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80T-150U Universal Temperature Probe Instruction Sheet
Introduction The Model 80T-150U Universal Temperature Probe is a selfcontained temperature-to voltage converter. The probe is designed to provide a direct temperature reading when it is connected to any high impedance DMM that is capable of 1 mV resolution and at least a 300-count full scale readout capability. Output is l mV per degree (Celsius or Fahrenheit). Two switchselected temperature output scalings are provided: -50 to +150 °C or -58 to +302 °F. The probe will stand off 60 V dc or 30 V ac rms (42.4 V peak). The unit is housed in two separate but attached assemblies: a temperature probe and a temperature-to-voltage converter. The probe contains the temperature-sensing element and is electrically connected to the temperature-to-voltage converter through a 46inch shielded cable. A three-position switch on the converter acts as a power switch and is used for selecting Celsius or Fahrenheit scaling for the output. Two banana plugs with standard 0.75 in spacing are provided for connecting the 80T-150U to the DMM. Operating power for the 80T-150U is derived from a standard 9 V battery. Typically, an alkaline battery provides more than 1600 hours of continuous operation before replacement is necessary. An OFF switch is provided on the temperature-to-voltage converter to allow battery conservation when the unit is not in use. In addition, the OFF position of the power switch allows the battery condition to be determined via the external DMM. Temperature is measured by exposing the probe tip directly to the material to be measured (non-corrosive liquid, gas, or solid). A direct temperature reading is displayed on the DMM.
Specifications The 80T-150U will achieve rated accuracy when it is used with any 0.25 % DMM that has an input impedance of ≥ 1 MΩ.
Electrical Measurement Range: (See Probe Limitations) -50 to +150 °C -58 to +302 °F Accuracy: (Applies for one year after purchase or calibration) AMBIENT °C ACCURACY +15 to +35 °C ± 1 °C from 0 to +100 °C, decreasing linearly to ±3 °C at -50 and +150 °C 0 to 15 °C and ± 2 °C from 0 to +100 °C, +35 to +50 °C decreasing linearly to ±4 °C at -50 and +150 °C AMBIENT °F ACCURACY +59 to +95 °F ± 1.8 °F from +32 to +212 °F, decreasing linearly to ±5.4 °F at -58 and 302 °F +32 to +59 °F and ± 3.6 °F from +32 to +212 °F, +95 to +122 °F decreasing linearly to ±7.2 °F at -58 and 302 °F Sensitivity (80T-150U output): 1 mV dc / °C or °F Voltage Standoff: 60 V dc or 30 V ac rms (42.4 V peak) Settling Time: 5.5 seconds to settle within 2 ° for a 50 ° change RF Field: Exposure to an rf field interferes significantly with this module’s capacity to accurately measure temperature. The interference is temporary and the module suffers no harm when PN 778134 February 1986 Rev. 9, 2/07
exposed to an rf field of 3 V/m. Accurate temperature measurement capability is completely restored when the module is removed from the rf field. Common sources of rf fields are handheld two-way radios and cellular telephones. If such a source is suspected of interfering with this module, either turn off the transmitter or increase the separation between the transmitter and the module.
Environmental Ambient Operating Range for Temperature Module: 0 to +50 °C (+32 to +122 °F) Maximum Temperature Probe Body and Cable: +70 °C (160 °F) See Probe Limitations Minimum Temperature Probe Body and Cable: Minimum Operating Temperature for Cable: -12 °C (10 °F) Minimum Operating Temperature for Probe Body: -40 °C (-40 °F) See Probe Limitations Storage Temperature for Unit: -40 to +70 °C (-40 to +160 °F) Humidity: 0 % to 90 % (0 °C to 35 °C) 0 % to 70 % (35 °C to 50 °C) (noncondensing) Altitude: Operating: ≤10,000 ft Storage: ≤50,000 ft Application Force: 15 pounds maximum (probe tip to measured surface)
General Weight: 5.7 oz, 161.5 g Overall Length: 53.8 in, 1.36 m Battery: Standard 9 V battery (NEDA #1604,6F22,006P) Battery Life: 1600+ hours, typical (Alkaline Battery), 6.5 V minimum Output Termination: Standard 0.75 in spaced double banana plug Probe Material: Glass-filled valox Probe Size: 0.6 in maximum diameter Tip Material: Aluminum Tip Size: 0/07 in to 0.08 in diameter, 30 % convexed
Operating Notes The following paragraphs are intended to familiarize the operator with the 80T-150U. The operator should read these paragraphs before attempting to operate the probe.
Probe Limitations The 80T-150U probe is constructed of a highly durable plastic and is suitable for measuring the temperature of liquids, gases, and solid surfaces up to 150 °C. When measuring temperature, observe the following precautions to prevent damage to the probe: 1. Do not expose the probe end (probe tip plus about 2 inches of the probe body) to temperatures exceeding +150 °C (302 °F). The remainder of the probe body should not be exposed to temperatures above +70 °C (160 °F).
