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7 7 Ip∂pw Ncnhpw hbepw Dƒs∏´ ap\nkn∏men‰nbpsS hS°v `mKw Ip∏w ]pgbpw sX°v `mKw Ip‰nt°m¬ ]pgbpamWv. hS°v `mK Øp≈ Ip∏w {]tZihpw sX°v `mKØp≈ Ip‰nt°mepw sX...

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Xfn-∏-dºv ss_∏mkv _Z¬ \n¿tZ-i-߃

tIcf imkv{XkmlnXy ]cnjØv

{]km-[I - ° - p-dn∏v tIc-f-hn-I-k\w F√m-h-cp-sSbpw ap{Zm-hm-Iy-am-sW-¶nepw hnIk-\-Im-gvN-∏mSv F√m-h¿°pw Hcp-t]m-se-b-√. km[m-cW P\-ßfpsS ASn-ÿm\Pohn-Xm-h-iy-߃ kpÿn-c-ambn \nd-th-‰-s∏-Sp∂-Xm-hWw hnI-k\ - s - a∂ Imcy-Øn¬ F√m-hcpw tbmPn-°pw. KXmKX kuI-cy-߃ h¿[n-°p∂Xpw hnI-k-\-Øns‚ `mK-am-Wv. F∂m¬ AXn-\p-th≠n Bhn-jvI-cn-°p∂ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ BcpsS Xm¬]-cy-amWv kwc-£n-°p-∂Xv F∂Xv ]e-t∏mgpw hne-bn-cp-Ømdn-√. AXp-sIm≠pXs∂ tZio-b-]m-Xm-hn-I-k-\-cwKw an°-t∏mgpw kwL¿j-ap-J-cn-X-am-Im-dp-≠v. tIc-fØ - nse Db¿∂ P\-km-{μ-Xbpw Ipd™ `qe-`y-Xbpw ]mcnÿn-XnI {]tXy-I-X-Ifpw tZio-b-]mXmhnI-k-\-Øn¬ Ah-K-Wn°-s∏-Sp∂ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. `qan-im-kv{X-]-c-amb {]tXy-I-X-Iƒ ImcWw tIc-f-Ønse sX°p-h-S°v bm{X kuI-cy-{]-Z-am-°m≥ sdbn¬ KXm-K-Xhpw Ing-°p-]-Sn-™mdv bm{Xbv°v tdmUp-K-Xm-KXhpambncn°pw A\p-tbm-Pyw. CXn-\¿Yw sX°p-h-S°v tZio-b]mX Bh-iyan√ F∂√ ˛ tZio-b-]mXmhnI-k\w tIc-f-Øns‚ ]mcn-ÿn-XnI Ah-ÿ-IqSn ]cn-K-Wn-®p-sIm-≠p-≈-Xm-I-W-sa-∂mWv.- kz-Im-cy-hm-l\ s]cp-∏-Øn-\-\p-k-cn®v tdmUp-hn-I-kn-∏n-°pI F∂Xv {]mtbm-Kn-I-a-√. s]mXp-K-Xm-KXw t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\m-IWw ap≥K-W-\. s]mXp-K-Xm-KX kuI-cy-hn-I-k-\-Øns‚ `mKambn ]mX-Iƒ hnI-kn-∏n-°p-tºm-gpw, ]pXnb ]mX-Ifpw ^vssfHmh-dp-Ifpw Bkq-{XWw sNøp-tºmgpw sNe-hv, ]cn-ÿnXn BLmXw, kpÿn-cX F∂nh {]tXyIw ]cn-K-Wn-°-Ww. e`y-amb F√m _Z¬ km[y-X-Ifpw ]cn-tim-[n-°p-Ibpw thWw. CØcw hnIk\-{]-h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS ^e-ambn hoSpw ÿehpw \jvS-s∏-Sp-∂-hcpsS ]p\-c-[n-hm-k-Øn\pw \jvS-]-cn-lm-c-Øn\pw kp{]-[m\ ]cnK-W\ \¬Ip-Ibpw thWw. AtXm-sSm∏w, GI-]-£o-b-ambn Xocp-am-\-߃ FSpØv, AXv P\-ß-fn¬ ASn-t®-ev]n-°msX, F√m-hn-`mKw P\-ß-sfbpw ]¶mfn-I-fm-°n-s°m≠p≈ hn]p-e-amb kwhm-Z-ß-fn-eqsS, Ah-sc-°qSn t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠p-thWw GXv ]≤-Xn-Ifpw \S-∏m-t°-≠Xv. Cu s]mXp kao-]-\-Øns‚ ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Xfn-∏-dºv ss_∏mkv \n¿am-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´p≈ _Z¬ km[y-X-I-fmWv Cu eLp-teJ apt∂m-´p-h-bv°p-∂-Xv. tIcf imkv{X-km-lnXy ]cn-jØv

Xfn-∏d - ºv ss_∏mkv _Z¬ \n¿tZi-߃ tZio-b-]mX 66 (]gb NH 17) \mephcn∏mXbmbn hnIkn∏n®v KXmKXw IqSpX¬ Imcy£aam°m\p≈ ]≤Xn°v h¿jßfpsS ]g°ap≠v. tI{μk¿°mcns‚bpw \mjW¬sslth hnIk\ AtXmdn‰nbpsSbpw \n_‘\Iƒ°phnt[bambn, AXnthK Øn¬ ÿesaSp∏pw \n¿amW{]h¿Ø\hpw ]q¿ØoIcn°m≥ tIcfk¿°mcpw ipjvIm¥n ImWn°p∂p. CXns‚ `mKambn ]mX hnIk\hpambn _‘s∏´v Xfn∏dºv \KcØn\v Hcp ss_∏mkv \n¿an°p∂Xn\p≈ {]mcw`{]h¿Ø\߃ \S∂psIm≠ncn°p IbmWv. tZiob]mXbnse hml\s∏cp∏Øns‚bpw X¬^eambn \KctI{μßfn¬ D≠mIp∂ KXmKX°pcp°ns‚bpw ]›mØe Øn¬ \Kc߃°v Hcp ss_]m v F∂ Bibw cq]s∏´ph∂n ´p≠v. CXns\ hensbmcp `mKw P\߃ AwKoIcn°bpw sNøp ∂p. sslth hnIk\w \S°ptºmƒ Zo¿LImemhiyw IqSn ap≥ \n¿Øn Bdphcn∏mXbmWv th≠sX∂ hmZKXnIfpw AXns‚ `mKambmWv Dbcp∂Xv. F∂m¬ {]mtbmKnIXeØn¬ FØp tºmgmWv IpSnsbmgn∏n°¬, ]cnÿnXn BLmXw, hnhn[ ÿm]nXXmev ] cy߃ XpSßnb {]iv \ ßsfsb√mw A`n kwt_m[\ sNtø≠nhcp∂Xv. khntijamb `q{]IrXnbpw Db¿∂ P\km{μXbpw D≈ tIcfØn¬ Cu {]iv\ßsf√mw IqSpX¬ k¶o¿WambXn\memWv, \mjW¬sslth AtXmdn ‰nbpsSbpw tI{μk¿°mcns‚bpw kΩ¿Zap≠mbn´pw \mephcn ∏mX F∂ \nebn¬ ]mXhnIk\w ]cnanXs∏SpØm≥ tIcf

