Inovasi PEMBELAJARAN

Cognitive Ability Life Long Learning ... (Trans Eurasia Information Networks) ASN 24490 ITB-idREN GATE Gov idREN GATE UB idREN GATE ITS idREN GATE UGM...

0 downloads 2 Views 3MB Size
Inovasi PEMBELAJARAN Ainun Na’im Sekretraris Jenderal Kemeristekdikti Jogjakarta, 25 Januari 2019

1

1500-1840 Best Average speed of horse-drawn coaches and sailing ships: 10mph

1850-1930 Steam locomotives: 65mph Steam ships: 30 mph

THE SHRINKING WORLD

1950s Propeller Aircraft 300-400mph

1960s Jet Passenger Aircraft 500-700mph

Drivers of change, industries overall

Share of respondents rating driver as top trend, % DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC

TECHNOLOGICAL

Changing nature of work, flexible work

44%

Mobile internet, cloud technology

34%

Climate change, natural resources

23%

Processing power, Big Data

26%

Middle class in emerging markets

23%

New energy supplies and technologies

22%

Geopolitical volatility

21%

Internet of Things

14%

Consumer ethics, privacy issues

16%

Sharing economy, crowdsourcing

12%

Longevity, ageing societies

14%

Robotics, autonomous transport

9%

Young demographics in emerging markets

13%

Artificial intelligence

7%

Women’s economic power, aspirations

12%

Adv. materials, biotechnology

6%

Adv. manufacturing, 3D printing

6%

Rapid urbanization

Source: Future of Jobs Survey, World Economic Forum

8%

3

Change in demand for core work-related skills, 2015-2020, all industries Share of jobs requiring skills family as part of their core skill set, % Physical Abilities

31

Content Skills

40

Cognitive Abilities

52

Technical Skills

33

Resource Management Skills

36

Systems Skills

42

Process Skills

39

Social Skills

37

Complex Problem Solving Skills

40 0%

growing skills demand Source: Future of Jobs Survey, World Economic Forum

41 35 32 42 42 40

39 39 40 10%

20%

30%

40%

stable skills demand

50%

60%

70%

80%

90%

Scale of skills demand in 2015

Scale of skills demand in 2020

28

5%

4%

25

10%

10%

16

11%

15%

25

10%

12%

22

14%

13%

18

16%

17%

22

18%

18%

24

20%

19%

20

36%

36%

100%

declining skills demand

4

A New Economic Compass for the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Indonesia Competitiveness (2018)

45th/140 Rank in 2017 edition: 47th / 135 1. US, 2. Singapore, 3. Jerman https://www.weforum.org/reports/the-global-competitveness-report-2018

The future work is changing

The Lifecycle of the Industry

Source: KPGM, 2016

Economic Potential

INDONESIA

Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education’ Mission Improve access, relevancy, and quality of higher education to produce qualified human resources

>262 Million

The 7th World The 4th World in 2030 in 2050

Population

ECONOMY

ECONOMY

Demography Bonus

McKinsey Global Institute, 2012

Pricewaterhouse Coopers (PwC), 2017

Photo Credit: Azhar Abidi. Online image. Flickr. 15 Dec 2017. https://flic.kr/p/f2S8ek

5

Challenge

HRD DEVELOP0MENT Indonesia

Percentage of Indonesian Manpower Education (BPS, 2017)

(WEF, (WEF,2017) 2017)

3rd

rank: Singapore 23rd rank: Malaysia 32nd rank: Thailand (BPS, August 2017)

8,8%/618 thousand

60,00 40,00

58,83 29,09

28,74 12,19

20,00

12,08

-

Numbers of Open Unemployment ±7 millions people out of ±128 millions of workforce

“Employers complains that the employees do not have the appropriate skills”

59,07

Agustus 2016 Junior High School Rendah (≤ SMP)

Agustus 2017 Menengah (SMA/SMK) Senior High School

Tinggi (≥Diploma Diploma)

Ranking in Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2015

6

Technology disruption era is the combination of physical, digital and biological domain

INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 4.0 & Digital Economy

Indonesia needs to 75–375 Million improve the quality of workforce skills GLOBAL EMPLOYEES SHIFT with digital PROFESSIONS technology (Parray, ILO, 2017)

