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Editorial Board Dr. Jeyanny Vijayanathan Dr. Rosazlin Abdullah Advisor: Dr. Wan Rasidah A. Kadir

Management Committee 2015/2016 President: Dr. Wan Rasidah Abdul Kadir (FRIM) Immediate Past President: A. P. Dr. Ahmad Husni Mohd Hanif (UPM)

Vice President (Pen. Malaysia): Prof. Dr. Che Fauziah Ishak (UPM) Vice President (Sarawak): Mr. Frederick Haili Teck (DOA) Vice President (Sabah): Dr. Normah Awang Besar (UMS) Hon. Secretary: Dr. Rosazlin Abdullah

Balai Ikhtisas Malaysia Annual Dinner The Balai Ikhtisas Malaysia (BIM) Annual Dinner was held on 10th June 2015, at the Mahkota Ballroom 2, Hotel Istana, Kuala Lumpur. The event was attended by the professionals of Member-Institutions and their guests. For the first time, the BIM dinner was officiated by a lady Guest of Honour, the Honourable YB Puan Hajah Nancy binti Haji Shukri, Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department. The night began with the welcoming address by the President of BIM, Prof Dr. Mohd Khanif Yusoff, followed by an address by the honourFrom left: Prof. Sharifuddin, Prof. Zaharah, Dr. Wan able guest. The highlights of the Annual Dinner were Rasidah, Dr. Khanom, Dr. Rosazlin, Mr. Amir and wife, the presentation of the prestigious BIM Professional Dr. Paramanathan and Mr. Fauzi. Excellence Award for the different groups namely: Engineering, Construction & Property: Tan Sri Dato’ Ir. Gan Thian Leong (IEM) ; Pure and Applied Science: Dato’ Dr. Mohd Noordin bin Keling (VAM) and Accounting, Business, Commercial and Legal: Tan Sri Dato’ (Dr) Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman (CILTM). BIM Lifetime Achievement Award for the year 2015 was presented to YB Senator Tan Sri Dato’ Abdul Rahim Abdul Rahman (RISM). Eight members of the Malaysian Society of Soil Science (MSSS) attended the dinner to support BIM as a one of the Professional of Member-Institution. Photo & Text by Dr. Rosazlin Abdullah


Hon. Asst. Secretary: Mr. Mohd Rizal Ariffin (UPM) Hon. Treasurer: Dr. Liew Yew Ann (AAR) Hon. Asst. Treasurer: Mr. Kang Seong Hun (UPM) Members: Dr. Lulie Melling (TPRL) Mr. Vijiandran Juva Rajah (UPB) Mr. Mohamad Fakhri Ishak (FRIM) Mr. Mohd Fauzi M. Yusoff (LGM) Co-Opted Members: Dr. Jeyanny Vijayanathan (FRIM) Mr. Pupathy U. T.(Sime Darby) Hon. Auditors: A.P. Dr. Radziah Othman (UPM) A.P. Dr. Halimi M. Saud (UPM) MSSS Journal Chief Editor: Prof. Dr. Che Fauziah Ishak (UPM) Balai Ikhtisas Malaysia Rep: Dr. Wan Rasidah A. Kadir Dr. Rosazlin Abdullah

BOOK REVIEW Title: Muddy Substrates of Malaysian Coast Publisher: Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) Editors: K Wan Rasidah, MI Mohamad Zaki & I Mohamad Fakhri ISBN: 978-967-0622-29-3 The book highlights the importance and dynamics of muddy substrates by bringing together various authors with vast knowledge on mangrove ecosystem and its substrates. Readers will discover the different types of mud, from shallow to deep massive structure; mud sampling techniques using innovative sampling; the chemistry and fertility of muddy substrates; soil-vegetation interactions and the features of coastal parent material. This publication is timely to address the importance of muddy substrates which are susceptible to coastal erosion and sensitive to land use changes. The decline of mudflats and mangrove areas due to strong winds and waves could seriously affect our food supply. The book stresses that soil type is one of the major confounding factors in sustaining vegetation and preventing coastal erosion. Interesting case studies on healthy and deteriorating mangroves from the southernmost tip of mainland Asia in Tanjung Piai, Johor to the northern area of Peninsular Malaysia in Kuala Sanglang, Perlis are highlighted here. Each chapter is written with clarity and complimented with picturesque images to enable the general public, stakeholders and decision makers to easily understand its content. This book will help readers to familiarize and appreciate the mangrove soil ecosystems and is a must for research enthusiasts as currently few references are available on mangrove substrates. Reviewed by Mr. Tariq Mubarak Husin, Wetlands Branch, Forest Research Institute Malaysia.