k¿°m¿ Xocpam\n®Xv. tIcfØns‚ `q{]IrXnbpw ]mcnÿnXnI khntijXbpw ae\mSv, CS\mSv, Xoc{]tZiw F∂nßs\ `qanimkv{X]cambn th¿Xncn°mhp∂Xpw hoXn Ipd™v, sX°v hS°pZnibn¬ \o≠p InS°p∂Xpamb kwÿm\amWv tIcfw. Db¿∂ Ip∂n≥ Ncnhp Ifpw h\ßfpamWv ae\mSns‚ khntijX. Xmgv-hcIfpw XÆo¿ ØSßfpw Ipfßfpw sNdph\ßfpsa√mambn khntijXIƒ Gsdbp≈ `qhn`mKamWv CS\mSv-. XmgvhcIfn¬ \s√mcp`mKw hbepIfmWv. Xoc{]tZißfmIs´ hnimeamb ImbepIfpw I≠¬h\ßfpw sIm≠v ]mcnÿnXnIamb {i≤t\Sp∂p. IqSmsX ]›naL´Øn¬ Bcw`n®v tIcfsØ apdns®mgpIn Ad_n°S en¬ Ahkm\n°p∂ 41 \ZnIƒ. ae\m´n¬\n∂v Ingt°ms´mgp Ip∂ aq∂p\ZnIƒ. Cu khntijXIƒ F√mw ]cnKWn®mWv kwÿm\sØ KXmKXhnIk\w sX°v hS°v Znibn¬ sdbn¬ th°pw Ing°v ]Sn™mdp Znibn¬ tdmUpIƒ°pw Du∂¬ \¬In bp≈XmhWw F∂v imkv{XkmlnXy ]cnjØv apºpXs∂ ]d™n´p≈Xv. tdmUpIƒ°pw sI´nS߃°pambn \nIØnbpw a‰v \mWy hnf Iƒ IrjnsNbvXpw henb Afhn¬ s\¬∏mS߃ C√mXmbn ´p≠v. F∂m¬ Cu {]hWX XpScp∂Xns‚ B]Øv C∂v Xncn® dnbp∂p≠v. tImSn°W°n\v h¿jßfpsS `ua{]{InbbneqsS bmWv hbepIƒ cq]s∏´Xv. aetbmcßfn¬\n∂v {ItaW h∂Sn bp∂ F°¬ Ie¿∂XmWv hbense ^e`qbnjvTXbp≈ aÆv. [m\yßfpsS Irjn°pw AXphgn `£ykpc£°pw Cu aÆpw hbepw IqSntb Xocq. henb Hcp Pekw`cWn IqSnbmWv hbep Iƒ. ag°meØv Pew kw`cn®v hfsc kmh[m\w `qanbnte°v In\n™ndßn `qK¿`Pew doNm¿Pv sNøp∂Xn¬ hfsc henb ]¶mWv AXv \n¿hln°p∂Xv. hben\v kao]ap≈ InWdpIƒ th\enepw Pekar≤amIp∂Xv AXpsIm≠mWv. Cu Xncn®dn hn¬\n∂mWv `t£ymXv]mZ\sØbpw Pekwc£WsØbpw ap≥\n¿Øn s\¬hbepIƒ kwc£n°s∏SWw F∂mhiys∏´p sIm≠v \nch[n {]t£m`߃ tIcfØn¬ hnhn[ {]tZißfn¬ Db¿∂p h∂Xv. I¿jIsØmgnemfn kwLS\Iƒ \SØnb kac ߃ C°mcyØn¬ henb ]¶v hln®n´p≠v-. Ip´\mSv hbepIƒ henb ]cn°pIfn√msX kwc£n°s∏´v \n¬°p∂Xn¬ B kacØn\v {][m\ ]¶mWp≈Xv. In\meq¿, Bd≥apf, ]pg°¬, sa{Xm≥ Imb¬ XpSßn \nch[n {]tZißfn¬ hnIk\]≤XnI 4