(Schwab, 2017)



Challenge

Internet of Things

Artificial Intelligence

New Materials

Big Data

Robotics

Augmented Reality

Cloud

Additive Manufacturing 3D Printing

Computing

Nanotech & Biotech (Schwab, 2016)

Genetic Editing 7

The Development of Human resources in Indonesia In the 4th Industrial Revolution era

Education and work (job) should be adjusted into the development of Science and Technology, but still attention should be given to humanism aspects



Challenges

(WEF, 2017)

36th /137 C’s Indonesian Competitiveness Index

3rd rank: Singapore 23rd rank: Malaysia 32nd rank: Thailand

Education

The 4th Industrial Revolution

Work fields and Employers

(BPS, August 2017)

8,8%

/ 618 thousands

Unemployed university graduates

“Employers complains that the employees do not have the appropriate skills” 72 % of

NO 58 % of

Employers

Educators Reference: Mourshed, Farrell, Barton (2012), Education to Employment: Designing a System that Works (survey 8.000 universities, and industries from 24 countries)

YES

Markets need the human resources with multiple skills, which is so different with the old system of higher education (Marmolejo, World Bank, 12 2017).

The needs

New literation

In facing the 4th Industrial Revolution

In order to produce qualified graduates, curriculum needs a new orientation, due to the 4th Industrial Revolution. So it is not appropriate anymore using an old literation (reading, writing and math), as the main asset if we would like to produce qualified human resources which could be performed in the society.

Data Literation

New literation :

Preparing competitive graduates The ability to read, to analyze, to use information (Big Data) in the digital world.

Technology Literation The ability to understand mechanical (system) work, to use the application of technology like (Coding, Artificial Intelligence, & Engineering Principles). (Aoun, MIT, 2017)

Human Literation Humanities, Communication and Design 8



HUMAN LITERATION



Universities should always find methods for developing the cognitive capacity of the students, through implementing higher order mental skills, critical and systemic thinking. It is important to keep survive in the 4th industrial revolution

Goal: humans should be useful in their society, therefore they need to implement humanities approach, communication and design

Skills: 1. Leadership 2. Teamwork Cultural Agility: Students with their various background, are able to work in different environment, both in national or international places.

How to teach in the 4th industrial revolution era ? (Aoun, 2017)

• 1. Thematic study on various discipline , connecting it to the real world based on project based-learning.

• 2. Through General Entrepreneurship (including social Education, Extracurricular entrepreneurship): -------------------------------------This should be introduced again that • Internship/practices/co-op entrepreneurs must have basic program (al. higher order capacity which is owned by each skills, leadership, team student work) (Northeastern, 2014)

9

Solution

GEN- IR 4.0 General Education + Competency for IR 4.0

Human literation is part of the General Education, which should be mastered by the students. Data and technological literation could be selected from the extra curricular programs

Program Co& Extra Curricular

Cognitive Ability

• Thinking critically and systemic, lateral, & higher level • Entrepreneurship

General Education

Data Literation• Technological Literation Human Literation•

New Literation's

Life Long Learning

10



NEVER ENDING STUDY

Lifelong learning should be facilitated by universities, as the education activity (because education will never stop though degree certificate was received before)



Lifelong Learning

Lifelong learning is becoming an economic imperative (Economist, 2017)

 Up to now, there have been many universities which facilitate the life-long learning.  In USA: 12.8 Million students are facilitated by special units. These are provided for advanced students who would like to obtain more and or new knowledge/skills/competencies, which are suitable to dynamic technologies or jobs requirements. 16

UNIVERSITY 4.0

HE 4.0 MISSIONS

One solution: Academic Learning 4.0 BLENDED LEARNING It is facilitated by SPADA & IdREN through Video Conference, Online Learning, Resource Sharing

Tuition Fee is continuously increased

79,5%

• Tuition fee is more expensive • Numbers of lecturers are limited • Numbers of students are increased The solution • Optimally utilize ICT, in order to improve productivity of learning (effective and efficient), with continuously keep the quality. • Harmonization and or developing the existing regulation.

