aid, Policies, and Growth. American Economic Review 90 (4): 847-68 Wright, Joseph, and Matthew Winters. 2010. The Politics of Effective Foreign Aid. Annual Review of Political Science 13: 61–80.

PART II: Diverging Paths of Economic Development Week 6 (April 9): East Asian Model of Development Gerschenkron, Alexander. 1962. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, chapter 1, pp. 5-30. Johnson, Chalmers. 1999. The Developmental State: Odyssey of a Concept. In The Developmental State, edited by Meredith Woo-Cumings. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 32-60. World Bank. 1993. The East Asian Miracle. Washing D.C.: World Bank, overview, pp. 1-27. Naughton, Barry. 2006. The Chinese Economy: Transitions and Growth. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, chapter 4, pp. 85-111. Huang, Yasheng. 2012. How Did China Take Off? Journal of Economic Perspectives 26 (4): 147-170. (Recommended): Johnson, Chalmers. 1982. MITI and the Japanese Miracle. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Woo-Cumings, Meredith Jung-eun. 1998. National Security and the Rise of the Developmental State. In Behind East Asian Growth, edited by Henry Rowen. London:

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Routledge, pp. 319-337. Huang, Yasheng. 2012. Capitalism with Chinese Characteristics. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Week 7 (April 16): Underdevelopment of Africa and Latin America Bloom, David, and Jeffrey Sachs. 1998. Geography, Demography and Economic Growth in Africa. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 2: 207-95 [skim only 207-273]. Acemoglu, Daron, and James A. Robinson. 2012. Why Nations Fail? New York: Crown Business, chapter 13, pp. 368-403. Valenzuela, Samuel J., and Arturo Valenzuela. 1978. Modernization and Dependency: Alternative Perspectives in the Study of Latin American Underdevelopment. Comparative Politics 10 (4): 535-57. Cardoso, Eliana, and Ann Helwege. 1992. Below the Line: Poverty in Latin America. World Development 20 (1): 19-37. Kay, Christóbal. 2006. Survey Article: Rural Poverty and Development Strategies in Latin America. Journal of Agrarian Change 6 (4): 455-508. (Recommended): Cardoso, Fernando Henrique, and Enzo Faletto. 1979. Dependency and Development in Latin America. Berkeley: University of California Press, preface, chapter 6, and conclusion, vii-xxv &149-176. Easterly, William. 2013. Tyranny of Expert. Basic Books. Mkandawire, Thandika. 2015. Neopatrimonialism and the Political Economy of Economic Performance in Africa: Critical Reflections. World Politics 67 (3): 563-612.

PART III: Understanding Social Development Week 8 (April 23): Gender World Bank. 2012. World Development Report: Gender Equality and Development (https://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDR2012/Resources/77781051299699968583/7786210-1315936222006/Complete-Report.pdf). Overview, pp. 2-39 (skim). Duflo, Esther. 2012. Women Empowerment and Economic Development. Journal of Economic Literature 50 (4): 1051-1079.

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Klasen, Stephan. 2002. Low Schooling for Girls, Slower Growth for All? Cross-Country Evidence on the Effect of Gender Inequality in Education on Economic Development. World Bank Economic Review 16 (3): 345-373. Bandiera, Oriana, and Ashwini Natraj. 2013. Does Gender Inequality Hinder Development and Economic Growth? Evidence and Policy Implications. World Bank Research Observer 28 (1): 2-21. Yunus, Muhammed. 1998. Poverty Alleviation: Is Economics Any Help? Lessons from the Grameen Bank Experience. Journal of International Affairs 52 (1): 47-65. Boehe, Dirk Michael, and Luciano Barin Cruz. 2013. Gender and Microfinance Performance: Why Does the Institutional Context matter? World Development 47: 121135. (Recommended): Duflo, Esther. 2005. Gender Equality in Development. Bureau for Research in Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD) Policy Paper No. 11: 1-23.

Week 9 (April 30): Public Health *** Research Paper Proposal Due at 1:00 pm *** Kichbusch, Ilona. 2000. The Development of International Health PoliciesAccountability Intact? Social Science & Medicine 51 (6): 979-989. Brown, Theodore M., Marcos Cueto, and Elizabeth Fee. 2006. The World Health Organization and the Transition from “International” to “Global” Public Health. American Journal of Public Health 96 (1): 62-72. Esser, Daniel E., and Kara Keating Bench. 2011. Does Global Health Funding Response to Recipients’ Needs? Comparing Public and Private Donors’ Allocations in 2005-2007. World Development 39 (8): 1271-1280. Harper, Sarah E. 2012. The Fungibility of Aid Earmarked for HIV/AIDS Control Programs. World Development 40 (11): 2263-2274. Kevin Croke. 2012. Governance and Child Mortality Decline in Tanzania and Uganda, 1995-2007. Studies in Comparative International Development 47 (4): 441-463. (Recommended): Lee, Suejin A., and Jae-Young Lim. 2014. Does International Health Aid Follow Recipients’ Needs? Extensive and Intensive Margins of Health Aid Allocation. World Development 64: 104-120.

