Masami FUKUDA Institute of Low Temp. Sci. Hokkaido Univ

•Hot Spot Information User Group as Country • Bangladesh (Bangladesh Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization SPARRSO) • Cambodia (Ministry of L...

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Sentinel Asia Wildfire Monitoring Masami FUKUDA Institute of Low Temp. Sci. Hokkaido Univ.

3rd Sentinel Asia JPT Meeting 13 March 2007, Singapore

Objective of Sentinel Asia Wildfire Monitoring ・Contribution to the Asia-Pacific region for Wildfire Management and Control based on requirements ・Contribution to Global Environment: Prevention of global warming Impact to future global warming Carbon Cycle: Sink → Source Contribution to Kyoto Protocol Sustainable Forest Management

Requirements for Sentinel Asia Wildfire Monitoring ・Requirements from Asian countries: Wildfire is one of the major and chronic phenomenon affecting many Countries in South-East Asia. ・Requrements from Hotspot Users (Fire Control Agency): Current hotspot information using MODIS data on various Web Sites cannot be used for its unreliability. ・Actual Needs: ・To protect protected-area from Wildfire ・Mitigate damage caused by smoke

Requirements for Disaster Monitoring JAXA investigated requirements for disaster monitoring using satellite data in 2002 • • •

• •

Thailand – Flood, Wildfire, Drought, Typhoon, Landslide Indonesia – Wildfire, Flood, Oil spill, Marine peril Philippine – Typhoon, Flood, Drought, Volcanic eruption, Earthquake Malaysia – Wildfire, Water pollution Vietnam – Wildfire, Typhoon, Landslide, Drought, Flood

History ・Feb. 2006: ‘Sentinel Asia’ has been initiated including Wildfire Monitoring in its activities ・June 2006: Wildfire Working Group (WG) has been organized Leader : Prof. M. Fukuda of Hokkaido Univ. 1st WG meeting was held in Bangkok ・Sept. 2006: 2nd WG meeting (Provider Group) at Pekayon in Indonesia ・Oct. 2006: Validation Campain in Indonesia ・Jan. 2007: 3rd WG meeting (Provider Group+ User Group) in GEOSS Symposium in Tokyo

Necessary Activities VS Requirements ・Requirement from Asian countries: Wildfire is one of the major and chronic phenomenon affecting many Countries in South-East Asia. ・Requrements from Hotspot Users (Fire Control Agency): Current hotspot information using MODIS data on various Web Sites cannot be used because of its unreliability.

ÆTo provide validated & reliable Hotspot information ÆValidation Campain & Improvement of Hotspot Detection Argorithm ・Actual Needs: ・To protect protected-area from Wildfire

ÆTo provide Fire Danger Warning & To provide value-added Hotspot information to show critical Wildfire for Fire Control Agencies ・To mitigate damage caused by smoke

ÆTo provide Smoke Forecasting

Organization Wildfire Monitoring WG ・ Hotspot Information Provider Group ・ Hotspot Information User Group ・ Hotspot Information Validation Team Zone1 (Northern Mongolia) Zone2 (Central Indochina Peninsula) Zone3 (Southern Kalimantan) Zone4 (Australia) ・Soil

Moisture Estimation Team ・Hotspot Detection Algorithm Improvement Team ・Fire Expansion Forecast Team





Hot Spot Information User Group as Country Bangladesh



Cambodia



Lao P.D.R.

• • •

Mongolia Myanmar Philippines

• •

Sri Lanka Vietnam

(Bangladesh Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization SPARRSO) (Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction, Geography Dept.) (Science Technology and Environment Agency STEA) (National Remote Sensing Center of Mongolia) (Department of Meteorology and Hydrology) (National Mapping and Resource Information Authority NAMRIA) (Survey Department of Sri Lanka) (Institute of Physics & Electronics, Vietnamese A Academy of Science and Technology VAST)

Hot Spot Information Provider Group • • • • • • •

Agency or Institution Major Coverage Area Hokkaido University (JAPAN) Northern Asia Korean Aerospace Research Institute (Korea) Northern Asia KARI Asian Institute of Technology (Thailand) South-east Asia (AIT) Malaysian Center for Remote Sensing (Malaysia) South-east Asia (MACRES) Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing (Singapore) South-east Asia Processing (CRISP) National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (Indonesia) South-east (LAPAN) Asia CSIRO Office of Space Science (Austraia) and Application (COSSA) Oceania