n=448 responden Source: Kompas R&D Center 15 Des ’17

Ratio of Lecturers; Students

INDONESIA

Advanced Countries

1 : 15 1: 8 JAPAN 1: 9 USA

State Uni Private Uni

Sciences

1:20

Others

1:30

Sciences

1:30

Others

1:40

(Times Higher Education, 2017)

“One Professor Thousand Students”

One lecturer (which is accompanied by tutor/assistant/mentor, could teach a big class. On the other hand, a lecturer could teach certain program study in universities with lack of lecturers.. 19

INOVASI PEMBELAJARAN DARING/DIGITAL Merupakan pengembangan implementasi SPADA merespon kebutuhan dunia kerja di era industri 4.0, dengan mengintegrasikan sistem pembelajaran daring, soft skills mahasiswa dan penjaminan mutu yang didukung oleh backbone infrastruktur jaringan IdREN sebagai perekat kerjasama antar perguruan tinggi di Indonesia.

20

SERVICES SPADA Open Content

Open Courses

SPADA Indonesia Sistem Pembelajaran Daring Indonesia 201 PT Mitra

18.138 Mahasiswa

Online Courses

221

297 54 PT Penyelenggara

ONLINE COURSES

279

Online Courses 7in1

102

Online Courses Student Exchange

29

PPG HYBRID Bidang Studi PPG Hybrid

MHS Batch I

Mahasiswa Batch II

MHS Batch II Tambahan

10.596 732 Total 18.103 Tidak Lulus Daring Lulus Daring 16.567 804 53

6.775

21

KERANGKA PENGEMBANGAN PENINGKATAN RELEVANSI, MUTU, DAN AKSES PENDIDIKAN TINGGI INOVASI PEMBELAJARAN DARING/DIGITAL

INOVASI SISTEM PEMBELAJARAN DARING/DIGITAL

INOVASI MODUL DARING/DIGITAL (MICROLEARNING)

PENJAMINAN MUTU

SOFT SKILLS LITERASI BARU

IMPLEMENTASI idREN + TEIN INFRASTRUKTUR JARINGAN

INITIATIVE INOVATIVE DIGITAL LEARNING AWARD (INIDIA) 22

INOVASI PEMBELAJARAN DARING/DIGITAL SISTEM PEMBELAJARAN DARING/DIGITAL DIDUKUNG OLEH IdREN

INOVASI MODUL DARING/DIGITAL (MICROLEARNING)

PENJAMINAN MUTU

SOFT SKILLS LITERASI BARU

Tujuan: mendorong penerapan inovasi pembelajaran modern (digital) secara terintegrasi dan holistik sesuai dengan SNDikti dan prinsip-prinsip pendidikan dan mengembangkan literasi baru lulusan perguruan tinggi.

MELALUI KEGIATAN:

PENGEMBANGAN (piloting)

BANTUAN PENDANAAN/ INSENTIF

SOSIALISASI [diseminasi]

BIMBINGAN DAN PENDAMPINGAN

MONITORING, EVALUASI, DAN DAMPAK

23

IMPLEMENTASI idREN + TEIN Tujuan: menerapkan pembelajaran jarak jauh (distance learning) dan jaringan penelitian lingkup nasional, regional dan internasional MELALUI KEGIATAN:

PENGEMBANGAN (piloting)

BANTUAN BIAYA

SOSIALISASI [diseminasi]

BIMBINGAN TEKNIS

MONITORING & EVALUASI

24

FASILITAS INFRASTRUKTUR JARINGAN Tujuan: menyediakan layanan infrastruktur jaringan pendidikan dan penelitian perguruan tinggi yang memadai, stabil dan handal untuk seluruh pendidikan tinggi di Indonesia MELALUI KEGIATAN:

PENGADAAN

PENGEMBANGAN & PEMUTAKHIRAN

DIGUNAKAN DAN DIPELIHARA BERSAMA BELMAWA DAN PT

25

REN

GLOBAL REN

Sebaran REN di dunia. Di Indonesia, Inherent sempat beroperasi 2006-2012

20% 34 REN

27% 45 REN

INTERNET 2

GEANT

6% 10 REN 18% 31 REN

IdREN • Jaringan tertutup (National Closed User) bagi

pendidikan dan riset • Antar PERGURUAN

Indonesia

13% 22 REN

16% 27 REN

TINGGI, LEMBAGA RISET • Terhubung ke REN Global • 3S (Single Network, Sharing

and Collaboration & Sustainable Platform)

