KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

2.5 Illustrative view of Body Segments and Planes of Segmentation 13 2.6 Basic anthropometric measuring instruments. 15 3.1 Flow Chart of Research Met...

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KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

BORANG PENGESAHAN STATUS TES IS*

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JUDUL: DEVELOPMENT OF STRUCTURING ANTHROPOMETRIC DATABASE

SESI PENGAJIAN: _ _____,2=006-=....:;..;./-=2..::...;00~7_ __ Saya

HAZMAN BIN HASffi (HURUF BESAR)

mengaku membenarkan tesis (Sarjana Muda/SarjaAa/Doktor Falsafah) ini disimpan di Perpustakaan Kolej Universiti Teknikat Kebangsaan Malaysia (KUTKM) dengan syarat-syarat kegunaan seperti berikut: 1. Tesis adatah hak milik Kotej Universiti Teknikat Kebangsaan Malaysia. 2. Perpustakaan Kolej Universiti Teknikal Kebangsaan Malaysia dibenarkan membuat salinan untuk tujuan pengajian sahaja. 3. Perpustakaan dibenark.an membuat salinan tesis ini sebagai bahan pertukaran antara institusi pengajian tinggi. 4. -sna tandakan (..J)

D D

SULIT

(Mengandungi maklumat yang berdarjah keselamatan atau kepentingan Malaysia yang termaktub di dalam AKTA RAHSIA RASMI1972)

TERHAD

(Mengandungi maklumat TERHAD yang telah ditentukan oleh organisasi/badan di mana penyeUdikan dijalankan)

[ ] TIDAK TERHAD

&~ (TANDATANGAN PENULIS)

Disahkan oleh:

(TANDATANGAN PENYELIA)

Alamat Tetap: 29, JALAN BU 7/7, BANDAR UTAMA DAMAN SARA, 47800 PETALING JAYA, SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN

Cop Rasmi:

Tarikh:

Tarikh:

08/12/2006

NOR AKRAMJN BIN MOHAMAD Pensyarah Fikulti Kejuruteraan Pembucbn Kolej lJnlversltJ Telmikal !Cebangsaan Malaysia Karung Berkund 1200 Ayer Keroh, 75450 Melaka

08/12/2006

• Tesis dimaksudkan sebagai tesis bagi ljazah Doktor Falsafah dan Sarjana secara penyelidikan, atau disertasi bagi pengajian secara kerja kursus dan penyelidikan, atau Laporan Projek Sarjana Muda (PSM). *" Jika tesis ini SULIT atau TERHAD, sila lampirkan surat daripada pihak berkuasa/organisasi berkenaan demzan menvatakan sekali sebab dan temooh tesis ini oerlu dikelaskan sebaszai SULIT atau TERHAD.

DECLARATION

I hereby, declared this thesis entitled "Development of Structuring Anthropometric Database" is the resuhs of my own research except as cited is references.

Signatw"e Author's Name

Hazrnan Bin Hasib

Date

8th December 2006

ABSTRACT

This research discuss the initial efforts to build an anthropometric database for Malaysian population as a guide and reference on designing better workplaces and products. Anthropometric surveys have been conducted and published on various populations, including Malaysian. The resuhs of the research carried out on twenty-four static anthropometric dimensions on two-hundred and seventy-five subjects generally shows that the male body parts are longer than female, and the result shows that The UK, The US, and Japan anthropometric data are averagely longer than Malaysian. Statistical variables such as percentiles, mean and standard deviation are used to present and descnl>e the data, where each of these variables has its own functions and particular purposes regarding the applications of the data

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

My appreciation is extended to all who provided knowledge and helpful suggestions for completing and improvements to this research. I dedicate my special thanks to my research supervisor, En. Nor Akramin Bin Mohamad, who bas guided me all the times throughout the research. I thank my parents En. Hasib Mansor and Pn Zuraidah I~

and my brother, Hisyam Hasib, for their continuous morale support. Special appreciation goes to my colleagues at Fakulti Kejuruteraan Pembuatan, Kolej Universiti Teknikal Kebangsaan Malaysia, whom have work effortlessly in gathering the data with me, especially Cik Sazrinah Gaos. I also thank those who provided thoughtful reviews on improving the research; Pn. Seri Rahayu, Pn Rohana, En Wan Hasrulnizzam, En. Jeffrey, En. Hambali and En. Nik Farid. I especially thank all who has involved in this researc~

for their co-operation and positive feedback.

