PicoScope 9200 Series Data Sheet

Digital system design and ... High-speed serial bus pulse response. PicoScope 9200 Series . Sampling ... The measurements conform to the IEEE standard...

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PicoScope 9200 Series ®

PC SAMPLING OSCILLOSCOPES

Complete sampling oscilloscope for your PC 12 GHz bandwidth on 2 channels Dual timebase from 10 ps/div Up to 10 GHz trigger bandwidth Optical and electrical inputs ActiveX component included

FEATURES INCLUDED High-resolution cursor measurement Automatic waveform measurements with statistics Waveform processing including FFT Time and voltage histograms Eye-diagram measurements for NRZ and RZ Automated mask tests Intuitive Windows user interface

APPLICATIONS

Standards pre-compliance testing IC package characterization Telecom service and manufacturing Timing analysis Digital system design and characterization Mask drawing and display Automatic pass/fail mask limit testing High-speed serial bus pulse response

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PicoScope 9200 Series Sampling Oscilloscopes

Standard Masks SONET/SDH OC1/STM0 OC3/STM1 OC9/STM3 OC12/STM4 OC18/STM6 OC48/STM16 FEC2666 Fiber Channel FC133 FC266 FC531

12 GHz bandwidth

Pulse parameter measurements

The PicoScope 9200A oscilloscopes uses sequential sampling technology to measure fast repetitive signals without the need for expensive real-time sampling hardware. Combined with an input bandwidth of 12 GHz, this enables acquisition of signals with rise times of 50 ps or even faster. Precise timebase stability and accuracy, and a resolution of 200 fs, allow characterization of jitter in the demanding applications.

The PicoScope 9200A scopes quickly measure over 40 pulse parameters, so you don’t need to count graticules or estimate the waveform’s position. Up to ten simultaneous measurements or four statistics measurements are possible. The measurements conform to the IEEE standards.

The scopes are designed with Pico Technology’s PC Oscilloscope architecture to create a compact, lightweight instrument that can be easily carried around with your laptop.

FC1063 FC2125 FC4250

Maximum, Minimum, Peak-Peak, Top, Base, Amplitude, Middle, Mean, DC RMS, AC RMS, Area, Cycle Middle, Cycle Mean, Cycle DC RMS, Cycle AC RMS, Cycle Area, Positive/Negative Overshoot, Period, Frequency, Positive/Negative Width, Rise/Fall Time, Positive/ Negative Duty Cycle, Positive/Negative Crossing, Burst Width, Cycles, Time at Maximum/Minimum, Delay, Gain, FFT Magnitude, FFT Delta Magnitude, THD, FFT Frequency, FFT Delta Frequency

Ethernet 1.25 Gb/s GB 2XGB 3.125 Gb/s INFINIBAND 2.5G 5.0 G XAUI 3.125 Gb/s ITU G.703 DS1 2 Mb DS2 8 Mb 34 Mb

10 GHz prescaled trigger The PicoScope 9200A scopes have a built-in high-frequency trigger with frequency divider. Its typical bandwidth of up to 10 GHz allows measurements of microwave components with extremely fast data rates.

Built-in 2.7 Gb/s clock data recovery (CDR)

The PicoScope 9211A and 9231A are supplied with a calibrated time-domain reflectometry (TDR) and time-domain transmission (TDT) accessory kit. This is used with the unit’s built-in step generators to measure impedance discontinuities in circuit boards, cables and transmission lines, connectors and IC packages, with a horizontal resolution of 200 fs. The results can be displayed as volts, ohms or reflection coefficient (rho) against time or distance.

The PicoScope 9211A and 9231A have a dedicated clockrecovery trigger input for serial data from 12.3 Mb/s to 2.7 Gb/s.

The TDR/TDT scopes also include all the features of the PicoScope 9201A, such as eye diagram analysis and mask testing.

DS3 140 Mb 155 Mb ANSI T1/102 DS1 DS1C DS2 DS3 STS1 Eye STS1 Pulse STS3 Rapid IO 1.25 Gb/s 2.5 Gb/s 3.125 Gb/s G.984.2 3.125 Gb/s PCI Express 2.5G 5.0G Serial ATA 1.5G 3.0G

TDR/TDT analysis

1 GHz full-function direct trigger The scopes are equipped with a built-in direct trigger for signals up to 1 GHz repetition rate without using additional trigger units.

PicoScope 9200 Series Sampling Oscilloscopes

TDR/TDT analysis

Horizontal units Time Meter Foot Inch

Measured parameters Propagation delay Step generators Gain Dual outputs Gain dB Adjustable de-skew Programmable polarity 100 ps (typical) rise/fall times, 20% to 80% Step, coarse timebase and pulse modes NRZ and RZ patterns with variable length

Powerful mathematical analysis The PicoScope 9200A scopes support up to four simultaneous mathematical combinations and functional transformations of acquired waveforms. You can select any of the mathematical functions to operate on either one or two sources. All functions can operate on live waveforms, waveform memories or even other functions.

