THINK CANADA

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THINK CANADA

Canada…. An excellent place to live…

2

Ottawa, Ontario – Canada’s Capital

3

Lake Louise, Alberta

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Whistler, British Columbia Teste rerer erere rerer eerer eterr erere re

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An engineering marvel…

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Halifax, Nova Scotia

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Quebec City, Quebec

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Canada

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Canada

2nd largest country in the world Approx. 34mln people 202,000 km of coastline Longest countrycountry border in the world

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Sound fundamentals

Economically stable 􀂃 11th largest economy in the world 􀂃 World’s soundest banking system* 􀂃 Lowest debt-to-GDP among G7

Politically stable - conservative 􀂃 Pro-business political framework 􀂃 he rule of law prevails – common law 􀂃 highly regulated and conservative financial system

Resource rich 􀂃 A global provider of raw materials to the world’s fastest growing economies 􀂃 Deep capital markets for resource investors * IMF & World Economic Forum, September 2010, three years in a row

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…the Lowest in the G-7… General Government Net Debt 2010-13 (% of GDP) 138.7

140 117.2

120 99.4 100.2

100 80 2010

2011-13

77.7 68.3

76.6

83.2

57.6 56.9

60 40

67.7

75.9

32.2

36.3

20

Source: IMF Fiscal Monitor, September 2011

Jap an

Ital y

Fra nce

U.S .

U.K .

Ge rm any

Ca nad

a

0

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Canada has Sound Financial Institutions

Soundness of Banks* World Rank

1st 2nd 3rd 4th

Rank

5th 6th 7th 8th 9th

Fin lan d Le ba no n Ho ng Ko ng

Ze ala nd

Ch ile

Ne w

Pa na ma Au st r ali a Si ng ap or e

Ca na da So uth Af ric a

10th

*Standing among 142 countries. Ranking based on the degree of soundness of financial institutions. Source: Global Competitiveness Report, 2011-2012 ** Standing among 500 world banks based on total assets and long-term credit ratings. Source: Global Finance Magazine, April 2012

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…a Low Inflation Rate Regime…

Inflation (Year-Over-Year % Change)

4.5

3.8

4.0 3.5

3.2

2.9

3.0 2.5 2.0

2.0

2.0

2.1

3.2

3.0

2.8

2.4 1.9

1.8

1.5

2.5

1.6 1.5

1.0 0.3

0.5

0.3

0.0 -0.5 -1.0

2006

2007

-0.3

2008 Canada

2009 U.S.

2010

2011

G-7

Source: OECD Economic Outlook, No. 90, November 2011

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Canada is Acclaimed by the EIU for its Superior Business Climate… Business Environment of the G-7 Countries, Rank for Forecast Period 2012-2016

1st 2nd 3rd 4th

Rank

5th 6th 7th

Canada

U.S.

Germany

France

Japan

U.K.

Italy

15 Source: The Economist Intelligence Unit, April 2012

… and More Recently by Forbes Top Ten Countries to Conduct Business in 2011 1st 2nd 3rd 4th

Rank

5th 6th 7th 8th 9th

.A . U. S

. U. K

ay No rw

Sw ed en

Si ng ap or e

ar k

De nm

Ire lan d

Ca na da Ne w Ze ala nd Ho ng Ko ng

10th

*Standing among 134 countries. Rankings based on the following eleven categories of quantitative and qualitative indicators: trade freedom, monetary freedom, property rights, innovation, technology, red tape, investor protection, corruption, personal freedom tax burden and market performance. Source: Forbes Publishing, October 2011

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…Few Steps in Establishing a Business..…

Number of Procedures* 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

9 8

5

5

France

OECD Average

6

6

6

U.S.

Italy

U.K.

1

Canada

Japan

Germany

Source: Doing Business in 2012 - The World Bank Group, 2011 * A "procedure" is defined as any interaction of the company founder with external parties (government agencies, lawyers, auditors, notaries, etc). Interactions between company founders or company officers and employees are not considered as separate procedures. For example, an inauguration meeting where shareholders elect the directors and secretary of the company is not considered a procedure, as there are no outside parties involved.

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…in Relatively Less Time •

first among the G-7 for the fewest number of days required for establishing a new business.

Duration (days) 25

23

20 15

15

13

10 5

5

6

6

U.S.

Italy

13

7

0 Canada

France

U.K.

OECD Germany Average

Japan

Source: Doing Business in 2012- The World Bank Group, 2011

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Tax Advantages

International Comparison of Statutory General Corporate Tax Rates in 2012 45 40

37.9 34.4

35 30.2

%

30 25

39.2

25.0

26.0

27.5

20 15 10 U.K.

Canada

Italy

Germany

France

Japan

U.S.

* The tax rate on new business investment is the marginal effective tax rate (METR) that takes into account federal, provincial and territorial statutory corporate income tax rates, deductions and credits available in the corporate tax system and other taxes paid by corporations, including provincial capital taxes and retail sales taxes on business inputs. Source: Finance Canada, April 2012

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…with Low Business Costs among the G-7…

Percentage Cost Advantage (Disadvantage) Relative to the United States 5.5

5.0 3.9

4

2.1

2

0.0

0

Jap an

U.S .

Ital y

Fra nce

a Ca nad

-4

U.K .