5 fpsS t]cn¬ hb¬ \nIØp∂Xns\Xnsc P\tcmjw Db¿∂ph ∂n´p≠v. bYm¿YØn¬ Cu hn[w Db¿∂ph∂ Xncn®dnhns‚bpw cmjv{Sobt_m[Øns‚bpw {]Xn^e\amWv, 2008¬ tIcf \nba k` ]m m°nb s\¬hb¬ XÆo¿ØSkwc£W\nbaw. CXp {]Imcw {]mtZinIamb XÆo¿ØSßfpw hbepIfpw kwc£n°p ∂Xn\v {]mtZinI`cWkwhn[m\ßfpw k¿°mcpw {]Xn⁄m _≤amWv. ]mhs∏´h¿°v hoSphbv°p∂Xn\pt]mepw s\¬hb epIƒ \nIØm≥ \nbaw A\phZn°p∂n√. C¥ybn¬ Xs∂ P\km{μX IqSpXep≈ kwÿm\amWv tIcfw. tZiobicmicn NXpc{i Intemao‰dn¬ 382 BsW¶n¬ tIcfØneXv 860 BWv. F∂v am{Xa√ a‰v kwÿm\ßfn¬ P\߃ \Kcßfn¬ tI{μoIcn®v hkn°ptºmƒ, tIcfØn¬ {Kma˛\Kc hyXymkan√msX P\߃ Xnßn∏m¿°p∂p. PohnXKpWta∑bn¬ tIcfw C¥ybn¬ G‰hpw ap∂nemWv. hnZym`ymk]camb anIhns‚ ]n≥_eØn¬ ]pdwcmPyßfn¬ G‰hpw IqSpX¬ t]¿ tPmensNøp∂Xpw aebmfnIfmWv. h¿[n® tXmXn¬ hcp∂ hntZi∏Whpw tkh\taJebpsS hf¿®bpw tIcfØn¬ ]pXnsbmcp a[yh¿KsØ kr„n®p. H∏w BtKmf h¬°cWw kr„n® ItºmfhnImkhpw tN¿∂v G‰hpw henb D]t`mKkwÿm\ambn tIcfw amdn. sI´nS \n¿amWtaJebpsS XzcnXhf¿®bpw hml\s∏cp∏hpw tIcfØns‚ apJap{Zbmbn. \n¿amWtaJe Im¿jnItaJebn¬\n∂v ]pd¥≈p∂h¿°v Xm¬°menIambn sXmgn¬ \¬Ip∂ CSambn amdn. Cu am‰w Irjn`qanbpsS \miØn\pw, ]cnÿnXnbpsS XI¿®°pw, `qanbpsS hne {IamXoXambn Dbcp∂Xn\pw, Irjn hym]Iambn C√mXm°p ∂Xn\pw CSbm°n. 1991-˛92 ¬ 5,41,000 slŒ¿ s\¬Irjnbp≠mbn cp∂Xv 2015˛-16 ¬ 1,97,000 slŒ¿ Bbn Npcpßn. Im¿jnItaJebn¬ \n∂v hymhkmbnI, tkh\taJeIfn te°v P\߃ Xncnbp∂Xv kmºØnIhnImktØmsSm∏w kw` hn°p∂ Hcp kzm`mhnI ImcyamWv. F∂m¬ Irjn`qanbpw Im¿jn tIm¬]mZ\hpw C√mXm°ns°m≠√ Cu am‰w D≠mtI≠Xv. B[p\nIhXvIcWØneqsS D¬]mZ\£aX Db¿Ønbpw, D¬ ]mZ\w h¿[n∏n®pw BWv Cu am‰w kw`hnt°≠Xv. F∂m¬ tIcfØn¬ IrjnXs∂ C√mXmIp∂p F∂XmWv {]iv\w. Ah tijn°p∂ hbepIsf¶nepw kwc£n°Wsa∂ \ne]mSnte°v P\]£\ne]mSp≈ cmjv{Sob{]ÿm\ßfpw kwLS\Ifpw FØnbXv Aßs\bmWv. 5

D¬]mZ\sØ°mƒ D]t`mKØn¬ Du∂p∂ \mSmbn tIcfw ]cnWan®Xns‚ {]ISamb DZmlcWamWv hml\cwKØv Zriy amhp∂Xv. tIcfØn¬ c≠pZiIßfnep≠mb hml\ h¿[\ hns‚ IW°v NphsS sImSp°p∂p. (Ahew_w-: tIcf C°tWm anIv dnhyp) 1998˛-99 2011˛-12 2015-˛16 BsI hml\w 1708938 6865539 10171813 kzImcy ImdpIƒ 228824 1226691 2070665 IÆq¿ BsI 90344 332989 601790 2015-˛16 ¬ 40826 hml\ßfmWv IÆq¿ Pn√bn¬ ]pXpXmbn cPnÿ sNbvXXv. CXn¬ 14582 FÆw kzImcy ImdpIfmWv. 1998˛99 ¬ 10268 hml\߃ BsI cPnÿ sNbvXt∏mƒ 521 am{X ambncp∂p ImdpIƒ. hml\s∏cp∏Øns‚ tXmXv {IamXoXambtXmsS \nehnep≈ tdmUpIƒ kpKaamb KXmKXØn\v aXnbmImsX h∂ncn°p∂p. tdmUpIfpsS hoXnIq´p∂Xpw ]pXnb tdmUpIƒ \n¿ant°≠n hcp∂Xpw AXpsIm≠mWv. tIcfØns‚ `q{]IrXn A\pkcn®v Hcphn[Ønepw Ip∂pIƒ CSn°msXbpw hbepIƒ \nIØm sXbpw tdmUv hnIk\w km[ya√ F∂v hy‡w. At∏mƒ Cu k¶o¿Wmhÿsb Fßs\ adnIS°m\mhpw? \mev ImcyßfmWv P\]£hpw ÿmbnbpamb hnIk\ImgvN∏mSn¬ \n∂psIm≠v \n¿tZin°m\p≈Xv. 1. s]mXpKXmKXw i‡ns∏SpØnbpw imkv { Xobam°nbpw kzImcyhml\ßsf B{ibnt°≠ kmlNcyw ]camh[n Ipdbv°pI. 2. kzImcyhml\s∏cp∏sØ hnhn[coXnbn¬ \nb{¥n°pI. \nIpXnIƒ, ^okpIƒ, kab\nb{¥Ww, {]thi\w, hgn Xncn ®phnS¬. Chsbms° D]tbmKs∏SpØmw. 3. tdmUpIƒ hnIkn∏nt°≠n hcptºmƒ a‰v am¿Kßfns√¶n¬ am{Xta hbepIƒ \nIØm≥ A\phZn°mhp. 4. {][m\ \Kcßfn¬ sNøp∂Xpt]mse ^v s sfHmhdpIƒ \n¿an°pI. Xfn∏dºv \Kcw 13.30 NXpc{iIntemao‰¿ hnkvXrXnbpw Fgp]Xn\mbnctØmfw P\kwJybpap≈ \KcamWv Xfn∏dºv ap\nkn∏men‰n. \Kc Øns‚ lrZb`mKw kap{Z\nc∏n¬\n∂v 45 ao‰¿ DbcØnemWv. 6