©1985-2007 Fluke Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in USA All product names are trademarks of their respective companies.
Do not expose the probe end (probe tip plus about 2 inches of the probe body) to temperatures below -50 °C (-58 °F). The remainder of the probe body should not be exposed to temperatures below -40 °C (-40 °F). For liquid measurements, recommended applications range from water, lubricants, and fuels to most solvents. Liquids as shallow as 1/2 inch can be measured since the temperature sensor is in the probe tip.
To avoid electrical shock, do not use this instrument when voltages exceeding 60 V dc or 30 V ac rms (42.4 V peak ) are present. The probe tip is electrically connected to the output terminals.
WCaution Long-term exposure of the probe to corrosive environments will result in pitting and deterioration of the aluminum probe tip.
Error Sources When the probe tip is applied to a solid surface, it draws or sinks heat from the surface. Therefore, if the measured surface has a low mass (e.g., a transistor case), the indicated temperature may be lower than the actual temperature. Similarly, a steady-state error or gradient exists between the measured surface and the sensing device in the probe tip. This is due to the flow of heat from the measurement surface to the probe body. The effect of the steady-state error increases as the differential between ambient and surface temperature increases. To determine the actual surface temperature of a device, both the heat-sinking and steady-state errors must be considered. The correction curve given in Figure 1 approximates the effect of both error sources on TO-3, TO-5, and TO-18 transistor cases. RF signals applied to the 80T-150U probe tip can also cause errors in temperature measurement. Figure 2 defines the rf signal limits that can be tolerated without degrading measurement accuracy.
Figure 1. Initial Case Temperature Above Ambient vs Meter Reading Above Ambient
Connect the banana plugs on the 80T-150U to the input terminals of a high impedance DMM. Observe polarity. Select a dc voltage range that will provide at least 1 mV resolution (1 mV/degree) and a full scale readout that will encompass the expected temperature. The 2 V range of a 3 1/2-digit DMM is adequate. Ignore readings of less than 1° when a more sensitive DMM is used. Set the 80T-150U power switch to °C or °F, and energize the DMM. Firmly touch the probe tip to the surface to be measured, or expose it to a liquid or gas. The DMM will display the temperature in degrees. Vary the probe angle and pressure when measuring solid surface temperatures. The highest stabilized reading will be the most accurate. (See the following measuring technique.) WCaution The force exerted on the probe tip should not exceed 15 pounds.
Measuring Technique Here are some suggestions for improving the accuracy of your temperature measurements: 1. When measuring higher than ambient temperatures, adjust the connection between the probe and the surface until you get the highest temperature reading. 2. When measuring lower than ambient temperatures, adjust the connection between the probe and the surface until you get the lowest temperature reading. 3. When measuring near ambient temperatures, make the reading when the multimeter readout is most stable.
Theory Of Operation The Model 80T-150U uses the negative temperature coefficient of a semiconductor (P-N) junction to measure temperature. The PN junction is thermally integrated into the probe tip and comprises one leg of a bridge circuit as shown in the simplified circuit diagram of Figure 3. One 9 V battery is used to power both the bridge circuit and operational amplifier U1. Since the bridge must be balanced to provide 0 °C and 0 °F indications, separate range or temperature scale resistors R7 and R6 are included in the bridge circuit. When R6 and R2 are shorted by S1, the °C scale is selected and the bridge is calibrated by R3 to null at 0 °C. Conversely, when S1 is open, the 0 °F scale is selected, and the bridge is calibrated by R2 to null at 0 °F. Deviations above and below 0 ° provide a bridge output of approximately 2.45 mV/°C. Operational amplifier U1 is used to measure the bridge output and scale it to a 1 mV/degree signal. Since the °C and the °F scale are sloped differently, the scale for U1 must be matched with the scale selected for the bridge circuit. Shorting resistors R15 and R18 selects the °C scale. Conversely, when S1 is open, the °F scale is selected. Resistor R4 calibrates both scales. The output voltage used to drive the external voltmeter is taken from the output of U1 (P2) and the reference side of the bridge (P1). Since U1 is operating as an inverting amplifier, its output is used as the low input to the voltmeter. This enables the voltmeter to display an increase in temperature as an increase in voltage.
General Maintenance Access Information The battery and the calibration pots are located on the interior of the temperature-to-voltage converter assembly. Access to these locations is accomplished by removing the screw from the bottom side of the assembly and removing the top of the plastic box.
Figure 2. Maximum Signal RF Limits (Vrms) at Probe Tip
Operation Use the following procedure to operate the 80T-150U probe:
Battery Condition Test
1. 2. 3. 4.