Fire Management Cycle Fire Warning (Fire Danger Warning) Early Fire Detection Forecasting Fire Expansion Satellite Information Early Fire Control Full Suppression Restoration of damaged forest

Task of Wild Fire Working Group in Fire Management Cycle Fire Warning (Fire Danger Warning) ・ Soil Moisture Estimation using ALOS/PALSAR data by ALOS PI Group (JAXA, Tohoku Univ., Hokkaido Univ.) Early Fire Detection Forecasting Fire Expansion Early Fire Control Full Suppression Restoration of damaged forest

Conventional Fire Danger Index Canadian Forest Service Metrological Data Topographical Data Proposed New Algorithm L-band – soil moisture condition ALOS Application

Task of Wild Fire Working Group in Fire Management Cycle Fire Warning (Fire Danger Warning)

Early Fire Detection ・Hot Spot Detection Algorithm Validation Campaign using Ground Truth data incorporating User Group ・ Hot Spot Detection Algorithm Improvement by Hokkaido Univ., Soul International Univ., CRISP

Forecasting Fire Expansion Early Fire Control Full Suppression Restoration of damaged forest

Sentinel Asia (MODIS Wildfire Monitoring)

Hokkaido Univ.(Japan)

Satellite observation network AIT/Tokyo Univ. (Thailand) Wildfire Location

Corps Location

Base Location

Map

CRISP (Singapore) Overlaid Image

Integration by Digital Asia Web-GIS interface (Keio Univ.)

Wildfire map of Asia CSIRO (Australia)

Sentinel Asia Wild Fire Working Group Hot Spot Detection Algorithm Validation Campaign Oct.1-Oct.31

• Comparison between results of detections by three MODIS Receiving Stations • Comparison between ground truth data and hot spot data • Comparison between NASA Algorithm and NEW Algorithm

Process of validation of fire detection algorithm

MODIS Level1B data

Fire observation Report

Perimeter hotspot pixels

Perimeter of observed fire

Comparison Hotspot and non-hotspot pixels with observation Validation Improvement of algorithm

Detection by ALOS Oct.7

ALOS AVNIR II Imagery

Zone 1

2007 Validation Campaign Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4

Task of Wild Fire Working Group in Fire Management Cycle Fire Warning (Fire Danger Warning) Early Fire Detection

Forecasting Fire Expansion ・Fire Expansion Forecasting ・Smoke Forecasting by Application of real-time Volcano Plume Tracking (PUFF Model) by Tsukuba University Early Fire Control Full Suppression Restoration of damaged forest

Fire Expansion Simulation Result Real fire expansion

Simulation result

Fire expansion simulation for 24 hours. Black area is forecasted fire expansion area.

Fire Expansion Forecast

Task of Wild Fire Working Group in Fire Management Cycle Fire Warning (Fire Danger Warning) Early Fire Detection Forecasting Fire Expansion

Early Fire Control Full Suppression Restoration of damaged forest

Fire Control Management East Siberia

Kalimantan

シベリアタイガの生態系修復機構

Operational Goal of Sentinel Asia Wild Fire Control Initiative CH4

Disturbance

CO2

Post Fire Process

Direct Seeding

Early Carbon Stock Regeneration

Categorizing regeneration pattern Sampling Index Plant of burn severity Characterization of Larch Growth

New Method of Remediation

Sentinel Asia Wildfire Monitoring WG Milestones 2005

2006

2007

2008 Disaster Management Support System (STEP2)

Sentinel Asia

APRSAF / JPT

APRSAF-12

APRSAF-13

JPT#1

JPT#2

APRSAF-14

JPT#3

JPT#4

13-15 March in Singapore

Information Sharing Platform

Sentinel Asia System Sentinel Asia Operations Start Emergency Observation by ALOS

Operation

Wildfire Monitoring Validation Campaign Full Operation and Algorithm Improvement

The Most Recent Fire Activity

ALOS 10 FEB 2007