Medical Electronic Devices

Medical Electronic Devices ... Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Near-Infra-red Spectroscopy ... 305426 Medical Electronic Engineering 6...

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Medical Electronic Devices Basic Electronics (Electronic devices, Amplifiers, A/D, D/A) Electrodes EEG Deep brain stimulator ECG Cardiac Pacemakers External Defibrillators EMG Neuromuscular Electrical stimulators Noise and EMC Safety

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Population Aging in Thailand

Indicator Population (thousands)

2000

2005

2010

2015

2020

2025

2030

2035

2040

63 155

66 698

69 122

70 876

72 091

72 884

73 321

73 379

72 994

96.9

96.8

96.6

96.4

96.0

95.7

95.4

95.2

95.0

Percentage aged 0-4 (%)

7.4

7.1

6.3

5.7

5.2

4.9

4.8

4.7

4.7

Percentage aged 5-14 (%)

16.6

15.3

14.2

13.1

12.0

11.0

10.3

10.0

9.9

Percentage aged 15-24 (%)

17.1

16.0

15.1

14.4

13.6

12.7

11.7

10.9

10.3

Percentage aged 60 or over (%)

10.3

11.4

12.9

15.3

18.3

21.3

24.3

26.8

28.8

Population sex ratio (males per 100 females)

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Assistive Technology  MHH~~i~'ii1t1l;1.l.b1; '\I1'1'1"~'ilil&1-!l{l-J1n,~,"':

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Medical Devices  A medical device is an apparatus that is used in the diagnosis,

mitigation, therapy, or prevention of disease and that does not attain its primary purpose through chemical action. Purposes

Examples

Diagnosis, Monitoring

Prevention

Mitigation

Therapy

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Medical Devices Purposes

Examples

Diagnosis, Monitoring

Medical instruments

ECG, EMG, EEG, Ultra sound scanner, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Near-Infra-red Spectroscopy (NIRS), Blood pressure monitor, Pulse oximeter, Computer assisted tomography (CT), X-ray, Thermometer, Endoscope, Positron emission Tomography (PET)

Prevention

Medical instruments

Same as above, Gloves, Condom

Mitigation

Life support devices, Orthoses, Home health and consumer devices

Ventilator, Cardiac pace maker, Deep brain stimulator, Electrical stimulator, Hemodialysis machines, Powered wheelchair, Infusion pump, Walkers, Functional electrical stimulator

Therapy

Surgery devices, Dental devices, Cosmetic devices, General hospital supplies, and Prostheses

Laser surgery, Defibrillators, Artificial heart, Cochlear Implants, Hips prostheses, Knee prostheses, Electrical stimulator, contact lens, Robotic surgery, Balloon catheter and stent, Cardiac pacemaker, Cardiopulmonary bypass, Heart valve replacement, Contacts lens, Functional electrical stimulator, Artificial leg.

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Medical Devices Magnetic resonance

Ultra sound scanner

imaging (MRI)

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Medical Devices Computer assisted

thermography (CT)

305426 Medical Electronic Engineering

Positron emission

Tomography (PET)

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Medical Devices Electrocardiogram

(ECG)

305426 Medical Electronic Engineering

Electroencephalogram

(EEG)

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Medical Devices Endoscope

305426 Medical Electronic Engineering

Pulse oximeter

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Medical Devices Ventilator

305426 Medical Electronic Engineering

Infusion pump

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Medical Devices Deep brain stimulator

305426 Medical Electronic Engineering

Electrical stimulator

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Medical Devices Hemodialysis machines

305426 Medical Electronic Engineering

Powered wheelchair

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Medical Devices Robotic surgery

Laser surgery

da Vinci surgical system 305426 Medical Electronic Engineering

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Medical Devices Defibrillator

305426 Medical Electronic Engineering

Artificial heart

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Medical Devices Cardiac pace maker

305426 Medical Electronic Engineering

Balloon catheter and stent

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Medical Devices Laser Treatment

305426 Medical Electronic Engineering

Hips and Knee prostheses

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Medical Devices Functional electrical

Artificial leg

stimulator

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Medical Instruments

 A medical instrument is a medical device that makes measurements, often for the diagnosis of disease. [4]

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System Development Top-down/bottom-up system development process [Adapted from Blanchard(2008)]

References 1. Fundamental of Anatomy and Physiology, Frederic H.

Martini 2. Biomedical Instrumentation: Application and Design, John G. Webster 3. Introduction to Medical Electronics Applications, D. Jennings 4. Medical Device Technologies: A Systems Based Overview Using Engineering Standards, Gail D. Baura

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