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Assessment of nutrient losses and fertiliser efficiency on mature oil palm Oil palm requires large quantities of fertilisers to sustain high yields and it is the largest cost element taking up about 60% of field upkeep cost. Mineral or straight fertilisers had been the major source of fertilisers in the industry, owing to its relatively cheaper prices and the possibility to vary nutrient inputs for each individual field. However, use of straight fertilizers requires higher application frequency, which could be labour intensive. Compound and controlled released fertilisers is a possible alternative for straights as it could be applied in lesser frequency, which is beneficial in current times where the industry is facing a shortage in labour force. On another note, soil and nutrient losses studies through surface runoff, erosion and leaching under the oil palm environment were carried out by a number of scientists. However, most of these studies have only addressed nutrient losses influenced by various soil type, palm age, terrains and erosion control measures. Studies on the effect of fertiliser forms comparing controlled released fertiliser, compounds and straights on nutrient losses are lacking. Thus a study was conducted to study the effects of fertiliser forms to assess loss of primary nutrient (i.e. N, P, K and Mg) through surface runoff and leaching. This study aims to quantify the nutrient losses between the three aforementioned fertilisers through surface runoff under a mature oil palm environment. To confirm the findings, a replicated field experiment was conducted with straights and compound fertilisers as treatments. Compound fertilisers were applied at 25% lower nitrogen rate compared to the standard nitrogen input. Yield parameters were measured for five years at every harvesting round. Preliminary findings had indicated that compound fertilisers have shown marginally lower nitrogen, potassium and runoff water compared to straights, thus showing a possibility of applying compound fertilisers. We conclude that application of compound fertilisers can be reduced by 15% compared to straight fertilisers whilst meeting the nutrient requirement for the crop. Photo and text by Mr. Vijiandran Juva Rajah, United Plantations, Teluk Intan . CALL FOR PAPERS -15th International Peat Congress 2016

Dear MSSS members, The 2nd Circular on IPC 2016 can be viewed at http://www.ipc2016.com/. Come and join us!

MSSS Newsletter www.msss.com.my

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Regional Consultation Workshop on Sustainable Management and Protection of Soil Resources

Photo and Text: Dr. Wan Rasidah Kadir , President, MSSS

Regional Soil Partnerships was established among interested and active stakeholders on soil. These RSPs will work in close coordination with FAO Regional Offices and will establish an interactive consultative process with national soils entities (soil survey institutions, soil management institutions, scientific soil societies, and soils scientists working in land resources, climate change and biodiversity institutions/programmes, etc), as well as with regional soil science societies and other relevant regional mechanisms under the various related conventions. Regional Soil Partnerships will build on existing regional networks or collaborative processes, linking national and local networks, partners, projects and activities to ensure that the partnership process is country-driven. During the Regional Conference on Soil Information in Nanjing, China from 8-11 February 2012, the Asian Soil Partnership (ASP) was established. ASP will initiate the Asian Soil Information System and capacity building with the support of FAO. The Regional Implementation Plan will follow suit after the approval of Global Plans of Action. The objectives of the current workshop which took place from 13- 15 May 2015 in Bangkok, Thailand were to to increase awareness on the fundamental roles of soils for human well-being, food and nutrition security, sustainable develop ment and climate change adaptation and mitigation by celebrating the International Year of Soil to review the soil priorities (by sharing experiences and lessons learned) in the region towards a full promotion of sustainable soil management through a network of stakeholders under the umbrella of the Asian Soil Partnership to consolidate the Asia Soil Partnership (ASP) by establishing a steering committee and working groups as per the Regional Soil Partnerships guidelines to review and finalize the ASP Implementation Plan and discuss about the way forward The first day started off with the briefing of the objectives and the concept of the workshop. The FAO representative gave an account on the Global Soil Partnership and the Asian Soil Partnership forum, followed by presentations by various country representatives on issues related to current status on soil resource use, management and constraints and relevant national policy and strategy. The 2nd day witnessed the establishment of the ASP Steering Committee via voluntary acceptance and nomination by the participants. The selection of the country representative for the Working Group on the GSP Pillars and the review on the finalization of the ASP Implementation Plan were also done. The finalization and the approval of the ASP Implementation Plan and the preparation of an IYS communiqué were ratified on the 3rd day. Malaysia under the ASP umbrella will strive to actively participate in the GSP Pillars which states: Pillar 1: Promote Sustainable Management of Soil Resources for Soil Protection, Conservation and Sustainable Productivity Pillar 2: Encourage investment, technical cooperation, policy, education awareness and extension in soil Pillar 3: Promote targeted soil research and development focusing on identified gaps, priorities and synergies with related productive, environmental and social development actions Pillar 4: Enhance the quantity and quality of soil data and information: data collection (generation), analysis, validation, reporting, monitoring and integration with other disciplines Pillar 5: Harmonization of methods, measurements and indicators for the sustainable management and protection of soil resources Dr. Wan Rasidah Kadir and Mr. Hj. As’ari Hasan were invited on their capacity as the President of Malaysian Society of Soil Science and the national Focal Point to the GSP, respectively to this event as country representatives to lead and disseminate information to the Regional Soil Partnership Working Group.