7 Ip∂pw Ncnhpw hbepw Dƒs∏´ ap\nkn∏men‰nbpsS hS°v `mKw Ip∏w ]pgbpw sX°v `mKw Ip‰nt°m¬ ]pgbpamWv. hS°v `mK Øp≈ Ip∏w {]tZihpw sX°v `mKØp≈ Ip‰nt°mepw sX°v ]Sn™mdp≈ Iqthm´pw ]Sn™mdv `mKØp≈ Iogm‰qcpw Np‰pap≈ ÿeßsf°mƒ Xmgv∂ {]tZißfmWv. \KcØn¬ e`yamb BsI hbepIƒ (229.4 slŒ¿) Cu {]tZißfnembn hym]n®p InS°p∂p. hbens‚ Np‰pap≈ Ip∂pIƒ Cu hbepIƒ°v kwc£Whebw krjvSn°p∂p. {]IrXn I\n™\p{Kln® \√ XÆo¿ØSßfmWv Cu {]tZiw. Ip∏w ]pgbpsS A©p ssat{Im hm´¿ sjÕp-Ifn¬ Dƒs∏´XmWv Cu hbepIƒ. ( 33K36a, 33K41a, 33K41b, 33K41c, 33K 42a F∂nhbmWh)

7

Ip‰nt°m¬ `mKØv hb¬ hnkvXrXamsW¶nepw IqthmSv Iogm‰q¿ `mKsØ hbepIƒ°v 100˛-200 ao‰¿ hoXn am{Xsa D≈p. IqthmSv, ]pfnºdºv, πmtØm´w {]tZiØp\n∂pw \KcØns‚ lrZb`mKØp\n∂pw agsh≈w HgpInsbØp∂Xv Cu hb¬ `mKtØ°mWv. ]mfbmSp tXm´neqsSbmWv \KcØn¬\n∂p≈ Pew HgpIn Cu {]tZiØp FØnt®cp∂Xv. Cu tXmSv Iogm‰q¿, IqthmSv `mKØpIqSn HgpIn Ip‰nt°m¬ ]pgbn¬ sN∂v tNcp∂p. Xr—w_cw Ggmwssa¬ `mKØv \n∂p≈ agsh≈hpw c≠v Acphn IfneqsS Cu tXm´nte°mWv FØnt®cp∂Xv. Pq¨, Pqembv, BKkvXv amkßfn¬ IqthmSv-˛Iogm‰q¿ hb¬{]tZiw ]q¿W ambnØs∂ sh≈Øn∂SnbnemWv. GItZiw H∂c ao‰¿hsc DbcØnseØpw Pe\nc∏v. πmtØm´w, IqthmSv, \Kc`mKßfnse `qK¿`PehnXm\sØ Cu hb¬ {]tZiw henbtXmXn¬ kzm[o \n°p∂p F∂v hy‡amWv. ISpØ th\¬°meØpw hben\v Ccp`mKØpap≈ Ic{]tZißfnse InWdpIfn¬ Pew kpe` amWv. CXp IqSmsX h¿jw apgph≥ Pew e`yamIp∂ Ic`mK Øp≈ 16 Ipfßfpw hbepIfn¬ PetkN\Øn\mbn Xo¿Ø A≥]tXmfw sNdpIpfßfpw ChnsSbp≠v. th\en¬ \Kc{]tZ iØv Pe£maw A\p`hn°ptºmƒ Sm¶¿temdnbn¬ IpSnsh≈ saØn°m≥ B{ibn°p∂Xv Cu {]tZisØ Pet{kmX pIsf bmWv. sNdp hnkvXrXnbnep≈ ChnSsØ sh≈s°´pw Irjnbpw hcƒ®bpsa√mw tN¿∂v khntijamb Hcp ssPhhyqlhpw ChnsS cq]s∏´n´p≠v. \Kck`bnse Irjn°mcn¬ `qcn`mKØns‚bpw IrjnbnS߃ Cu ]mStiJcßfnemWv. 573 I¿jIcpsS ssIhiambn 229.4 G°¿ s\¬hbemWv Cu {]tZiØv BsIbp≈Xv. hb¬ Irjn°m¿ hnkvXrXn Iogm‰q¿ 48.9 171 IqthmSv 89 134 Ip‰nt°m¬ 91.5 268 c≠pXhWbmWv Cu {]tZiØv Irjn \S°pI. HcpXhW s\√pw, th\en¬ ]®°dnbpw. HcpImeØv Xfn∏dºnse ]®°dn hn]Wnbn¬ \s√mcp ]¶v hln®ncp∂Xv ChnSp∂p≈ D¬]∂ ßfmbncp∂p. I¿jIIpSpw_ßfnse ]pXnb Xeapd Im¿jn tIXctaJeIfnte°v Xncn™tXmsS Irjn`qan XcninSp∂ {]hWX h¿[n®ncps∂¶nepw, k¿°m¿ \n¿tZihpw {]mtZinI 8