Complete the calibration procedure without opening the temperature-to-voltage converter assembly and without making any calibration adjustments. Observe the readings given in [brackets]. Other readings are for calibration only.
Set the power switch to the OFF position. Connect the 80T-150U to the DMM. Set the DMM to the 200 or 400 mV dc range. Read the battery test voltage on the DMM or test instrument. For DMMs with 10 MΩ input impedance, a minimum reading of 100 mV is acceptable. For test instruments with 1 MΩ input ® impedances, such as ScopeMeter , a minimum reading of 75 mV is acceptable, With these minimum readings, approximately 100 hours of battery life remain.
Battery Replacement XWWarning To avoid electrical shock, remove the probe from the measurement surface before opening the case. Totally reassemble the instrument before attempting to use it. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Set the power switch to the OFF position. Disconnect the 80T-150U from the DMM. Turn the 80T-150U so the power switch is facing down. Remove the single screw located between the banana plugs. Grasp one case half in each hand. Pull the two halves apart, beginning at the end with the banana plugs. Remove and replace the battery. Reassemble the 80T-150U as follows. Mate the two case halves at the end where the cable enters the case, then "hinge" the two halves together. Replace the case screw, being careful not to pinch the probe cable or battery wires.
Calibration The calibration cycle of one year is recommended to maintain the unit within the specifications given earlier. The equipment required for calibration is listed in the table following the calibration procedure. Note Values given in brackets apply to the Performance Test. Perform the following steps to calibrate the 80T-150U: 1. Access the interior of the temperature-to-voltage converter by removing the bottom case screw and separating the case halves. 2. Connect the 80T-150U to a DVM with 10 μV resolution, and select mV dc range. 3. Select the °C position of the switch. Immerse the probe tip 2 inches into a mercury thermometer monitored 0 °C bath, and allow 60 seconds for the readings to stabilize. 4. Adjust R3 (see Figure 4) to obtain the following reading: 0.00 ±0.05 mV dc [0 ±0.2 mV dc] 5. Select the °F position of the switch, and adjust R2 to obtain the following reading: 32.0 ±0.1 mV dc [32.0 ±0.4 mV dc] 6. Select the °C position, and move the probe tip to a 70 °C to 90 °C bath and again allow the readings to stabilize. 7. Adjust R4 to obtain a DVM reading that agrees with the bath temperature (BT) as monitored by a mercury thermometer. °C BT ±0.05 mV dc [BT ±0.2 mV dc] 8. Select the °F position, and verify that the output is within ±4 mV dc of the bath thermometer reading. If necessary, change the DVM range to obtain an on-scale reading. 9. Return the probe tip to the 0 °C bath and check the output. If readjustment is necessary, repeat steps 4 through 8 until readings can be obtained without adjustment. 10. Set the 80T-150U switch to the OFF position, and remove the 80T-150U from the DVM. 11. Reassemble the 80T-150U. 12. The 80T-150U is now calibrated.
Probe Replacement A probe kit (80T-150-7001K, PN 431023) is available for replacing damaged or defective probes. The kit includes a probe and cable assembly and an installation and calibration instruction sheet.
List Of Replaceable Parts F3.eps
Figure 3. Simplified Circuit Diagram
A schematic of the 80T-150U is shown in Figure 4. A list of replaceable parts is shown in Figure 5. When ordering parts, provide the description, Fluke part number, and the quantity required.
Test Equipment Requirements
Minimum Use Specifications
0.1 °C Resolution
Princo Model SAMA-CP45
Dewar Flask and Cap
1-Pint Capacity (for Ice Bath)
Metal or Glass Container Digital Voltmeter
1-Pint Capacity 100 mV Range with 10 μV Resolution 1000 mV Range with 100 μV
Suitable for Boiling Water Fluke Model 8840A
To contact Fluke or for service, call one of the following telephone numbers: USA: 1-888-44-FLUKE (1-888-443-5853), Canada: 1-800-36FLUKE (1-800-363-5853), Europe: +31 402-675-200, Japan: +81-3-3434-0181, Singapore: +65-738-5655, Anywhere in the world: +1-425-446-5500 Or, visit Fluke's Web site at www.fluke.com. Fluke Corporation Fluke Europe B.V. P.O. Box 9090 P.O. Box 1186 Everett WA 98206-9090 5602 B.D. Eindhoven USA The Netherlands
Sensing Probe and Cable Assembly Black
Figure 4. 80T-150U Temperature Probe Schematic Replaceable Parts Ref Des
BT1 C1 C3-C7 P1 P2 Q1 Q2 R11 R12 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R2 R20 R21 R22 R3 R4 R5 R10 R13 R6 R7 R8 R9 S1 U1 VR1 W2
738179 106146 736033 820910 928903 928866 802733 802741 783274 642329 1541369 802758 802642 928754 806240 912493 802766 876016 642303 643954 929906 642220 772301 802774 929489 682575 747501 431023 172080 2825252 129882 2825265 735860 428441 202470 202447