Has faming become a soil forming factor?

Mr. Hj A’sari is seen 3rd from right .

Country representatives of the GSP workshop .

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CONTRIBUTE TO OUR NEWSLETTER! We are a big group of almost 300+ soil enthusiasts and we like to hear from you! We are looking for article contributions on soil related issues, mainly GENERAL ARTICLES: If you have a story/report about an activity related to soil, such as soil training/workshop/conference/ meetings; please send it along. A one – two page article with color pictures are encouraged. YOUNG SCIENTIST: If you are currently a young soil scientist (below 40 years of age) working on a research project related to soil dynamics, you may send in your research article about 500 to 600 words which states on the intro, justification, brief methods, results and conclusion. Please include a digital photo as well. SENIOR SCIENTIST: If you are currently a senior soil scientist (above 40 years of age) working on a research project related to soil dynamics, you may send in your research article about 500 to 600 words which states on the intro, justification, brief methods, results and conclusion. Please include a digital photo as well. THE EASTERN CONNECTION: Dedicated for any soil research endeavors and information from Sabah and Sarawak. ANNOUNCEMENTS: Of trainings or educational opportunities, forthcoming meetings, conferences or other international announcement regarding soil, agriculture, forestry, etc. BOOK/PAPER REVIEW: If you have come across a recently published article you think may be of interest to other MSSS members, please alert the Newsletter Editor and we will highlight it for our readers. We give priority to publications by MSSS members but anything on soil research is welcomed. Submission information: For text send a word document with Arial font (11) to [email protected] or [email protected] and for photos .jpg is preferred. All submission will be scrutinized by the Editorial Board for suitability before publishing. Once approval, the Editorial Board will inform you with further details .


MJSS - CALL FOR PAPERS The Malaysian Journal of Soil Science (MJSS) is a scientific journal published by the Malaysian Society of Soil Science. It contains research papers in English on matters related to soil and soil-plant interactions. The journal welcomes original research works not previously or simultaneously published in any other scientific or technical journal from MSSS members as well as other scientists in Malaysia and abroad. The aim of the journal is to promote the development of soil science in Malaysia, other tropical and subtropical regions. MJSS is a peerreviewed, fully open access journal, is now indexed by Scopus and published annually. Instruction for authors and other details are available on our website http://www.msss.com.my/journals/ instruct.php FIND US on facebook at Malaysian Society of Soil Science

Colloque AGéBio 2015, Lyon France, 23– 25

Nov ICMSM 2015, Penang, Malaysia, 7-10 Dec Intersol 2016, Lille, France, 15-17 Mac 2016 New publications : Volcanic Rocks & Soils New publications: Biochar: Production, Characterization & Applications

FAO Soil Quiz! Test your IQ!

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Malaysian Society of Soil Science Locked bag 254, 43409 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan Website: http:/www.msss.com.my/ E mail: [email protected]