9 `cWIqSØns‚ CSs]Sepw IqSnbmbt∏mƒ ASpØImeØmbn s\¬Irjn Imcyambn h¿[n®n´p≠v. Ip‰nt°m¬ ]pgbpsS kao]ap≈ hb¬{]tZiw apdn®mWv \nehn¬ tZiob]mX IS∂pt]mIp∂Xv. AXn∂ncp]pdhpw sXßv \Sphm\pw sI´nS߃ ]Wnbm\pw aÆn´p\nIØn `qanbpsS kz`mhØn¬ am‰w hcpØnbn´p≠v. sslth°v \nehn¬ 20-˛30 ao‰¿ hoXnbmWp≈Xv. Ip‰nt°m¬ apX¬ Ggmwssa¬ hsc ]mX °ncphihpw ]mXtbmSv tN¿∂v \n¿anXnItfsdbn√. F∂m¬ Ggmw ssa¬ Xr—w_cw {]tZiw, \Kcw hym]n®psIm≠ncn°p∂ {]tZi amWv. sslth°pw hb¬ {]tZiØn\panSbnep≈ IqthmSv , πmtØm´w, ]qt°mØv sXcp{]tZi߃ P\km{μXIqSnb {]tZißfmWv. \KcØnse dknU≥jy¬ Gcnb Bbn hnIkn °p∂ ChnSw th\en¬ ISpØ Pe£maw A\p`hn°p∂ {]tZiw IqSnbmWv. ]ecpw IpSnsh≈Øn\mbn B{ibn°p∂Xv Ipg¬ °nWdpIsfbmWv. Ccp\qtdmfw Ipg¬°nWdpIfmWv Ct∏mƒ ChnsSbp≈Xv. P∏m≥ IpSnsh≈]≤XnbpsS kuIcyw ASpØ ImeØv e`yam°nbn´p≠v. KXmKXw Ip‰nt°m¬ apX¬ Ip∏w hsc Xfn∏dºv \KcØns‚ lrZb `mKØpIqsS IS∂v t]mIp∂ tZio-b-]mXbmWv ss_∏m v hgn adnIS°m≥ Dt±in°p∂Xv. \nehn¬ 25000 apX¬ 40000 hsc hml\߃ Ccp`mKØpambn AXneqsS IS∂pt]mIp∂p. hml\ ßfn¬ aq∂nsem∂v `mKtØmfw ImdpIfmWv. \Kc`mKØv ASp ØImewhsc XpSsc KXmKX°pcp°v D≠mbncp∂p. F∂m¬ tdmUn¬ UnsshUdpIƒ ÿm]n°pIbpw KXmKX kwhn[m\ Øn¬ Nne am‰ßƒ hcpØpIbpw sNbvXt∏mƒ KXmKX°pcp °n\v sNdnb ia\ap≠mbn´p≠v. Hcp {]hrØn Znhkhpw Hscmgnhv Znhkhpw sslthbneqsS IS∂pt]mb hml\ßfpsS IW°v FSpØt∏mƒ In´nb hnhcw NphsS tN¿°p∂p. 12.1.18 PCU 14.1.18 PCU _kv Im¿ temdn

(sh≈n)

Value

(Rmb¿) Value

3174 8930 1638

11109 8930 5943

1515 8981 745

9

5302 8981 2608

CcpN{Ihml\w Hmt´m Po]v an\ntemdn BsI

10932 7516 2607 34857

5456 6029 5735 43202

8796 4947 1103 26087

4398 3958 2427 27674

(F√m hml\ßsfbpw ImdpIfmbn IW°m°nbm¬ D≠mhp∂ FÆamWv ]m ©¿ Im¿ bqWn‰v hmeyq. PCU Value)

Xfn∏dºv ss_∏m v ss_∏m ns‚ c≠p km[yXIfmWv sslth AtXmdn‰n ]cntim[n®Xmbn a\ nem°p∂Xv. 1) Ip‰nt°m¬ apX¬ IqthmSv˛πmtØm´w ˛ a - m‘wIp≠v hgn Ip∏whsc 2). Ip‰nt°m¬˛IqthmSv˛Iogm‰q¿ hgn Ip∏whsc. CXp IqSmsX \nehnep≈ sslth hnIkn∏n®psIm≠p≈ km[yXbpw ]cntim[n°s∏SWsa∂mWv ]cnjØns‚ A`n{]mbw. Ah aq∂pw XmcXayw sNøp∂Xnte °mbn Hmtcm∂ns‚bpw ]mcnÿnXnIhpw kmaqlnIhpw kmº ØnIhpamb hi߃ NphsS tN¿°p∂p. 1. Ip‰nt°m¬-˛πmtØm´w˛Ip∏w 5.47 In ao \ofap≈ tdmUmbncn°panXv. tdmUp \n¿amWØn\v, BsI Gs‰Spt°≠ 26.17 slŒ¿ `qanbn¬, 17.48 slŒ¿ kzImcy DSaÿXbnep≈ Ic`qanbmWv . Ip‰nt°m¬, am‘wIp≠v `mKßfnep≈ 8.19 slŒ¿ XÆo¿ØSw \nItØ≠nhcpw. P\ hmkap≈ {]tZißfn¬ IqSn IS∂pt]mIp∂Xn\m¬ hoSpIfpw sI´nSßfpw Gsdbpw s]mfn®p\ot°≠n hcnI Cu Asse≥ sa‚nemWv. 116 hoSpIfpw 4 hym]mcÿm]\ßfpw CXn¬s]Spw. `qan \„s∏Sp∂Xpw InS∏mSw am‰p∂Xpw {]tZihmknIfpsS FXn¿∏v hnfn®phcpØntb°mw. F∂m¬ AØcØnep≈ kwL SnXFXn¿∏pIƒ H∂pw k¿sh \S°p∂ L´Øn¬ D≠mbn´n√. `qan Gs‰Sp°en\pw ]p\c[nhmkØn\pw th≠ sNehpIƒ am‰n \n¿Ønbm¬ G‰hpw Ipd™sNehn¬ \n¿amWw km[yamIpI Cu hgn°mWv. 2. Ip‰nt°m¬˛-IqthmSv-˛Iogm‰q¿ Ct∏mƒ sslth AtXmdn‰n AwKoIcn®v BZyhn⁄m]\w Cd°nb Asse≥sa‚ v CXmWv. P\hmkw Ipd™ {]tZiØp IqSn IS∂pt]mIp∂p F∂mWnXns‚ ta∑. 6 In.ao \ofw hcpw. AXmbXv \nehnep≈ sslth, BZyw \n¿tZin® ]mX Chsb °mƒ 0.50 In.ao IqSpXemWv. 29.11 slŒ¿`qan Gs‰Sp°Ww. AXn¬ 21.09 slŒdpw hb¬{]tZitam a‰v XÆo¿ØStam BWv. 10