26

KONSEP PEMANFAATAN IDREN DAN TEIN Dikembangkan dari INHERENT DIKTI 2006

TEIN

ITB 4796

PT

(Trans Eurasia Information Networks)

ASN 24490

ITB-idREN GATE

ASN 18007 PT/LEMBAGA DG/TANPA ASN

PT

ISP - 2

PT IDREN AS 64302

UB idREN GATE

Gov idREN GATE UB 46019 ASN : Autonomous System Number

ISP - n

UGM idREN GATE

ITS idREN GATE

UGM 47505

ITS 38331 PT

PT

UI idREN GATE

PT

PT

UI 3882 PT

27

PETA SEBARAN NODE IDREN PEKANBARU UNRI UINSUSKA

SINGAPURA TEIN

PONTIANAK UNTAN

SEMARANG UNDIP, UNNES STIKUBANK

SURABAYA BANJARMASIN TARAKAN GORONTALO MANADO ITS, PENS, PPNS, UNLAM UBO PALU UNG UNSRAT Petra UNTAD

MANOKWARI UNIPA

JAYAPURA UNCEN

100 Mbps NODE IDREN Jaringan tertutup 50 – 100 Mbps Terhubung ke REN global GATE IDREN 622 Mbps KAPASITAS LEBIH BESAR GATE TEIN KUALITAS LEBIH BAIK

BANDA ACEH UNSYIAH MEDAN USU

PALEMBANG POLSRI UIN R PATAH OGANILIR UNSRI LAMPUNG UNILA ITERA JAKARTA KEMRISTEKDIKTI UI, LIPI, PERPUSNAS BOGOR IPB

PADANG PN PADANG

BANDUNG ITB, POLMAN, UNPAD, TEL-U, UPI

JOGJAKARTA UGM, UNY, UAD, UMY, ISI , UAJY, USD,

SALATIGA UKSW

MALANG UB, UIN-MLG

JEMBER UNEJ

DENPASAR UNUD

MAKASSAR UNHASS

KUPANG UNDANA

AMBON UNPATTI

MERAUKE UMUSAMUS

28

KAMPUS & INSTITUSI YANG TERHUBUNG 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

Universitas Brawijaya Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta Syiah Kuala University (Unsyiah) Universitas Nusa Cendana Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahin (UIN Maliki) Universitas Islam Negeri Suska Riau Institut Teknologi Sumatera Universitas Negeri Padang Universitas Negeri Semarang Universitas Sebelas Maret Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia TELKOM UNIVERSITY Universitas Jember Universitas Negeri Gorontalo Politeknik Manufaktur Negeri Bandung Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi (Pusdatin) UNIVERSITAS SAM RATULANGI Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Universitas Padjadjaran University of Indonesia PPTIK - UNIVERSITAS GADJAH MADA ITB Universitas Diponegoro

26. Universitas Sumatera Utara 27. Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta 28. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia – LIPI 29. Universitas Tanjungpura 30. UIN Mataram 31. Univ. Mataram 32. UNM Makasar 33. UIN Alaudin Mks 34. UNRI 35. Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta 36. Universitas Cenderawasih 37. Univesitas Malikusaleh 38. UIN Raden Intan Lampung 39. Univ Borneo Tarakan 40. PETRA Surabaya 41. POLITANI Kupang 42. Poltekkes Kupang 43. Universitas Komputer Indonesia Bandung 44. Universitas Hasanudin 45. Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta 46. Universitas Negeri Surabaya 47. Universitas Ahmad Dahlan Yogyakarta 48. Universitas Andalas Padang 49. Universitas Negeri Jakarta 50. Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