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TABLE OF CONTENT

Declaration............................................................................................. i Abstract ................................................................................................. ii Acknowle
1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction....................................................................................... 1 1.2 Problem Statement .............................................................................. 2 1.3

O~ectives ........................................................................................ 3

1.4 Sco_I>e of Study................................................................................... 3 1.5 Importance ofStudy ............................................................................3

1.6 Hyp<>thesis ....................................................................................... 4 1.7 Outline of Study ................................................................................. 4

2. LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction .......................................................................................6 2.2 Ergonomics and An.throp:>metry ............................................................... 7 2.2.1 Brief History of Ergonomics and Anthropometry ................................... 7 2.2.2 Definitions of Ergonomics, Anthropometry and Anthropometry Database ..... 9 2.2.3 Terminology and Measuring Conventions in Anthropometry ................... 10 2.2.4 Measurement Techniques ............................................................. 14 2.3 ISO Stalld.ards .................................................................................. 24 2.4 Importance of Anthropometric Database ................................................... 25

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3. MEmODOLOGY 3.1 Introduction..................................................................................... 26

32 Design of the Methodology .................................................................. 26 3.3 Subjects .......................................................................................... 29 3.4 Range of Dimensions Measured ............................................................ .30 3.5 Eqllipments for Measuret11ents ............................. ..... ......... , ...................32 3.6 Pilot Srudy ...................................................................................... 35 3.7 Statistical Atla.lysis ............................................................................35

4. DATA COLLECTION 4.1 Introduction. .................................................................................... 37

4.2 Data Collection Table .........................................................................37 4.3 Data Calcwation..................................................... ..... .....................40 4.4 Pilot Study ...................................................................................... 41

4.5 AnthroJX>metric Data. Table.................................................................. 44 5. RESULT AND DISCUSSION 5.1 Introduction .................................................................................... 46 5.2 Resuhs ................................................................................................................ 47 5.3 Discussion...................................................................................... 49 5.3.1 Mean, Standard Deviatio~ and Percentiles ............................... ....... .. 52

6. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION FOR FURTHER WORK 6.1 Conclusion..................................................................................... 55 6.2 Recommendation for Further Work ......................................................... 56

REFERENCES ....................... , ............................................................. 58

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APPENDICES

A

Gbant Chart for PSM 1

B

Ghant Chart for PSM 2

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LIST OF FIGURES

5

1.1

Outline ofthe study

2.1

Body Planes and Orientations

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22

Anatomical and Anthropometric Landmarks in the frontal view

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2.3

Anatomical and Anthropometric Landmarks in the sagittal view

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2.4

Anthropometric Landmarks of the Head and Face

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2.5

Illustrative view of Body Segments and Planes of Segmentation

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2.6

Basic anthropometric measuring instruments.

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3.1

Flow Chart of Research Methodology

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3.2

Anthropometric Measures for Standing and Seating

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3.4

A Graphical Representation of the Normal Distribution

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4.1

Histogram and Normal Curve for the Analyzed Data

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4.2

Sample of Anthropometric Data Obtained Largely on U.S. Air Force And Army Men and Women

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5.1

Mean comparison between male and female measurements

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5.2

Normal curve distribution

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LIST OF TABLES

2.1

Summary of Research in Anthropometry

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2.2

Age range of sample

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2.3

Sample sire

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2.4

Range of dimensions

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2.5

Summary on Characteristics of Existing Case Studies

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3.1

Static Anthropometric Dimensions

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3.2

Equipment Used for Specific Dimensions

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4.1

Data Collection Table

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4.2

Eye Height Readings of Female Students

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4.3

Data Statistics Analysis

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5.1

Percentiles, mean and standard deviation for anthropometric dimensions

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of the male population (n=l80) values in em

5.2

Percentiles, mean and standard deviation for anthropometric dimensions

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of the female population (n=95), values in em 5.3

Mean value (in em) for 16 anthropometric dimensions from different

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adult male populations (Pheasant, 1998) and the data obtained in this study 5.4

Mean value (in em) for 16 anthropometric dimensions from different aduh female populations (Pheasant, 1998) and the data obtained in this study

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