-2

-0.1

Ge rm any

6

-6 -8 -10

-9.4

Source: KPMG Competitive Alternatives 2012

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…and Easy Access to Capital

Capital Access Index (Maximum = 10) Top 10 Regions/Countries 2009 8.5 8.25

8

7.99

7.95

7.92

7.88 7.68 7.54

7.5

7.52

7.49

7.47

lan d Fin

Au str ali a Ne the rla nd s

itz er lan d Sw ed en

Sw

U. S.

ng ap or e

Si

U. K.

Ca na da Ho ng Ko ng

7

*Standing among 122 countries. Milken Institute, April 2010

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A Capital Opportunity…

Toronto Stock Exchange and TSX Venture Exchange are dynamic markets to access capital and drive your company's growth.

Global Leaders in Mining

•Access to Capital – 90% of all mining equity financings were done on TSX and TSXV in 2011, making up nearly 40% of all mining equity capital raised •Liquid Trading Market – More than $450B of mining equity was traded in 2011 •Analyst Coverage – A global research community of 200+ analysts cover TSX mining companies

•Tailored & Flexible Listing Criteria – Listing requirements are designed to support companies at all stages, from grassroots explorers to some of the largest mining companies in the world •Growth Potential –TSXV issuers can graduate to the senior board TSX as the company fulfills its growth strategy

Easy access to the U.S.

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…and Direct Access to the NAFTA Market •

500 km

Edmonton Saskatoon Regina Calgary Winnipeg Vancouver

St. John's

1000 km

Victoria

Seattle Milwaukee

Québec

Charlottetown



Fredericton Halifax Montréal Ottawa Toronto Boston Windsor New York

Chicago Cleveland Philadelphia Detroit Baltimore Pittsburgh Washington St. Louis San Francisco

Denver

Atlanta



Los Angeles

Houston Miami

Mexico City

Canadian-based businesses have access to one market of 457 million consumers with a combined GDP of about US$17.2 trillion.* Many Canadian production hubs are actually closer to U.S. markets than American production sites — of Canada’s 20 largest cities, 17 are within an hour and half drive of the U.S. Direct air service between major cities in Canada and the U.S. has nearly doubled in the last six years.

* Source: World Bank: World Development Indicators database, December 2011

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…one of the World’s Best Educated Workforces

Percentage of Individuals Aged 25-64 Having Attained PostSecondary Education - Top 10 OECD Countries

60 50

50.0 45.0

44.0

41.0

40.0

39.0

37.0

37.0

37.0

37.0

30 20 10

Source: OECD, Education at a Glance 2011

UK

ay No rw

an d Fi nl

Au str ali a

Ko re a S.

an d Ze al

A Ne w

US

Ja pa n

Isr ae l

0

Ca na da

%

40

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…the Highest Proportion of Foreign-Born Workers in the G-7…. in the G-7 25

Foreign-Born Labour Force (As a percentage of total population) 21.2

20 16.3

15

13.6

%

12.2

11.9

10

9.1

5 0.3

0 Canada

U.S.

Germany

U.K.

France

Source: OECD 2007 (most recently available data)

Italy

Japan

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…and the most PC and Internet Users

Internet Users Per 1,000 Inhabitants

Personal Computers Per 1,000 Inhabitants 950

850

928

900 850 800 750

831

886 847

800

829 802

827

820 797 769

741 718

750

734

731

700

Ca n

ad a Ja pa n U. S. U Ge .K. rm an Fr y an ce Ita ly

700 U Ge .K. rm an Fr y an ce Ja pa n Ita ly

U Ca .S. na da

650

Source: IMD, World Competitiveness Yearbook 2011

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Canada Benefits by Having One of the Best R&D Tax Treatments in the G-7 Relative Generosity of R&D Tax Treatments (Index: Canada = 100.0)

France

123.9

Canada Japan U.K. U.S.

100.0 85.9 84.0 80.6

Italy

77.0

Germany

76.1 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130

Source: Warda, Jacek, Innovation: Measuring Canada's R&D Tax Incentives: May 22, 2009. Data unchanged as of January 2012. Note: Relative generosity is determined by dividing the after tax cost of performing $1.00 of R&D by 1 less the corporate tax rate. Results are indexed to the relative generosity of Canada's system of tax-based support for R&D. The higher the ratio the more competitive the tax system. * Calculations based on large firms

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…and a High Level of R&D Investment in Higher Education

R&D Investment in the Higher Education Sector 0.8 0.7

0.69

per cent of GDP

0.6 0.50

0.5

0.48

0.47

0.45 0.39

0.4

0.36

0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 Canada

Germany

U.K.

France

Japan

U.S.

Italy

Data are for 2010, which is the latest year for which they are available for G-7 countries, except for Japan and the United States (2009). Source: OECD Main Science and Technology Indicators, 2011, Volume 2 , January 2012 and the Federal Budget, Finance Canada, March 29, 2012

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Canada – We Take Care of Business Canada’s economic fundamentals and relative cost advantages provide a first-rate business environment. Canada offers: Excellent Economic Fundamentals A Highly Competitive Business Environment A Dynamic Workforce A Solid Venue for Innovation Easy Access to Markets An Excellent Place to Live

THINK CANADA!

• THINK CANADA

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