D.U.T.

S1

PicoScope 9211A/9231A

Ch 1

Resistive splitter (supplied)

Time-domain reflectometry

Ch 2

S2

D.U.T.

S1

S2

PicoScope 9211A/9231A

Ch 1

Time-domain transmission

Ch 2

Histogram analysis Mathematical functions A + B − A A − B |A| A x B log(A) A ÷ B dA/dt ∫A.dt interpolate(A) smooth(A)

Eye-diagram analysis The PicoScope 9200A scopes quickly measure more than 30 fundamental parameters used to characterize non-return-to-zero (NRZ) signals and return-to-zero (RZ) signals. Up to four parameters can be measured simultaneously, with statistics also shown. The measurement points and levels used to generate each parameter can be shown dynamically. Eye diagram analysis can be made even more powerful with the addition of mask testing, as described below.

A histogram is a probability graph that shows the distribution of acquired data from a source within a user-definable window. The information gathered by the histogram is used to perform statistical analysis on the source. Histograms can be constructed on waveforms on either the vertical or horizontal axes. The most common use for a vertical histogram is measuring and characterising noise, while the most common use for a horizontal histogram is measuring and characterizing jitter.

PicoScope 9200 Series Sampling Oscilloscopes

Mask testing

FFT analysis

The display can be grey-scaled or colour-graded to aid in analyzing noise and jitter in eye diagrams. There is also a statistical display showing the number of failures in both the original mask and the margin.

Windowing functions Rectangular All PicoScope 9000 Series oscilloscopes Hamming can perform up to 2 Fast Fourier Hann Transforms of input signals using Flat-top a range of windowing functions. Blackman-Harris FFTs are useful for finding crosstalk Kaiser-Bessel problems, finding distortion problems in analog waveforms caused by nonlinear amplifiers, adjusting filter circuits designed to filter out certain harmonics in a waveform, testing impulse responses of systems, and identifying and locating noise and interference sources.

Optical-to-electrical converter

Pattern sync trigger and eye line mode

The PicoScope 9231A has a built-in 8 GHz optical electrical converter. This allows analysis of optical signals such as SONET/SDH OC1 to OC48, Fibre Channel FC133 to FC4250, and G.984.2. The converter input accepts both single-mode (SM) and multimode (MM) fibers and has a wavelength range of 750 to 1650 nm.

The PicoScope 9211A and 9231A can internally generate a pattern sync trigger derived from bit rate, pattern length, and trigger divide ratio. This enables it to build up an eye pattern from any specified bit or group of bits in a sequence.

For eye-diagram masks, such as those specified by the SONET and SDH standards, the PicoScope 9200A scopes support on-board mask drawing for visual comparison. There is a library of built-in masks (listed in the column on the left), and custom masks can be automatically generated and modified using the graphical editor. A specified margin can be added to any mask.

A selection of Bessel-Thomson filters can be purchased separately for use with specific optical standards (see back page).

Eye line mode works with the pattern sync trigger to isolate any one of the 8 posssible paths, called eye lines, that the signal can make through the eye diagram. This allows the instrument to display averaged eye diagrams showing a specified eye line.

PicoScope 9200 Series Sampling Oscilloscopes

Software Development Kit The PicoScope 9000 software can be operated as a standalone oscilloscope program and as an ActiveX control. The ActiveX control conforms to the Windows COM model and can be embedded in your own software. Programming examples are provided in Visual Basic (VB.NET), LabVIEW and Delphi, but any programming language or standard that supports the COM standard can be used, including JavaScript and C. National Instruments LabVIEW drivers are also available. A comprehensive Programmer’s Guide is supplied that details every function of the ActiveX control. The SDK can control the oscilloscope over the USB or the LAN port. ActiveX command ActiveX command categories types Header Execution System On/off Channels On/off group Timebase Selector Trigger Integer Acquisition Float Display Data Save/Recall Markers Measurements (Time Domain) Measurements (Spectrum) Limit Tests Mathematics FFT Histogram Mask Testing Eye Diagrams Utilities Waveforms

PicoScope 9200A inputs and outputs 12.3 Mb/s to 2.7 Gb/s clock data recovery input* 1 GHz full-function trigger Dual 12 GHz inputs 10 GHz prescaled trigger Optical converter output*

8 GHz optical input*

FRONT USB port for PC-based operation

REAR DC power input (adaptor supplied) Built-in dual signal generator *

Ethernet port for remote operation* *Not on all models. See feature chart on back page.

PicoScope 9200 Series Specifications VERTICAL Number of channels

2 (simultaneous acquisition) Full: DC to 12 GHz Narrow: DC to 8 GHz 10% to 90%, calculated from Tr = 0.35/BW Full bandwidth: : 29.2 ps Narrow bandwidth: 43.7 ps Full bandwidth: 2 mV Narrow bandwidth: 1.5 mV With averaging: 100 µV system limit 2 mV/div to 500 mV/div. 1-2-5 sequence and 0.5% fine increments. (50 ± 1) Ω SMA (F)

Bandwidth Pulse response rise time RMS noise, maximum Scale factors (sensitivity) Nominal input impedance Input connectors TIMEBASES Timebases Delta time interval accuracy Time interval resolution TRIGGER Trigger sources Direct trigger bandwidth and sensitivity Prescaled trigger bandwidth and sensitivity

10 ps/div to 50 ms/div (main, intensified, delayed, or dual delayed) ±0.2% of of delta time interval ±15 ps 200 fs minimum External direct trigger, external prescaled trigger, internal clock trigger, clock recovery trigger (not 9201A) DC to 100 MHz : 100 mV p-p 100 MHz to 1 GHz: increasing linearly from 100 mV p-p to 200 mV p-p 1 to 7 GHz: 200 mV p-p to 2 V p-p 7 to 8 GHz: 300 mV p-p to 1 V p-p 8 to 10 GHz typical: 400 mV p-p to 1 V p-p 4 ps + 20 ppm of delay setting

Trigger RMS jitter, maximum ACQUISITION 16 bits ADC resolution DC to 200 kHz maximum Digitizing rate Sample (normal), average, envelope Acquisition modes 32 to 4096 points maximum per channel in x2 sequence Data record length DISPLAY Variable Display resolution Dots, vectors, variable or infinite persistence, variable or infinite grey scaling, variable or infinite color grading Display style MEASUREMENTS AND ANALYSIS Vertical bars, horizontal bars (measure volts) or waveform markers (x and +) Marker Up to 40 automatic pulse measurements Automatic measurements Vertical or horizontal Histogram Up to four math waveforms can be defined and displayed Mathematics Up to two FFTs simultaneously, with built-in filters (rectangular, Nicolson, Hann, flat-top, Blackman-Harris and Kaiser-Bessel) FFT Automatically characterizes NRZ and RZ eye patterns. Measurements are based on statistical analysis of the waveform. Eye diagram Acquired signals are tested for fit outside areas defined by up to eight polygons. Standard or user-defined masks can be selected. Mask test CLOCK RECOVERY AND PATTERN SYNC TRIGGER (PicoScope 9211A and 9231A only) Clock recovery sensitivity Pattern sync trigger Recovered clock trigger jitter, maximum Maximum safe trigger input voltage Trigger input connector SIGNAL GENERATOR OUTPUT (9211A and 9231A) Rise/fall times Modes OPTICAL-ELECTRICAL (O/E) CONVERTER (9231A only) Unfiltered bandwidth Effective wavelength range Calibrated wavelengths Transition time RMS noise, maximum Scale factors (sensitivity) DC accuarcy, typical Maximum input peak power Fiber input Fiber input connectore Input return loss GENERAL Operating temperature range Power PC connection LAN connection PC requirements Dimensions Weight

12.3 Mb/s to 1 Gb/s : 50 mV p-p 1 Gb/s to 2.7 Gb/s: 100 mV p-p Continuous rate. 10 Mb/s to 8 Gb/s with pattern length from 7 to 65,535 max. 1 ps + 1.0% of unit interval ±2 V (DC + peak AC) SMA (F) 100 ps (20% to 80%) typical Step, coarse timebase, pulse, NRZ, RZ DC to 8 GHz typical. DC to 7 GHz guaranteed at full electrical bandwidth. 750 nm to 1650 nm 850 nm (MM), 1310 nm (MM/SM), 1550 nm (SM) 10% to 90% calculated from Tr = 0.48 / BW: 60 ps max. 4 µW (1310 & 1550 nm), 6 µW (850 nm) 1 µV/div to 400 µV/div (full scale is 8 divisions) ±25 µW ±10% of vertical scale +7 dBm (1310 nm) Single-mode (SM) or multi-mode (MM) FC/PC SM: -24 dB, typical MM: -16 dB, typical, -14 dB, maximum

+5 °C to +35 °C (+15 °C to +25 °C for stated accuracy) +6 V DC ± 5% PicoScope 9201A:1.9 A max. PicoScope 9211A: 2.6 A max. PicoScope 9231A: 2.9 A max. Mains adaptor supplied for UK/US/EU/AUS/NZ. USB 2.0 (compatible with USB 1.1) 10/100 Mbit/s (9211A and 9231A only) Windows XP (SP3), Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 10, 32-bit or 64-bit W 170 mm x D 260 mm x H 40 mm 1.1 kg

Note: more detailed specifications can be found in the PicoScope 9200 Series User’s Guide, available for download from www.picotech.com.