IN PROGRESS CONNECTING 51. IPB 52. Universitas Tadulako 53. Politenik Negeri Bandung 54. PENS Surabaya 55. PPNS Surabaya 56. Politeknik Negeri Banjarmasin 57. Univ Widya Mandala Surabaya 58. UNIMED 59. UNPATTI 60. Univ Bengkulu 61. Politeknik Negeri Kupang 62. IAIN Palu 63. ULM Banjarmasin 64. UNIMOR 65. POLIJE 66. UPN Veteran Surabaya 67. Politeknik Negeri Semarang 68. POLNES Samarinda 69. UIN Ar-Raniry Aceh 70. UNIMA Manado 71. IPDN Papua 72. Univ Sembilanbelas November Kolaka 73. Universitas Halu Oleo Kendari 74. IAIN Jember 75. UINSA Surabaya 76. UMM Malang 77. Universitas Papua 78. UNMUL Samarinda 79. UIN Imam Bonjol Padang

29

REGULATOR 1. Kemenristekdikti dan Kementerian lain 2. LPNK dan lembaga lain 3. PEMDA

PENTAHELIX

MANFAAT IdREN IDREN memfasilitasi interaksi antar STAKEHOLDER untuk SINERGI dalam pengembangan EKONOMI DIGITAL

AKADEMISI

INDUSTRI

1. 2. 3. 4.

1. BCE (BUMN Center of Excellence) 2. UMKM, Start up 3. Industri lainnya

MEDIA 1. 2. 3. 4.

Media Cetak Media Elektronik Media Digital Contact Center, dll.

PTN PTS Rumah Sakit Pendidikan PUI-PT, dll.

KOMUNITAS RISET 1. Lembaga Riset: LIPI, BPPT, LAPAN 2. Asosiasi Profesi/Industri 3. LSP, LSM, dll.

30

INOVASI PEMBELAJARAN DARING/DIGITAL PENGEMBANGAN DAN INOVASI Pengembangan modul dan model pembelajaran digital: Synchronous Telelearning Satu Dosen Mengajar Ribuan Mahasiswa di banyak PT

GLOBAL Education School of Internet, Telemedicine Education Community, International Worskhop/Seminar

SPADA Indonesia Mata Kuliah Daring, Mata Kuliah Terbuka, & Materi Terbuka

• Pengembangan SPADA • Menawarkan mata kuliah daring (nasional) rintisan prodi inovatif • Pengakuan Kredit dan Transfer Kredit • Mobilisasi Mahasiswa dan Dosen • Teknologi asistif untuk difabel • Kolaborasi Pengembangan Materi daring

GLOBAL Research Trans Euro-asia Information Network (TEIN), Asia Pacific Advance Network (APAN), AUN SEED NET, ASEA UNINET

31

INOVASI MODUL DIGITAL (MICROLEARNING) Membangun Konten Indonesia

PLATFORM Sumber Belajar Digital Terbuka pada SPADA

FORUM

Pengembangan dan Pemanfaatan Materi Pembelajaran Bersama

EKSPOSE

Video Ekspert Indonesia

REPOSITORI • Jurnal Ilmiah • Hasil Karya • Data Sains

32

Proses Penyelenggaraan • CP : sama dengan tatap muka. • Beban studi: sama dengan tatap muka. • Credit earning: pengakuan yang sama oleh PT penyedia dan PT penerima. • Penyelenggaraan Pembelajaran: fleksibel, terbuka, belajar mandiri;,belajar di mana dan kapan saja, dan berbasis TIK. Interaksi tatap muka tetap dilakukan minimal/termediasi, praktek/praktikum/studio/bengkel

• Evaluasi hasil belajar 2x per semester secara tatap muka atau berbasis TIK terproktor, sumberdaya untuk penilaian hasil belajar, tanda lulus MK/prodi & SKPI.

• Prodi: dosen/asisten yang kompeten, proses pembimbingan daring/tatap muka, penjaminan mutu pembelajaran daring. • Soft skills: keterampilan mahasiswa dan kesiapan bekerja lulusan bertambah melalui introduksi literasi baru berbasis TIK. • Penjaminan Mutu: Internal dan Eksternal sesuai karakteristik PJJ, penguatan SPMI untuk memantau dan mengevaluasi mutu pembelajaran daring. 33

34