11 Gs‰Spt°≠ ]pcbnS߃ 7.22 slŒ¿ BWv. 30 hoSpIfpw 4 hym]mcÿm]\ßfpw 4 sjÕpIfpamWv s]mfn®p\ot°≠n hcnI. IS∂pt]mIp∂ `mKØntesdbpw XÆo¿ØSßfmWv F∂XmWv Cu Asse≥sa‚ns‚ apJykhntijX. Ip‰nt°m¬ Hgn®v _m°n `mKßfnse hb¬ hfsc hoXnIpd™XmbXn\m¬ AhnSßfnse˛-IqthmSv-˛Iogm‰q¿ {]tZißfnse -hb¬ ]q¿W ambn C√mXmIpw. apºv kqNn∏n®Xpt]mse Xfn∏dºv, ]pfnºdºv, IqthmSv, πmtØm´w {]tZißfn¬ \ns∂√mw sh≈w HgpInsbØpIbpw kw`cn°bpw sNøp∂XmWo hbepIƒ. hS°pw, Ing°pw, ]Sn™mdpap≈ DbcwIqSnb Ip∂n≥{]tZisØ sh≈wIqSn Cu hbepIfn¬ HgpIn FØp∂p. X∑qeap≠mIp∂ ]mcnÿn XnI{]iv\ßfmWv ]T\hnt[bamtI≠ Hcp Imcyw. ag°meØv Cu {]tZitØ°v HgpInsbØp∂ sh≈w ]q¿WambnØs∂ Ip‰nt°m¬ ]pgbnte°v Hgp°pIbmtWm sNøpI? AXn\p≈ kwhn[m\w Fs¥ms°bmbncn°pw? sh≈w ]q¿Wambn ]pgbnte°v Hgp°n°fbpIbmsW¶n¬ Cu {]tZisØbpw kao]tZißfnsebpw hm´¿ tS_nfn¬ F¥p hyXymkw hcpw? hb¬ \nIØs∏Sp∂Xv Cu {]tZisØ Pekar≤nsb Fßs\ _m[n°pw? F∂o Imcy߃ hniZambnØs∂ ]T\hnt[b amt°≠Xp≠v . \n¿Zn„ss_∏m v ]q¿ØnbmbXn\ptijw sh≈w HgpInt∏mIp∂Xn\p≈ kwhn[m\w Xr]vXnIcamIm Xncn°tbm XS s∏SpItbm sNøp∂psh∂v IcpXpI. kao] Ic{]tZi߃ sh≈s°´ns‚ ZpcnXw A\p`hnt°≠nhcpw F∂p≈ Imcyw Dd∏mWv-. kao]ÿeßtf°mƒ Gsd Xmgv∂pInS°p∂ Cu hben¬ °qSn tdmUv ]Wnbm≥ NpcpßnbXv aq∂cao‰¿ F¶nepw hb¬ aÆn´v Db¿tØ≠nhcpw. 6 In.ao tdmUn¬ \mec Intemao‰dpw Cu hn[w aÆn´v Db¿tØ≠p∂ {]tZiamWv. tdmUv \n¿tZin° s∏´n´p≈Xv 45 ao‰¿ hoXnbnemWv. A{Xbpw hoXnbnemWv (NphsS IqSpX¬ hnkvXrXnbn¬ thWw) aÆnSp∂sX¶n¬ Xs∂ 6,48,000 Iyp ao, AYhm 1,30,000 temUv aÆmWv th≠nhcnI. FhnSp∂mWv C{Xbpw aÆv sIm≠phcnI? sslth \n¿amWØn\nSbn¬ C{Xbpw aÆv a‰nSßfn¬ \n∂v e`yamtWm? AtXm CXn\mbn {]tXyIw Ip∂pIƒ CSnt°≠n hcptam? F¶n¬ AXns‚ ]mcnÿnXnI BLmXw? {]YaZr„ymXs∂ ]mcnÿnXnIambn Gsd khntijXIfp≈ Cu {]tZiw ]msS am‰n adn°m≥ 11

Xocpam\n°ps∂¶n¬ hniZamb ]mcnÿnXnI]T\w AXy¥m t]£nXamWv F∂mWnXv kqNn∏n°p∂Xv. sslth \n¿amWØn\v th≠nhcp∂ sNehpw ]cntim[\m hnt[bam°Ww. ÿew Gs‰Sp°p∂ ChnsS A[nIw ]Ww sNehgnt°≠nhcn√. ImcWw hbepIƒ°v am¿°‰v hne Ipdhm sW∂Xn\m¬. (s\¬hb¬ ]cnh¿Ø\w sNøp∂Xn\p≈ \nb{¥WamWv AXns‚bpw ImcWw). F∂m¬ tdmUv \n¿amW Øn\mbn `qan ]mIs∏SpØnsbSp°p∂Xn¬ henb XpI sNeh gnt°≠nhcpsa∂v Dd∏mWv. Ac In. ao. IqSpX¬ tdmUv ]Wntb ≠nhcpsa∂Xn\m¬ B \nebnepw sNehv h¿[n°pw. Zo¿L ImeØn¬ A‰Ip‰∏WnIfpw IqSpX¬ th≠nhcnI ChnsSbm bncn°pw. \KcØns‚ `mKsa¶nepw Irjnbpw Irjn°mcpw {KmaoWm¥ co£hpw ]cn]men°s∏Sp∂ {]tZißfmWv IqthmSv, Iogm‰q¿ {]tZi߃. AXns‚ cmjv{Sobkz`mhw Cu {KmaoWXbpsS {]Xn^e\amWv. ]ptcmKa\ cmjv{Sob kmwkvImcnI{]h¿Ø\ ߃ \√coXnbn¬ \S°p∂ {]tZißfmWnXv. F∂m¬ {]tZiw ss_∏m n\mbn Xpd°s∏Sp∂tXmsS Ccp`mKØpap≈ ÿe ߃ dnb¬FtÉv am^nbIƒ ssIhis∏SpØm\mWv km[yX. {]tZiamsI hmWnPytI{μßfmIp∂ {]{Inbbpw CtXmsS Bcw`n°pw. Ahtijn°p∂ hbepIfpw {Kmam¥co£hpw H∏w ]ptcmKa\ kmwkvImcnIm¥co£hpsa√mw A{]Xy£amIp∂ Xnte°mWv AXv \bn°pI. IÆq¿ Pn√bnse Nme ss_∏mkv \¬Ip∂ A\p`h]mTw \ΩpsS ap≥]nep≠v. Cu km[yX ]cnKWn®pIqsS? ta¬ ]d™ c≠v Asse≥sa‚pIƒ IpSnsbmgn∏n°ens‚bpw Irjn`qan \„amIp∂Xns‚bpw t]cn¬ {]mtZinIamb FXn¿∏p Isf t\cnSp∂p. c≠masØXv Ahbv°v ]pdsa ISpØ ]mcnÿn XnIamb BLmXhpw kr„n°p∂p. Cu kmlNcyØnemWv \ne hnep≈ sslth Xs∂ hoXn Iq´n \Kc`mKØv Hcp ^vssf Hmhdns‚ km[yX ]cnKWn°Wsa∂ Bhiyw Dbcp∂Xv. sslth°v 1975 ¬ `qan AIzb¿ sNbvXn´p≈Xv 30 ao‰¿ hoXnbn emWv. Xfn∏dºv \KcØn¬ Xs∂ 20-˛30 ao‰¿ hoXnbn¬ Ct∏mƒ tdmUp≠v. \KcØnse sI´nSßfpsS _mlpeyamWv AhnsS hoXnIq´p∂Xn\v XS w. F∂m¬ \KcØnc°v Bcw`n°p∂ Ggmwssa¬ apX¬ eq¿Zv tlmkv]n‰¬ kao]w hsc 10 ao‰¿ hoXnbn¬ Hcp ^vssfHmh¿ Xo¿Øm¬ s]mfn®p \ot°≠ sI´nS 12

13 ßfpsS FÆw hfsc Ipdbv°m\mIpw. Xmsgbpw apIfnepw c≠phcn hoXw ]mXIfmbn, ^vssfHmhdpw \nehnep≈ ]mX sbbpw D]tbmKs∏SpØmw. cmPysØ {][m\ \Kcßfnse√mw Cu hn[amWv KXmKX hnIk\w \S°p∂Xv. P\km{μX IqSnb tIcfamsI \Kckam\amIp∂ Cu L´Øn¬ Cu hn[Øn¬ apIfntem´p≈ hnIk\w F∂Xv Kuchambn ]cnKWn°mhp∂ XmWv. \hoIcn°p∂ 5.50 In.ao. sslthbn¬ 2.1 In.ao.bmWv ^vssfHmh¿ \n¿ant°≠n hcnI. sslth hnIk\Øn\mbn 10.33 slŒ¿ `qan am{Xta Gs‰Spt°≠Xmbn hcnIbp≈p. 30 hoSpIƒ am{XamWv \„amhpI. 39 hmWnPyÿm]\ßfpw. CXn¬ 24 sI´nSßfpw 13 hoSpIfpw 50 h¿jØn\pw aosX ]g°ap≈hbmWv. \KchnIk\Øns‚ `mKambn CØcw s]mfn®pam‰epw ]p\c[n hmkhpw km[mcWamb kwKXnbmWv. aXnbmb \„]cnlmcw Dd∏m°nbm¬ henb FXn¿∏n√msX tdmUv- hnIk\w km[yam °mhp∂XmWv . IS \„s∏Sp∂h¿°mbn \Kck`Xs∂ tjm∏nwKv tImwπIvkv \n¿an®psImSp°p∂ Imcyhpw ]cnKWn °Ww. ^vssfHmh¿ \n¿amWØn\v sNethdpw F∂ hmZap≠v. {lkz ImemSnÿm\Øn¬ t\m°ptºmƒ Hcp]s£ AXv icnbmhmw. F∂m¬ Zo¿LImemSnÿm\Øn¬ em`IcamsW∂p ImWmw. 50 sIm√tØ°v A‰Ip‰∏WnIƒ th≠nhcn√ F∂XpXs∂ ImcWw. _Z¬ \n¿tZiap≈ aq∂v Asse≥sa‚pIfpsSbpw XmcXayw NphsS tN¿°p∂p. \n¿ BsI Gs‰Spt°≠ XÆo¿ ]dºv ]pdtºm°v tZiw Zqcw BsI `qan ØSw slŒ¿ slŒ¿ KM slŒ¿ slŒ¿ 1 5.47 26.17 8.19 17.48 0.51 2 6.00 29.11 21.09 7.22 0.80 3 5.50 10.33 2.23 8.10 0 a‰v kuIcy߃ Xfn∏dºv \KcØneqsSbp≈ KXmKXØnc°v Ipdbv°m\p≈ a‰v km[yXIfpw \mw ]cntim[n°Ww. ]nemØd˛-]gbßmSn˛hf]´Ww tdmUnse ta¬∏mew ]q¿ØnbmIp∂tXmsS Ht´sd hml\߃°v Cu ]mX D]tbmKn°m≥ Ignbpw. Zqc°pdhv, 13

Ib‰°pdhv F∂o ImcWßfm¬ Xfn∏dºv kv]¿int°≠mØ \s√mcp iXam\w hml\ßfpw kzta[bm B hgn t]mIm\mWv km[yX. Xmsg ]dbp∂ tdmUpIƒ AXymhiyL´ßfn¬ D]tbmKn°m\mhpw. 1. Nndh°v-˛]pfnºdºv-˛sh≈n°o¬-˛Iot®cn tdmUv 2. Gtgmw-˛sIm´°o¬˛-sh≈n°o¬˛-Iot®cn tdmUv 3. Nndh°v-˛a∂-˛apøw˛-\Wnt®cn IShv tdmUv 4. sNm¿°f-˛_mhp∏dºv-˛[¿Ωime tdmUv a‰v A\p`h߃ hniZamb ]mcnÿnXnI]T\߃ \SØmsX tImSnIƒ sNe hgn®v \SØnb ]e ]≤XnIfpw D]tbmKclnXambpw hn\miIc ambpw amdnb Ht´sd A\p`h߃ tIcfØnepap≠v. IÆq¿ Pn√bnse ]g»n ]≤Xnbpw Im´mº≈n kv]n¬thbpw DZmlcW ߃. {]tZisØ \oscmgp°v ]cntim[n°msX tdmUpIƒ hnIkn∏n®Xns‚ ^eamWv Xncph\¥]pchpw FdWmIpfhpw t]mep≈ {][m\ \Kc߃t]mepw XpS¿ag e`n°ptºmƒ \n›eamIp∂Xns‚ ImcWw. ]≤Xn Bkq-{X-Whpw \n¿h-lWhpw DtZymKÿ≥amscbpw hnIk\w FØn°p∂ kzImcy \n¿hlW GP≥knIsfbpw am{Xw G¬]n®Xns‚ ^eamWh. CØcw A\p`hw ChnsS Bh¿Øn®p IqSm. hnIk\{]h¿Ø \Øn¬ P\ßfpsS A`n{]mbßfpw ]cnKWnt°≠Xp≠v. hnIk\hpw P\]£cmjv{Sobhpw \mSns‚ hnIk\w GhcpsSbpw ap{ZmhmIyamWv. kaqlØns‚ BhiyhpamWv. F∂m¬ hnIk\sØ Ipdn®p≈ ImgvN∏mSv F√mh¿°pw Hcpt]mseb√. kºØpXv ] mZ\w, P\ßfpsS sXmgn¬ e`yXbnepw hcpam\Ønepap≠mIp∂ h¿[\hv, hnZym `ymkw˛-BtcmKyw-˛]m¿∏nSw XpSßn ASnÿm\mhiyßfpsS e`yX, tdmUpƒs∏sSbp≈ ASnÿm\ kuIcy߃, D]t`mK km[\ßfpsS e`yXbpw Ah D]tbmKn°m\p≈ kuIcyhpw, kmwkvImcnIm¥co£w XpSßn hnhn[LSI߃ hnIk\Øn \p≠v. CXn¬ GXns\ms°bmWv ap≥KW\ \evtI≠sX∂Xv \ΩpsS cmjv{Sob ImgvN∏mSns\ ASnÿm\am°nbmWv Xocpam\n °s∏SpI. P\ßfpsS ASnÿm\ PohnXmhiy߃ \ndth‰p Ibpw sXmgn¬ e`yXbpw hcpam\hpw ÿmbnbmbn e`yam°pI bpamWv- P\]£cmjv{Sobw ssIImcyw sNøp∂hcpsS e£yam th≠Xv. D]t`mKmhiy߃ hn]pes∏SpØp∂Xnepw AXn≥ta¬ 14