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Week 10 (May 7): National Holiday *** No Class *** Week 11 (May 14): Environment Dasgupta, Partha, and Karl-Göran Mäler. 1990. The Environment and Emerging Development Issues. World Bank Economic Review 4 (1): 101-132. Giddings, Bob, Bill Hopwood, and Geoff O’Brien. 2002. Environment, Economy and Society: Fitting Them Together into Sustainable Development. Sustainable Development 10 (4): 187-196. Pretty, Jules, and Hugh Ward. 2001. Social Capital and the Environment. World Development 29 (2): 209-227. Thrupp, Lori Ann. 2000. Linking Agricultural Biodiversity and Food Security: The Valuable Role of Agrobiodiversity for Sustainable Agriculture. International Affairs 76 (2): 283-297. UNEP. 2013. Embedding the Environment in Sustainable Development Goals. UNEP Post-2015 Discussion Paper. UNESCAP. 2016. Transformations for Sustainable Development: Environmental Sustainability in Asia and the Pacific, chapters 1-3.

Promoting

(Recommended): Lélé, Sharachchandra M. 1991. Sustainable Development: A Critical Review. World Development 19 (6): 607-621. Conca, Ken. 2006. The New Face of Water Conflict. Program on Environmental Change and Security Policy: Woodrow Wilson School. November No. 3, pp. 1-4.

Week 12 (May 21): Public Goods and Service Provision Tsai, Lily. 2007. Solidarity Groups, Informal Accountability, and Local Public Goods Provision in Rural China. American Political Science Review 101 (2): 355-372. Ziblatt, Daniel. 2008. Why Some Cities Provide More Public Goods Than Others? A Subnational Comparison of the Provision of Public Goods in German Cities in 1912. Comparative Studies in International Development 43: 273-289. Luong, Pauline Jones. 2014. Empowering Local Communities and Enervating the State? Foreign Oil Companies as Providers of Public Goods and Social Services. In The Politics of Non-State Social Welfare in the Global South, edited by Melani Cammett and Lauren

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M. MacLean. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 57-75. Herrera, Veronica, and Alison E. Post. 2014. Can Developing Countries Both Decentralize and Depoliticize Urban Water Services? Evaluating the Legacy of the 1990s Reform Wave. World Development 64: 621-641. Singh, Prerna. 2015. Subnationalism and Social Development: A Comparative Analysis of Indian State. World Politics 67 (3): 506-552. (Recommended): World Bank. 2009. Reshaping Economic Geography.

Week 13 (May 28): Disasters and Human Security *** Possibility of Class Reschedule for This Week*** Alexander, David. 2006. Globalization of Disaster: Trends, Problems, and Dilemmas. Journal of International Affairs 59 (2): 1-22. Seck, Papa. 2007. Links between Natural Disasters, Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Risk Reduction: A Critical Perspective. UNDP Human Development Report Office Occasional Paper 2007-15, 1-36. Khagram, Sanjeev, William C. Clark, and Dana Firas Raad. 2003. From the Environment and Human Security to Sustainable Security and Development. Journal of Human Development 4 (2): 289-313. Busumtwi-Sam, James. 2008. Contextualizing Human Security: A ‘DeprivationVulnerability’ Approach. Policy and Society 27 (1): 15-28. O’Brien, Karen et al. 2008. Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Change Adaptation and Human Security. A Commissioned Report for the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (https://www.unisdr.org/files/7946_GECHSReport3081.pdf) (Recommended): Hobson, Christopher, Paul Bacon and Robin Cameron (eds). 2014. Human Security and Natural Disasters, chapter 1, 1-21. London; New York: Routledge.

Week 14 (June 4): Development in Post-Conflict Societies Kuman, Krishna. 1999. Promoting Social Reconciliation in Postconflict Societies: Selected Lessons from USAID’s Experience. USAID Program and Operations Assessment Report No. 24.

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David, Antonio C., Fabiano Rodrigues Bastos, and Marshall Mills. 2011. Post-conflict Recovery: Institutions, Aid, or Luck? IMF Working Paper WP/11/149. Brinkerhoff, Derick. 2010. Developing Capacity in Fragile States. Public Administration and Development 30 (1): 66-78. Marquette, Heather. 2011. Donors, State Building and Corruption: Lessons from Afghanistan and the Implications for Aid Policy. Third World Quarterly 32 (10): 18711890. (Recommended): Andersen, Regine. 2000. How Multilateral Development Assistance Triggered the Conflict in Rwanda. Third World Quarterly 21 (3): 441-456. Zoellick, Robert. 2008. Fragile States Securing Development. Survival. 50 (6): 67-84. Sahin, Selver B., and Donald Feaver. 2012. The Politics of Security Sector Reform in Fragile or Post-Conflict Settings: A Critical Review of the Experience of Timer-Leste. Democratization 20 (6): 1056-1080.

Week 15 (June 11): Student Presentations

***Final Research Paper Due at 5:00 pm on Friday June 15*** Enjoy your summer break! 

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