PicoScope 9200 Series Sampling Oscilloscopes

PicoScope 9200 Series models compared PicoScope 9201A

PicoScope 9211A

PicoScope 9231A

12 GHz bandwidth







USB port







LAN port





Clock data recovery (CDR) trigger





Pattern sync trigger





Dual signal generator outputs





Electrical TDR/TDT capability





8 GHz optical-electrical converter



Kit contents All the PicoScope 9200 Series oscilloscope kits contain: PicoScope 9200 Series PC sampling oscilloscope PicoScope 9000 software CD Quick Start Guide 6 V power supply, universal input Localized mains lead (line cord) USB cable, 1.8 m SMA / PC3.5 / 2.92 wrench Storage and carry case 18 GHz 50 Ω SMA(m-f) connector saver adaptor (one fitted to each input channel)

The following items are supplied with the PicoScope 9211A and 9231A models only: Order code LAN cable, 1 m

Not available separately

Attenuator 3 dB 10 GHz SMA (m-f)

TA181

14 GHz 25 ps TDR/TDT kit

TA237

4 GHz power divider kit

TA239

14 GHz 25 ps TDR/TDT kit contents (TA237)

4 GHz power divider kit contents (TA239)

• 18 GHz 50 Ω SMA(m-m) within-series adaptor

• 4 GHz 50 Ω SMA(f-f-f) 3-resistor 6 dB power divider

• 18 GHz SMA(f) reference short

• 30 cm precision coaxial SMA(m-m) cable

• 18 GHz SMA(f) reference load

• 80 cm precision coaxial SMA(m-m) cable

PicoScope 9200 Series Ordering information Order code PicoScope 9201A PicoScope 9211A PicoScope 9231A

12 GHz Sampling Oscilloscope 12 GHz Sampling Oscilloscope with CDR, LAN, and TDR/TDT 12 GHz Sampling Oscilloscope with 8 GHz optical input, CDR, LAN, and TDR/TDT

Optional accessories

PP463 PP473 PP664

Order code

Active oscilloscope probes TETRIS 1000 1 GHz high-impedance active oscilloscope probe 10:1 (with accessory kit) TETRIS 1500 1.5 GHz high-impedance active oscilloscope probe 10:1 (with accessory kit) TETRIS 2500 2.5 GHz high-impedance active oscilloscope probe 10:1 (with accessory kit) 800 MHz 15 V differential oscilloscope probe 10:1

TA112 TA222 TA223 TA046

Passive oscilloscope probes 1.5 GHz low-impedance passive oscilloscope probe 10:1 with SMA

TA061

Bessel-Thomson reference filters For use with the PicoScope 9231 O/E converter, to reduce peaking and ringing. Choice of filter depends on the bit rate of the signal under analysis 51.8 Mb/s bit rate (OC1/STM0) 155 Mb/s bit rate (OC3/STM1) 622 Mb/s bit rate (OC12/STM4) 1.250 Gb/s bit rate (GBE) 2.488 Gb/s bit rate (OC48/STM16) / 2.500 Gb/s bit rate (Infiniband 2.5G)

TA120 TA121 TA122 TA123 TA124

Attenuators Attenuator 3 dB 10 GHz 50 Ω SMA (m-f) Attenuator 6 dB 10 GHz 50 Ω SMA (m-f) Attenuator 10 dB 10 GHz 50 Ω SMA (m-f) Attenuator 20 dB 10 GHz 50 Ω SMA (m-f)

TA181 TA261 TA262 TA173

Other optional accessories 14 GHz 25 ps TDR/TDT kit 4 GHz power divider kit

TA237 TA239

UK headquarters: Pico Technology James House Colmworth Business Park St. Neots Cambridgeshire PE19 8YP United Kingdom

US headquarters: Pico Technology 320 N Glenwood Blvd Tyler Texas 75702 United States

 +44 (0) 1480 396 395  +44 (0) 1480 396 296  [email protected]

 +1 800 591 2796  +1 620 272 0981  [email protected]

Errors and omissions excepted. Windows is a registered trade mark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries. Pico Technology and PicoScope are internationally registered trade marks of Pico Technology Ltd. MM013.en-14. Copyright © 2008–2016 Pico Technology Ltd. All rights reserved.

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