15 hcp∂ I®hS km[yXIfnepw ASnÿm\ kuIcyØnepamWv kº∂h¿KsØ A\pIqen°p∂h¿ Du∂pI. Hcp Iq´¿ ]cnÿn Xnsb IqSn ]cnKWn®psIm≠p≈ hnIk\Øn\mbn \nesIm≈p ∂p. adpIq´¿ {]IrXnhn`h߃ ]camh[n NqjWw sNbvXp sImt≠ hnIk\w km[yamIq F∂pw AXn\m¬ ]cnÿnXn°p th≠n hmZn°p∂Xv Xs∂ hf¿®sb XS s∏SpØp∂Xm sW∂pw IcpXp∂p. `qan ASnÿm\]cambn Hcp DXv]mZ\ D]m[n bmbn Hcp ]£w IW°m°ptºmƒ adp]£w AXns\ Itºmf km[yXbp≈ Nc°mbn ImWp∂p. bYm¿YØn¬ Cu ImgvN∏m Snse sshcp[yamWv cmjv{SobsØ CSXpw heXpambn th¿Xncn °p∂Xv. CSXp]£Øn\v ta¬ss° D≈ tIcfhpw heXp ]£ Øn\v ta¬ss° D≈ KpPdmØpw c≠v hnIk\ amXrIIfmIp ∂Xv A°mcWØmemWv. \hen_denkØns‚ Cu ImeØv D]t`mKXzcbn¬ A`ncan °p∂ Hcp a[yh¿Kw tIcfØn¬ Db¿∂ph∂n´p≠v. AXn\m¬ kº∂h¿Kw aptºm´phbv ° p∂ hnIk\Imgv N ∏mSv kaql Øns‚ s]mXpt_m[am°nam‰m≥ hfsc Ffp∏Øn¬ Ah¿°v km[n®p. F{X Acnbpw ]®°dnbpw DXv]mZn∏n°m\mhpw F∂ Xnt\°mƒ `qan°v F{XIqSpX¬ hneaXn°pw F∂ DXvIWvT AXns‚ `mKamWv. Poht\m]m[nIfpw BtcmKyIcamb PohnXm ¥co£hpw \ne\n¿Øp∂Xns\°mfpw sI´nSßfpw tjm∏nwKv tImwπIvkpIfpw hnIk\Øns‚ Nn”amhp∂Xpw AXpsIm≠v Xs∂. Zo¿LImetØ°v t\m°msX DS≥ D≠mIp∂ t\´ßfn¬ BIr„cmIp∂Xns‚bpw AXn\mbn hmZn°p∂Xns‚bpw Imc Whpw as‰m∂√. Xfn∏dºv ss_∏m v GXphgn thWsa∂ N¿®bn¬ Cu cmjv{Sobw IrXyambn Dƒt®¿∂ncn°p∂p. AXn\m¬ ss_∏m v BhiyamsW∂v AwKoIcn°ptºmƒ Xs∂, AXv GXphgn thWsa∂v \n›bn°p∂Xv hniZamb ]mcnÿnXnI˛kmºØnI ]T\Øns‚bpw Zo¿LImetØ°p≈ ]cnKW\bpsSbpw ASnÿm\ØnemhWw. AXv kw_‘amb IqSpX¬ hnhc߃ s]mXpkaqlØn¬ N¿® sNbvXpsIm≠mhWw. DtZymKÿ kwhn[m\Øn\pw Icm¿ GP≥knIƒ°pw A°mcyØn¬ Xmev ] cyap≠mIWsa∂n√. P\]£Øp \nebpd∏n°p∂ cmjv{Sob{]ÿm\ßfpw kwLS\IfpamWv AXn\mbn bXv\n t°≠Xv. \mSns‚ kpÿnchnIk\w Dd∏v hcpØm\pw {]tZ isØ km[mcWP\ßfpsS sFIyw Du´n Dd∏n°m\pw 15

AXneqsS km[yamIpw. C∂v CXpambn _‘s∏´v hnhn[ tNcn Ifn¬\n∂v hmin]nSn°p∂h¿ AØcØnsemcp kahmbØn tes°ØWsa∂mWv imkv { XkmlnXy ]cnjØns‚ A`n {]mbw.

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ae-bmfw Xfn-∏-dºv ss_∏mkv _Z¬ \n¿tZ-i-߃ H∂mw- ]-Xn∏v am¿®v 2018 {]km-[-\w, hnX-cWw : tIcf imkv{X-km-lnXy ]cn-jØv Xr»q¿ ˛ 680004 C ˛ sabn¬ : [email protected]

Malayalam Thalipparamb bypass Badal nirdeshangal First Edition March 2018 Published & Distributed by : Kerala Sasthra Sahithya Parishath Thrissur - 680004 E - Mail : [email protected] Printed at : Theressa offset printers, Angamali

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