Description 80TK-8011 ,CONNECTOR, BATTERY CAPACITOR,SMR,CAP,CER,0.01UF,+-10%,50V,X7R,0805 80TK-8009,PLUG,BANANA PNP,MMBT5087,SMR,TRANSISTOR,SI,PNP,50V,225MW,SOT-23 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,CERM,464K,+-1%,0.1W,100PPM,0805 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,CERM,100K,+-1%,0.1W,100PPM,0805 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,MF,196K,+-0.1%,0.1W,50PPM,0805 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,MF,6.65K,+-0.1%,0.1W,50PPM,0805 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,CERM,10M,+-5%,.125W,400PPM,1206 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,CERM,34.8K,+-1%,.063W,100PPM,0603 RESISTOR,METAL FILM,150K,+-0.1%,0.1W,25PPM,0805,TAPE RESISTOR,SMR,RES,VAR,CERM,2K,+-20%,0.25W RESISTOR,SMR,RES,CERM,2.4M,+-5%,0.1W,400PPM,0805 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,CERM,2.43K,+-1%,0.1W,100PPM,0805 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,CERM,1.2M,+-5%,.125W,200PPM,1206 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,VAR,CERM,100K,+-25% RESISTOR,SMR,RES,VAR,CERM,50K,+-20%,0.25W RESISTOR,SMR,RES,CERM,8.87K,+-1%,.125W,100PPM,1206 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,CERM,3.83K,+-1%,.063W,100PPM,0603 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,MF,30.1K,+-0.1%,0.1W,25PPM,0805 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,CERM,36.5K,+-1%,.125W,100PPM,1206 RESISTOR,SMR,RES,CERM,15.4K,+-1%,.063W,100PPM,0603 SWITCH,SWITCH,SLIDE,3P3T,WITH DETENT IC,OP AMP,LM4250C,BIPOLAR BIPOLAR 4041,SMR,IC,V REF,SHUNT,1.2 V,2%,150 PPM,SOT23 RESISTOR,R05A,RES JUMPER,0.02,0.25W SCREW,SCREW,PH,PO,STL,4-40,.250 SENSING PROBE AND CABLE ASSY CABLE TIE CASE,BOTTOM SCREW,PHP,4-40X3/16 CASE,TOP COVER,SWITCH SHOCK ABSORBER CURRENT SHUNT SHROUD (RED) CURRENT SHUNT SHROUD (BLACK)
LIMITED WARRANTY & LIMITATION OF LIABILITY Each Fluke product is warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship under normal use and service. The warranty period is one year and begins on the date of shipment. Parts, product repairs and services are warranted for 90 days. This warranty extends only to the original buyer or end-user customer of a Fluke authorized reseller, and does not apply to fuses, disposable batteries or to any product which, in Fluke's opinion, has been misused, altered, neglected or damaged by accident or abnormal conditions of operation or handling. Fluke warrants that software will operate substantially in accordance with its functional specifications for 90 days and that it has been properly recorded on non-defective media. Fluke does not warrant that software will be error free or operate without interruption. Fluke authorized resellers shall extend this warranty on new and unused products to end-user customers only but have no authority to extend a greater or different warranty on behalf of Fluke. Warranty support is available if product is purchased through a Fluke authorized sales outlet or Buyer has paid the applicable international price. Fluke reserves the right to invoice Buyer for importation costs of repair/replacement parts when product purchased in one country is submitted for repair in another country. Fluke's warranty obligation is limited, at Fluke's option, to refund of the purchase price, free of charge repair, or replacement of a defective product which is returned to a Fluke authorized service center within the warranty period. To obtain warranty service, contact your nearest Fluke authorized service center or send the product, with a description of the difficulty, postage and insurance prepaid (FOB Destination), to the nearest Fluke authorized service center. Fluke assumes no risk for damage in transit. Following warranty repair, the product will be returned to Buyer, transportation prepaid (FOB Destination). If Fluke determines that the failure was caused by misuse, alteration, accident or abnormal condition of operation or handling, Fluke will provide an estimate of repair costs and obtain authorization before commencing the work. Following repair, the product will be returned to the Buyer transportation prepaid and the Buyer will be billed for the repair and return transportation charges (FOB Shipping Point). THIS WARRANTY IS BUYER'S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AND IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. FLUKE SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES, INCLUDING LOSS OF DATA, WHETHER ARISING FROM BREACH OF WARRANTY OR BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT, RELIANCE OR ANY OTHER THEORY. Since some countries or states do not allow limitation of the term of an implied warranty, or exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, the limitations and exclusions of this warranty may not apply to every buyer. If any provision of this Warranty is held invalid or unenforceable by a court of competent jurisdiction, such holding will not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision.